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4. Politics and society

4. Politics and society  

A. C. Grayling

in Russell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775659
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802583.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802583
‘Politics and society’ considers Russell's thinking about morality, politics, ethics, and society as outlined in Human Society in Ethics and Politics and the shocking Marriage and Morals, a ... More
5. Honesty and dishonesty

5. Honesty and dishonesty  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
To trust someone based on what they say has an expectation of honesty and knowledge. It also has an expectation of good intentions and of skill or ability. Judgements about good intentions ... More
8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations

8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
How does our attitude to trust and distrust apply to our relationships with institutions, public figures, or social groups? What is the difference between trusting a politician and trusting ... More
18. The ‘Other Sciences’

18. The ‘Other Sciences’  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0018
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘The Other Sciences’ focuses on Descartes' work on mechanics, medicine, and morals. By ‘mechanics’ he meant the study of the ways in which matter composes particular kinds of bodies, ... More
6. My soul and myself

6. My soul and myself  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘My soul and myself’ examines Plato's understanding of the soul. While Plato in general defends the idea that the soul is immortal, so that its relation to the body is merely temporary, we ... More
5. Science and Technology as institutions

5. Science and Technology as institutions  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Science and Technology as institutions’ explores the economic development of Science and Technology. Knowledge is a public good, but private incentives to pursue research are low, as it is ... More
1. What are trust and distrust?

1. What are trust and distrust?  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
Trust plays a huge part in how we run our lives. At a basic level, we trust or distrust the inanimate objects around us such as kitchen chairs and sharp knives. At this level, trusting or ... More
1. In Good King Edward's golden days

1. In Good King Edward's golden days  

Nicholas Vincent

in Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777806
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199582877.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199582877
‘In Good King Edward's golden days’ describes the style of kingship practiced by the Plantagenets and how Magna Carta was created in response to their excesses. Magna Carta was drawn up ... More
3. Social lives

3. Social lives  

Michelle Baddeley

in Behavioural Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191816475
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754992.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754992
‘Social lives’ explores some of the main ways in which social influences drive behaviour, including aversion to unequal outcomes, trust and reciprocity, social learning, and peer pressure. ... More
4. Summa Theologiae: Second Part

4. Summa Theologiae: Second Part  

Fergus Kerr

in Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777387
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199556649.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556649
Aquinas' intention in ‘Summa Theologiae: Second Part’ was to provide a practical handbook of Christian ethics. The first part sets out the general structure of a moral life, while the ... More
The New Testament As Literature: A Very Short Introduction

The New Testament As Literature: A Very Short Introduction  

Kyle Keefer (ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365500
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195300208.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780195300208
The New Testament as Literature: A Very Short Introduction uses a literary framework — plot, character, narrative, and genre — to illuminate the language, structure, and ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Kyle Keefer (ed.)

in The New Testament As Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365500
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195300208.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195300208
The New Testament has been through 2,000 years of interpretation. Millions of people across the world have felt the influence of it. Christians read the New Testament religiously assuming ... More
3. Communities

3. Communities  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Communities’ examines the cooperative relationships that exist in different communities. One way of preventing opportunistic behaviour is through linking relationships together. This ... More
2. Why do we read Plato's Republic?

2. Why do we read Plato's Republic?  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
Ancient philosophy has a large and rich tradition, beginning in the sixth century bc and lasting until the end of the Western Roman Empire and the fall of the Byzantine Empire. How has the ... More
2. Keynes's philosophy of practice

2. Keynes's philosophy of practice  

Robert Skidelsky

in Keynes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778032
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199591640.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199591640
In many ways, Keynes was more interested in philosophy than economics. Philosophy informed his views on economics. ‘Keynes's philosophy of practice’ looks at his philosophical views. He was ... More
Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Trust: A Very Short Introduction  

Katherine Hawley

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199697342
Trust: A Very Short Introduction explores key ideas about trust and distrust. Trust is indispensable, yet it can be damaging. Without trusting others, we cannot function in ... More
Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction

Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction  

Nicholas Vincent

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777806
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199582877.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199582877
Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction outlines the context and history of one of the most famous constitutional texts in world history. Magna Carta's origins in the troubled ... More
7. Legacy and reputation

7. Legacy and reputation  

Christopher J. Berry

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Oct 2018
eISBN: 
9780191826962
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198784456.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198784456
‘Legacy and reputation’ considers historical and contemporary views of the Wealth of Nations and why Adam Smith is ritually referred to as the ‘father of economics’. Ever since the Wealth ... More
5. Rules

5. Rules  

Katarzyna de Lazari‐Radek and Peter Singer

in Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191795558
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198728795.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198728795
Act-utilitarianism judges each act in terms of its consequences. Rule-utilitarianism holds that acts are to be judged right or wrong by showing they are in accord with, or transgress, a ... More
6. Utilitarianism in action

6. Utilitarianism in action  

Katarzyna de Lazari‐Radek and Peter Singer

in Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191795558
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198728795.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198728795
In practice, utilitarians put more emphasis on reducing suffering than on increasing happiness. One reason for this is practical: it is easier to provide basic necessities for those who are ... More

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