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1. What is public health?

1. What is public health?  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘What is public health?’ explains that public health is a very broad concept with changing or varying definitions over time and in different countries. In its narrowest sense, it refers to ... More
6. Tropical and international public health

6. Tropical and international public health  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘Tropical and international public health’ considers the establishment of tropical public health tied to colonial concerns before World War I; the influence of missionary medicine; and ... More
2. Smallpox

2. Smallpox  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
The world was declared smallpox-free in 1980, but this endemic and pandemic disease had killed hundreds of millions of people over the preceding millennium. Smallpox was first described in ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
There will be more pandemics. A pandemic might come from an old, familiar foe such as influenza or might emerge from a new source—a zoonosis that makes its way into humans, perhaps. The ... More
7. Present and future in the light of history

7. Present and future in the light of history  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘Present and future in the light of history’ outlines some possibilities for future public health and discusses some emergent as well as long-standing issues. A 2015 enquiry showed that ... More
Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction  

Rodolfo Saracci

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199543335
Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction explains what epidemiology is and its importance to the discovery, control, and prevention of disease in world populations. It looks at ... More
3. Malaria

3. Malaria  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
Malaria originated in Africa and is caused by an infection with the plasmodium protozoan. Five types have infected humans; Plasmodium falciparum is the most lethal and is responsible for ... More
10. Epidemiology between ethics and politics

10. Epidemiology between ethics and politics  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
Epidemiological studies pose ethical problems, particularly concerning the confidentiality of identifiable personal data and the use of stored samples to carry out genetic and other tests. ... More
6. Following up people’s health

6. Following up people’s health  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
In randomized controlled trials, subjects treated differently are followed up over time to observe the effects of the intervention (treatment). ‘Following up people's health’ points out ... More
8. Mapping health and disease

8. Mapping health and disease  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
Intervention studies and observational studies are known as analytical studies. ‘Mapping health and disease’ emphasizes that these are generally preceded and followed by descriptive studies ... More
3. The move into the community

3. The move into the community  

Tom Burns

in Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Oct 2018
eISBN: 
9780191865145
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198826200.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198826200
‘The move into the community’ considers deinstitutionalization. Nearly every large mental hospital in the UK and most in the US and Western Europe have closed. The emptying of the ... More
3. Amateurs and professionals

3. Amateurs and professionals  

Mike Cronin

in Sport: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688340.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688340
The vast majority of people who play sport are amateurs who take part for a variety of reasons relating to their social lives, health, and for the pure pleasure of it. ‘Amateurs and ... More
1. The size of the cancer problem

1. The size of the cancer problem  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
What is the scale of the cancer problem? The raw data is set out in ‘The size of the cancer problem’. The variations in the number of cases diagnosed and the numbers dying from cancer in ... More
3. How is cancer treated?

3. How is cancer treated?  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
The treatment of cancer is complex and involves the input of many different health professionals. ‘How is cancer treated?’ presents this complex picture as a journey from symptoms to ... More
1. What is anxiety?

1. What is anxiety?  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘What is anxiety?’ asks what anxiety is; what it feels like; and what its purpose might be. A brief history of anxiety takes us from its Latin roots, through the increased interest in ... More
7. ‘Unless the Lord Build the City …’

7. ‘Unless the Lord Build the City …’  

Christopher Harvie and H. C. G. Matthew

in Nineteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776533
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853981.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853981
‘Unless the Lord Build the City ...’ considers the reform of public health and education and the influence that religion had on this process. Epidemic diseases like cholera prevailed in the ... More
2. The politics of social work

2. The politics of social work  

Sally Holland and Jonathan Scourfield

in Social Work: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785221
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708452.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708452
Social work is inherently political because its parameters are set by the government of the day and many social workers are employed by the state and have important legal powers through ... More
3. The origins of public health into the 1700s

3. The origins of public health into the 1700s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
Public health cannot be understood without a knowledge of its history. ‘The origins of public health into the 1700s’ considers the earliest roots of public health, 4,000 years ago in ... More
5. Public health

5. Public health  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Public health’ looks at the measures taken by governments to protect the public from epidemics. By the end of the fifteenth century, basic defence mechanisms and the rationale of plague ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
What are pandemics? The National Institutes of Health proposed pandemics must meet eight criteria: wide geographic extension, disease movement, high attack rates and explosiveness, minimal ... More

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