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6. Of ‘isms’

6. Of ‘isms’  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
The majority of philosophical ‘ism’ words are quite broad terms designating a certain general type of doctrine. The danger is that they might say more than they actually do. ‘Of ‘isms’’ ... More
1. Why the mystery?

1. Why the mystery?  

Susan Blackmore

in Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191836206
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794738.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794738
What is consciousness? What does it do? Could we have evolved without it? ‘Why the mystery?’ considers the definition of consciousness and how psychologists, neuroscientists, and ... More
5. Theological presuppositions: monotheism and providence

5. Theological presuppositions: monotheism and providence  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
‘Theological presuppositions: monotheism and providence’ explains the presuppositions that Paul brought to his debates. He believed in one God; he thought that there were other powers in ... More
6. Righteousness by faith and being in Christ: Galatians

6. Righteousness by faith and being in Christ: Galatians  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
‘Righteous by faith and being in Christ: Galatians’ is concerned with Paul's thoughts on the question: how does God's recent revelation in Christ relate to his former revelations to Israel? ... More
5. Revelation

5. Revelation  

Kyle Keefer (ed.)

in The New Testament As Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365500
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195300208.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195300208
Since ancient times the concept of good vs evil has resonated in literature. The last book of the New Testament, Revelation, can be placed between one of the earliest written texts Enuma ... More
4. Duality

4. Duality  

Ian Walmsley

in Light: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682690.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682690
‘Duality’ considers how the two different models of light—particle and wave—were reconciled. The dualism issue was partially resolved by William Rowan Hamilton in his ‘optical analogy’ ... More
5. Material minds

5. Material minds  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
‘Material minds’ considers Epicurus’ theory of perception and his views on knowledge and truth. The Epicureans maintained that the soul, like everything else, was material, composed of very ... More
15. The Mind

15. The Mind  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0015
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
Descartes' sharp distinction between mind and body is known as Cartesian Dualism: the mind is one sort of substance, the body another. ‘The Mind’ argues that Descartes classifies minds ... More
7. Checking

7. Checking  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Having made a decision, we need to check that we carry it out as intended. In other words we need to monitor our own behaviour. ‘Checking’ considers the following questions: How does being ... More
3. Pain and the machine

3. Pain and the machine  

Rob Boddice

in Pain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191801815
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198738565.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198738565
Mind-body dualism dominated Western medicine from the Enlightenment due, in part, to the philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650) who famously reduced the body’s functioning to mechanics. ... More
6. Mind and morality

6. Mind and morality  

Thomas Dixon

in Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199295517.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199295517
‘Mind and morality’ examines how beliefs about the soul and the afterlife have always been closely connected with concerns about morality and social life in the here and now. In the modern ... More
Light: A Very Short Introduction

Light: A Very Short Introduction  

Ian A. Walmsley

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682690.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199682690
Light enables us to see the world around us, and this sensation of vision has led to a fascination with the nature and properties of light. Light: A Very Short Introduction discusses early ... More
8. Quantum light

8. Quantum light  

Ian Walmsley

in Light: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682690.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682690
There are many kinds of quantum light source, each producing a distinct kind of quantum light. ‘Quantum light’ first considers sources that generate the primitive quantum state of light—a ... More
8. The afterlife

8. The afterlife  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Speculation on the nature of the afterlife is as old as recorded history. Although the doctrine of an afterlife is not found in all religious traditions, where it does, it is typically ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Chris Shilling

in The Body: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191802164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198739036.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198739036
Our embodied existence can be seen as a foundation on which to build an empirically informed yet distinctive approach to the analysis of society, identity, culture, and history. The ... More
Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Paul: A Very Short Introduction  

E. P. Sanders

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854513
Paul is the most powerful human personality in the history of the Church. A missionary, theologian, and religious genius, in his epistles he laid the foundations on which later Christian ... More
9. The law

9. The law  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
Paul wrote different things about the law depending on circumstances. ‘The law’ clearly illustrates that Paul did not have a single theology of the law. Four contexts in which the law ... More
3. Educating bodies

3. Educating bodies  

Chris Shilling

in The Body: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191802164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198739036.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198739036
The matter of education raises broader issues about how profit or value is extracted from or added to embodied subjects. Educational institutions seek to structure and direct people’s ... More
3. Time and space

3. Time and space  

Susan Blackmore

in Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191836206
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794738.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794738
‘Time and space’ discusses a range of experiments and theories of consciousness including neuroscientist Benjamin Libet’s ‘half second lag’ and the ‘cutaneous rabbit’ illusion, dualism, ... More

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