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1. Souls, seeds, and chauvinism, 2500 bc–ad 400

1. Souls, seeds, and chauvinism, 2500 bc–ad 400  

John Waller

in Heredity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191831706
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198790457.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198790457
‘Souls, seeds, and chauvinism, 2500 bc–ad 400’ looks at how philosophers and healers tried to make sense of the formation of new life and how they applied concepts of heredity to explain ... More
4. Heredity in the Enlightenment

4. Heredity in the Enlightenment  

John Waller

in Heredity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191831706
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198790457.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198790457
The concept of heredity came of age during the Enlightenment. Botanists and naturalists pioneered the systematic study of sex and inheritance; natural philosophers refined their ideas about ... More
Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Eugenics: A Very Short introduction  

Philippa Levine

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199385904
The word “eugenics” was coined in 1883 by Francis Galton to express his dream of perfecting the human race by applying the laws of genetic heredity. Eugenics: A Very Short Introduction ... More
2. Eugenic intelligence

2. Eugenic intelligence  

Philippa Levine

in Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199385904
Nothing was more important for eugenicists than intelligence. A means to measure intelligence and identify feeble-mindedness was central to the policies that eugenics promoted. ‘Eugenic ... More
7. Human behaviour, mind, and culture

7. Human behaviour, mind, and culture  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844782
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806998.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806998
‘Human behaviour, mind, and culture’ examines the implications of biology for humans, asking whether human behaviour and culture can be explained in biological terms. The intelligence, ... More
2. Imperialism, genocide, and the ‘science’ of race

2. Imperialism, genocide, and the ‘science’ of race  

Ali Rattansi

in Racism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191872785
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198834793.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198834793
The term ‘race’ entered English early in the 16th century, referring to family, lineage, and breed. In the 18th-century Enlightenment, the idea of race became incorporated into more ... More
3. The demise of scientific racism

3. The demise of scientific racism  

Ali Rattansi

in Racism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191872785
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198834793.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198834793
In the aftermath of the Holocaust and the ending of World War II in 1945, the role of eugenics and scientific racism in underpinning the ideology of Nazism was impossible to ignore. It was ... More
4. The state in the bedroom

4. The state in the bedroom  

Véronique Mottier

in Sexuality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777196
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298020.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298020
The sexual revolution of the 1960s, brought on by reliable methods of contraception, the legalization of abortion, and the relaxation of moral controls led to greater openness, legal ... More
5. Eugenics after 1945

5. Eugenics after 1945  

Philippa Levine

in Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199385904
‘Eugenics after 1945’ clearly shows that the Nuremburg trials did not spell the end of eugenics, though they did tarnish its reputation considerably. Eugenic policies were simply renamed. ... More
1. The world of eugenics

1. The world of eugenics  

Philippa Levine

in Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199385904
Early in the twentieth century, a powerful union of science and social policy emerged in countries across the world. Eugenics was a movement committed to using the principles of heredity ... More
4. The inequalities of eugenics

4. The inequalities of eugenics  

Philippa Levine

in Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199385904
The goal of eugenic fitness was intended, at its most utopian, to improve lives, to help eradicate disease and disability, and to foster productivity. In practice, however, eugenics mostly ... More
3. Madness confined

3. Madness confined  

Andrew Scull

in Madness: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778230
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199608034.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199608034
‘Madness confined’ reviews the care of the mad from the 18th to the mid-20th century. Initially, treatment was based on a humoral approach, combined with the use of chains and other ... More

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