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14. Ideas

14. Ideas  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
In stating that the imagination cannot help us to picture God, but that we can form a conception of our Maker by other means, Descartes was articulating his theory of ideas. ‘Ideas’ shows ... More
2. Aims and Methods

2. Aims and Methods  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
Hume aimed to continue the empirical enquiry begun by Locke to criticise trust in reason and question the nature of causality. ‘Aims and Methods’ discusses Hume's attempts to create a ... More
Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Ethics: A Very Short Introduction  

Simon Blackburn

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804426.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192804426
Our self-image as moral, well-behaved creatures is dogged by scepticism, relativism, hypocrisy, and nihilism, by the fear that in a Godless world science has unmasked us as creatures fated ... More
Some ethical ideas

Some ethical ideas  

Simon Blackburn

in Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804426.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804426
As our technologies of control increase, so do the new questions about how to use them. ‘Some ethical ideas’ examines such issues as abortion, rights, and euthanasia, and explores how an ... More
1. Why do we need political philosophy?

1. Why do we need political philosophy?  

David Miller

in Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775895
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803955.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803955
‘Why do we need political philosophy?’ examines the three ideas that stand at its very heart: that good and bad government profoundly affect the quality of human lives; that the form our ... More
3. Knowledge, belief, and faith

3. Knowledge, belief, and faith  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Knowledge, belief and faith’ explores the link that Locke believed existed between knowledge, faith and morality. Locke thought that knowledge consisted of the union of the simple ideas of ... More
6. Art and ideas

6. Art and ideas  

Christopher Janaway

in Schopenhauer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775666
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802590.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802590
‘Art and ideas’ examines Schopenhauer's treatment of aesthetic experience. Schopenhauer belongs to a tradition which equates aesthetic experience with a ‘disinterested’ attitude towards its ... More
4. Man

4. Man  

Roger Scruton

in Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775758
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803160.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803160
Spinoza believed that all things exist necessarily in thoroughgoing interdependence. This seems to leave the whole of morality in doubt. ‘Man’ considers what Spinoza's philosophy has to say ... More
5. Counterfactual dependence: do causes make a difference?

5. Counterfactual dependence: do causes make a difference?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
Causes, we might say, make a difference to what happens. They are difference makers. ‘Counterfactual dependence: do causes make a difference?’ considers counterfactual dependence as a test ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Paul Strohm

in Conscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777585
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569694.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569694
The durable notion we call conscience has outlived political ideas, epochs, and empires for over 2,000 years. It has been embraced first by Romans, then by early Christians, Reformed ... More
2. A free market in ideas?

2. A free market in ideas?  

Nigel Warburton

in Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777080
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199232352.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199232352
In On Liberty, John Stuart Mill defends the view that extensive freedom of speech is a precondition not just for individual happiness but also for a flourishing society. In other words, ... More
5. Free speech in the age of the Internet

5. Free speech in the age of the Internet  

Nigel Warburton

in Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777080
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199232352.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199232352
The Internet has transformed our world by expanding channels of communication and opening up people to new ideas and ways of interacting with each other. ‘Free speech in the age of the ... More
Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Edward Craig

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2020
Published Online: 
Sep 2020
eISBN: 
9780191894336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198861775.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198861775
Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction looks at different schools of philosophy and classic philosophical problems, via readings from Plato, Hume, Hobbes, Descartes, and early ... More
5. Freedom

5. Freedom  

Roger Scruton

in Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775758
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803160.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803160
Missing from Spinoza's philosophy of mind is the notion of the self, or subject. However, he recognizes the existence of self-consciousness. This means that our ideas may be accompanied by ... More
Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction  

Richard J. Crisp

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198715511
Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction tells the story of social psychology, its history, concepts, and major theories. Discussing the classic studies that have defined ... More
7. Spinoza's legacy

7. Spinoza's legacy  

Roger Scruton

in Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775758
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803160.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803160
Spinoza's metaphysics states that reality corresponds to our adequate ideas, and concludes that we may have the same ‘absolute’ view of nature that we have of mathematics. ‘Spinoza's ... More
7. Shifting standards?

7. Shifting standards?  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
Some words have context-sensitivity. Some words (like ‘I’ and ‘now’) are sensitive to the speaker's identity and location in time and space. Others (like ‘big’ and ‘tall’) are sensitive to ... More
6. The future

6. The future  

Robert Eaglestone

in Contemporary Fiction: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778247
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199609260.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199609260
The image of the future in contemporary fiction is inseparable from ideas about the impact of technology: expressions of hope or despair about that future are measured through the figure of ... More
3. Evolving trust and cooperation

3. Evolving trust and cooperation  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
Where does the concept of trust fit into evolutionary theory? The gene selection idea has a disadvantage: it appears unable to explain the altruistic behaviour of certain animals. ‘Evolving ... More
Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction  

Michael Beaney

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198778028
Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction introduces some of the key ideas of the founders of analytic philosophy—Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, Ludwig ... More

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