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4. The origin of life on land

4. The origin of life on land  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of life on land’ shows that life on land is significant for two reasons: firstly, life on land represents most of modern biodiversity and secondly, life has changed the face of ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Paul Brassley and Richard Soffe

in Agriculture: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191792939
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725961.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198725961
The agribusiness corporation producing corn and soya beans using enormous machines in North America, the woman with her hoe and her plot of cassava in Mozambique, the Chinese collective ... More
2. Fungal diversity

2. Fungal diversity  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Fungal diversity’ considers three species that illustrate the spectacular range of structural complexity found among fungi: Olpidium brassicae, Spirodactylon aureum, and Sphaerobolus ... More
3. Fungal genetics and life cycles

3. Fungal genetics and life cycles  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
All of the structures produced by fungi, from simple budding yeast cells to long-lived bracket mushrooms, are encoded in genes. The genome of the fungus is a blueprint for its organization ... More
5. Microbiology of human health and disease

5. Microbiology of human health and disease  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
Microbiological research has been dominated by studies on pathogenic organisms since the work of Louis Pasteur in the 19th century. Recent research suggests that populations of microbes ... More
2. The origin of sex

2. The origin of sex  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of sex’ begins with John Maynard Smith who suggested that the advantage of sexual reproduction was that sex shuffles genes more effectively than parthenogenesis, introducing ... More
Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Fungi: A Very Short Introduction  

Nicholas P. Money

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688784
The diversity of the mycological world is far greater than most people imagine. Tens of thousands of fungal species have been described and many more are known only from the abundance of ... More
1. What is a fungus?

1. What is a fungus?  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘What is a fungus?’ explores the evolutionary origins of fungi and how they differ from plants and animals. The fungi are united by three principal characteristics: they are eukaryotes, ... More
5. Fungi as parasites of plants

5. Fungi as parasites of plants  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
Parasitic fungi that grow on plants have reshaped the biosphere and caused the deaths of millions of people since the beginning of agriculture. Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight are ... More
7. Fungi in animal health and disease

7. Fungi in animal health and disease  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Fungi in animal health and disease’ considers the fungi that populate the healthy human microbiome and the nature of superficial and systemic fungal infections in humans and other animals. ... More
6. Fungi and decomposition

6. Fungi and decomposition  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
Fungi that do not form supportive or parasitic relationships with plants and animals feed on the debris of life. These are saprotrophs that decompose dead roots, leaves, flowers, fruits, ... More
7. Microbes in agriculture and biotechnology

7. Microbes in agriculture and biotechnology  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
‘Microbes in agriculture and biotechnology’ considers the applied microbiological research to improve soil fertility and combat plant diseases, as well as the development of genetically ... More
4. Disturbance and dynamics

4. Disturbance and dynamics  

Jaboury Ghazoul

in Forests: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785306
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706175.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706175
Forests are in a constant state of change so it is difficult to identify any single ‘natural’ state. ‘Disturbance and dynamics’ considers an example of a forest that has had a ... More
The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael J. Benton

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199226320
The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction introduces ideas from a range of scientific disciplines, from evolutionary biology and earth history, to geochemistry, ... More
Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction  

Nicholas P. Money

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199681686
In recent decades we have come to realize that the microbial world is hugely diverse, and can be found in the most extreme environments. Fungi, single-celled protists, bacteria, archaea, ... More

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