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Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Criminology: A Very Short Introduction  

Tim Newburn

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199643257
Criminology: A Very Short Introduction considers how to measure crime, how crime trends can be studied, and how those trends can be used to inform preventative policy and ... More
4. Laboratory examination: search, recovery, and analysis

4. Laboratory examination: search, recovery, and analysis  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
‘Laboratory investigation: search, recovery and analysis’ outlines the various stages of recovering, documenting, and analysing evidence. The first stage of a laboratory investigation is ... More
6. Understanding the crime drop

6. Understanding the crime drop  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
‘Understanding the crime drop’ explains that the downward trend has not been confined to particular countries. Nor is it a short-term blip, but has been sustained over a significant period ... More
2. What is crime?

2. What is crime?  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
‘What is crime?’ considers the definitions of crime. Should the focus be simply on violations of legal codes or should we extend it to violations of moral and social codes? The relativity ... More
3. Crime scene management and forensic investigation

3. Crime scene management and forensic investigation  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
‘Crime scene management and forensic investigation’ shows how the actions of police at a crime scene can affect the availability and efficacy of forensic tests later in the investigation. ... More
1. Introducing criminology

1. Introducing criminology  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
‘Introducing criminology’ explains that according to American criminologist, Edwin Sutherland, criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon including within ... More
5. Understanding recent trends in crime

5. Understanding recent trends in crime  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
What is happening to crime? Are things getting better or worse, and in what ways? ‘Understanding recent trends in crime’ examines recorded crime trends and data from victimization surveys ... More
5. Containing deviancy and liberating work

5. Containing deviancy and liberating work  

Colin Ward

in Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776069
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804778.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804778
Anarchists are against imprisonment and have an impressive history of releasing the confined. Kropotkin claimed in 1886 that a society built around cooperation rather than competition would ... More
17. ‘A Great Change in Manners’

17. ‘A Great Change in Manners’  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘A Great Change in Manners‘ draws attention to the remarkable order and balance of British society between the 1850s and 1890s. Despite massive industrial and social change, crime fell in ... More
2. Between the crime and the court

2. Between the crime and the court  

Julian V. Roberts

in Criminal Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716495.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716495
‘Between the crime and the trial’ discusses the procedures undertaken by the police and prosecution services after a crime has taken place and before court proceedings begin. Out of court ... More
6. Hearing the crime victim?

6. Hearing the crime victim?  

Julian V. Roberts

in Criminal Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716495.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716495
Within the traditional adversarial model of justice, the victim often serves as the principal prosecution witness and, having served this function, plays no further part in criminal ... More
4. Why punish … and how?

4. Why punish … and how?  

Julian V. Roberts

in Criminal Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716495.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716495
Why is punishment imposed and how do we justify the penalties imposed? ‘Why punish … and how?’ outlines the legal justifications for punishment: one perspective focuses on the crime and its ... More
8. How do we prevent crime?

8. How do we prevent crime?  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
It is often assumed that the criminal justice system is crucial in determining crime levels, but the available evidence does not bear this out. In fact, it is the processes of socialization ... More
4. Torture

4. Torture  

Andrew Clapham

in Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2015
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785436
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706168.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706168
The prohibition on torture in the UN Convention against Torture is described in absolute terms, but torture continues around the world. What is the purpose of torture? How has it changed ... More
7. How do we control crime?

7. How do we control crime?  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
‘How do we control crime?’ discusses the formal and less formal means thought to control crime. The formal means refer to the use of the criminal justice system: the police, courts, and ... More
9. Where next for criminology?

9. Where next for criminology?  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
Criminology’s concerns already encompass matters of sociology, psychology, law, political science, economics, history, and biology to name a few. Essentially, criminology’s focus remains ... More
4. The substantive reach of court-martial jurisdiction

4. The substantive reach of court-martial jurisdiction  

Eugene R. Fidell

in Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625191
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199303496.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199303496
If a court-martial has jurisdiction over an accused, to what offenses does that jurisdiction extend? Military justice codes take a variety of approaches to defining what conduct will be ... More
6. Geography’s present and future

6. Geography’s present and future  

John A. Matthews and David T. Herbert

in Geography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776946
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199211289.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199211289
‘Geography's present and future’ outlines present applications in geography, and looks to the future of the discipline. Environmental criminology looks at the concentration of crime in ... More
2. Investigating crime

2. Investigating crime  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
‘Investigating crime’ explores how the police investigate criminal activity, setting out the procedures and principles involved and how forensic science provides them with answers. A crime ... More
6. Prints and marks: more ways to identify people and things

6. Prints and marks: more ways to identify people and things  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
‘Prints and marks: more ways to identify people and things’ outlines the examinations and evaluation of marks evidence (such as fingerprints and shoe marks). Marks evidence can often be ... More

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