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Introduction

Introduction  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
Taxation is crucial to the functioning of the modern state. Tax revenues pay for public services—roads, the courts, defence, welfare assistance to the poor and elderly—and, in many ... More
9. Big Push industrialization

9. Big Push industrialization  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
‘Big Push industrialization’ describes the way some countries were able to grow so fast and catch up with the West in the 20th century. It was by constructing all of the elements of an ... More
1. The great divergence

1. The great divergence  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
‘The great divergence’ considers gross domestic product (GDP) and standards in living to show the prosperity gap between rich and poor countries. The present division between rich and poor ... More
1. Why do we have taxes?

1. Why do we have taxes?  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
‘Why do we have taxes?’ explains that taxes are compulsory payments, exacted by the state, which do not confer any direct individual entitlement to specific goods or services in return. ... More
3. Why are some countries rich and others poor?

3. Why are some countries rich and others poor?  

Ian Goldin

in Development: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191799983
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198736257.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736257
‘Why are some countries rich and others poor?’ considers various theories of economic growth, including Robert Solow’s widely used 1956 model, and charts the uneven development of countries ... More
1. Macroeconomic history

1. Macroeconomic history  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Macroeconomic history’ outlines historical approaches to the study of economics. History shows that Eurasia used geographical and environmental factors to their advantage when developing. ... More
8. Social well-being and democratic government

8. Social well-being and democratic government  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Social well-being and democratic government’ examines the link between government and economics. Democracy is not a sure-fire way to gain economic growth, but a positive correlation does ... More
1. What is development?

1. What is development?  

Ian Goldin

in Development: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191799983
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198736257.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198736257
Progress in tackling poverty over the past twenty-five years has been remarkable, but significant numbers of people remain in poverty and suffer severe deprivation despite the overall ... More
Development: A Very Short Introduction

Development: A Very Short Introduction  

Ian Goldin

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191799983
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198736257.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198736257
What do we mean by development? How can citizens, governments, and the international community foster development? The process by which nations escape poverty and achieve economic and ... More
2. The structure of taxation

2. The structure of taxation  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
‘The structure of taxation’ shows that tax systems in different countries vary widely, but nearly all share some common elements—including taxes on personal incomes, sales taxes, and taxes ... More
5. How geographers work

5. How geographers work  

John A. Matthews and David T. Herbert

in Geography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776946
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199211289.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199211289
‘How geographers work’ examines the methods employed by geographers. Geographers need to employ a wide range of skills. Fieldwork is a key activity, which developed from the expeditions ... More
4. Markets

4. Markets  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Markets’ outlines the concept of an ideal market, and explores how markets fail. The ideal market aims to sell all the supplied units to consumers by setting a price that reaches a ... More
Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Economics: A Very Short Introduction  

Partha Dasgupta

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853455
Economics: A Very Short Introduction describes the lives of two children who live very different lives in different parts of the world: in the Mid-West USA and in Ethiopia. It ... More
2. Trust

2. Trust  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Trust’ investigates how individuals maintain trust when cooperating. This trust can be based on mutual affection, or on laws and social norms. In areas where the law is not as powerful, ... More
7. Sustainable economic development

7. Sustainable economic development  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Sustainable economic development’ asks whether growth is compatible with sustainable economic development. The existence of ‘natural capital’ is not well characterized in current research, ... More

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