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3. Bridging matter

3. Bridging matter  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Bridging matter’ introduces statistical thermodynamics, which provides the link between the notional insides and outsides of atoms and molecules. It identifies the bulk properties of a ... More
3. Mathematical Information

3. Mathematical Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Mathematical information’ explores mathematical approaches to investigating information. The Mathematical Theory of Communication (MTC) is the most important of these approaches, and aims ... More
3. The second lawThe increase in entropy

3. The second law: The increase in entropy  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The second law of thermodynamics introduces the concept of entropy: a measure of the disorder, or the quality of energy, that a system possesses. The law itself states that the entropy of ... More
3. Its principles: energy and entropy

3. Its principles: energy and entropy  

Peter Atkins

in Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782459
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683970.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683970
To understand why and how reactions take place and why and how bonds form in all their variety, chemists think about the energy changes that take place when processes occur. ‘Its ... More
3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing

3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of heat — you can't get something for nothing’ explores the development of heat engines, from early steam engines up to modern methods of energy generation. Despite being easily ... More
2. Matter from the outside

2. Matter from the outside  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Matter from the outside’ focuses on the applications of thermodynamics in physical chemistry. Thermodynamics is the science of energy and the transformations that it can undergo. It plays ... More
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction explains how the laws of thermodynamics establish fundamental concepts such as temperature and heat, and the nature of ... More
4. The burning issue: molecules and energy

4. The burning issue: molecules and energy  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘The burning issue: molecules and energy’ describes how energy can be transferred through molecular reactions. Metabolic processes are the foundation of cellular life. All chemical ... More
Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782459
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683970.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199683970
Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction encourages us to look at chemistry anew, through a chemist's eyes, in order to understand its central concepts and to see how it ... More
5. Entropy and thermodynamics of black holes

5. Entropy and thermodynamics of black holes  

Katherine Blundell

in Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781612
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602667.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199602667
‘Entropy and thermodynamics of black holes’ considers how the laws of thermodynamics and entropy can be applied to black holes. It discusses the work of Roger Penrose, James Bardeen, ... More
Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction

Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction  

Katherine Blundell

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781612
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602667.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199602667
Black holes are a constant source of fascination to many due to their mysterious nature. Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction addresses a variety of questions, including what a black hole ... More
Information: A Very Short Introduction

Information: A Very Short Introduction  

Luciano Floridi

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199551378
Information: A Very Short Introduction explores the concept of information, central to modern science and society, from thermodynamics and DNA to our use of the mobile phone ... More
6. Biological information

6. Biological information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Biological information’ outlines the nature of information in genetics and neuroscience. Genes are instructions for creating proteins in organisms, and these instructions are carried ... More
5. The third lawThe unattainability of zero

5. The third law: The unattainability of zero  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
Although the third law of thermodynamics does not have the same practical implications as the first two, it does make possible their application. ‘The third law’ examines how considerations ... More
1. What is astrobiology?

1. What is astrobiology?  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
Astrobiology is defined as a branch of science concerned with the study of the origin and evolution of life on Earth and the possible variety of life elsewhere. Astrobiologists agree that ... More
Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199689095
With the development of a variety of exciting new areas of research involving computational chemistry, nano- and smart materials, and applications of the recently discovered graphene, there ... More

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