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5. Renewable energy systems

5. Renewable energy systems  

Nick Jenkins

in Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813927.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813927
‘Renewable energy systems’ describes the different ways of harnessing renewable energy and methods of converting it into electricity, gas, or liquid fuel, and their advantages and ... More
6. Future energy systems

6. Future energy systems  

Nick Jenkins

in Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813927.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813927
Energy for a modern society must be affordable, reliable, and sustainable. ‘Future energy systems’ considers future electricity generation and electricity networks, including the Smart ... More
3. Its principles: energy and entropy

3. Its principles: energy and entropy  

Peter Atkins

in Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782459
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683970.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683970
To understand why and how reactions take place and why and how bonds form in all their variety, chemists think about the energy changes that take place when processes occur. ‘Its ... More
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction explains how the laws of thermodynamics establish fundamental concepts such as temperature and heat, and the nature of ... More
6. Physicalism: is it all transference?

6. Physicalism: is it all transference?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘Physicalism: is it all transference?’ considers what causation is rather than what our concept of cause is. It begins with physical transference theories – the physical transfer of energy ... More
1. Energy systems

1. Energy systems  

Nick Jenkins

in Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813927.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813927
‘Energy systems’ explains the difference between energy and power and between energy and electrical energy. It then outlines the sources of primary energy, describing the environmental ... More
7. Tidal mixing

7. Tidal mixing  

David George Bowers and Emyr Martyn Roberts

in Tides: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191865657
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198826637.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198826637
‘Tidal mixing’ describes tidal mixing in shelf seas, where the water is shallow and tidal currents can be much faster than in the deep ocean. Most of the energy lost from the tide through ... More
4. The heart of the matter

4. The heart of the matter  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘The heart of the matter’ elucidates the nature of quarks, electrons, neutrinos, and antimatter. Electrons exist in finite excitation states based on their energy levels. With enough ... More
10. Applied chaos: can we see through our models?

10. Applied chaos: can we see through our models?  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Applied chaos: can we see through our models?’ investigates the application of chaotic models. Traditional statistics has exploited data-based models, such as the persistence, advective, ... More
2. Unlimited energy?

2. Unlimited energy?  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Unlimited energy?’ shows that the Earth produces a vast amount of energy through natural radiation. Geothermal power generation can harness this energy and 40 countries in Africa, Central ... More
1. Why eat?

1. Why eat?  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
A healthy adult eats about a tonne of food a year. ‘Why eat?’ explores the need for food and the uses to which it is put in the body. We eat because we are hungry, but why have we evolved ... More
2. Energy nutrition

2. Energy nutrition  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
Apart from water, the body’s first requirement under all conditions is for an energy source to perform physical and chemical work. ‘Energy nutrition’ explains that the metabolic fuels to ... More
3. The second lawThe increase in entropy

3. The second law: The increase in entropy  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The second law of thermodynamics introduces the concept of entropy: a measure of the disorder, or the quality of energy, that a system possesses. The law itself states that the entropy of ... More
9. The new Void

9. The new Void  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
Today, modern physics suggests that it is possible that the universe could have emerged out of the vacuum. The idea is that our universe could be a gigantic quantum fluctuation with total ... More
2. How empty is an atom?

2. How empty is an atom?  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
‘How empty is an atom?’ explains how even ‘empty’ space is filled with forces. Atoms are not the ultimate particle: they are nearly all empty space. This space is filled with electric and ... More
3. How we learn what things are made of, and what we found

3. How we learn what things are made of, and what we found  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘How we learn what things are made of, and what we found’ outlines methods of determining atomic structure. We cannot see atoms with our eyes, as visible light has too long a wavelength to ... More
5. The atom factories: making new elements

5. The atom factories: making new elements  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The atom factories: making new elements’ explores the synthesis of new elements. The transmutation of new elements is only possible due to radioactivity. Rutherford discovered that ... More
8. Applied nuclear physics

8. Applied nuclear physics  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Nuclear physics is a rich and active field. The large amounts of latent energy within the nuclei of atoms can be liberated in nuclear reactors. Together with nuclear weapons, this is the ... More
4. Free energyThe availability of work

4. Free energy: The availability of work  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
Free energy can be defined as the energy within a system that is free to do work rather than escape from the system as heat. ‘Free energy’ defines and explains the terms free energy, ... More
4. Odds, evens, and shells

4. Odds, evens, and shells  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Odds, evens, and shells’ considers the fundamental property laws governing nuclear structure. It explains element stability and abundance, as well as the quantum rules, magic numbers, ... More

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