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Epilogue

Epilogue  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
China is on course to catch up with the West, but what of Africa, Latin America, and the rest of Asia? Income per head in the rich countries grows at about 2% per year, so countries must ... More
8. Whither poverty?

8. Whither poverty?  

Philip N. Jefferson

in Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785078
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716471.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716471
A world without extreme poverty is still some way off, but there have been moments where some actual poverty reduction occurred. ‘Whither poverty?’ considers three of the post-1960 attempts ... More
3. Measurement

3. Measurement  

Philip N. Jefferson

in Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785078
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716471.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716471
What do we mean when we say someone is living in poverty? Do we mean that their income is too low, that their consumption is too low, or that given their particular level of either, their ... More
5. Tax evasion and enforcement

5. Tax evasion and enforcement  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
‘Tax evasion and enforcement’ considers tax evasion from three perspectives. First, it looks at evasion from the taxpayer perspective: How and why do people evade taxes? Second, from the ... More
2. Consumers

2. Consumers  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
‘Consumers’ considers several concepts involved with, or influenced by, consumer activity and consumer choice — substitution, complements, demand curves, income effect, statistical ... More
8. Post-industrial transitions: towards WS 3.0

8. Post-industrial transitions: towards WS 3.0  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
To remain vital and effective, welfare states must adapt to changing social, political, and cultural circumstances. For several decades the world’s advanced nations have been transitioning ... More
Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Taxation: A Very Short Introduction  

Stephen Smith

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199683697
Taxation is crucial to the functioning of the modern state. Tax revenues pay for public services—roads, the courts, defence, welfare assistance, and in many countries much of health care ... More
3. Communities

3. Communities  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Communities’ examines the cooperative relationships that exist in different communities. One way of preventing opportunistic behaviour is through linking relationships together. This ... More
Prologue

Prologue  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Prologue’ gives a brief overview of the field of economics. The lives of people in developed and developing countries varies wildly, and economics attempts to explain and influence the ... More
7. Africa

7. Africa  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
African poverty is not new. Sub-Saharan Africa was the poorest region of the world in 1500, and it remains so despite the increase in income per head that has occurred. ‘Africa’ aims to ... More
4. Financial reports of listed companies

4. Financial reports of listed companies  

Christopher Nobes

in Accounting: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779879
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684311.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684311
‘Financial reports of listed companies’ considers the components of an annual report and the types of financial statement that companies generally provide: balance sheet, income statement, ... More
5. Varieties

5. Varieties  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
Every developed country has a distinctive welfare state of its own. Welfare states generally rely on the same basic institutions, but these institutions can operate in different ways. ... More
1. Why do we have taxes?

1. Why do we have taxes?  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
‘Why do we have taxes?’ explains that taxes are compulsory payments, exacted by the state, which do not confer any direct individual entitlement to specific goods or services in return. ... More
4. Taxation and the economy

4. Taxation and the economy  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
‘Taxation and the economy’ considers the economic costs of taxation; they are not simply a matter of the tax amount paid. Taxation transfers money from taxpayers to the government. In the ... More
6. Taking time

6. Taking time  

Michelle Baddeley

in Behavioural Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191816475
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754992.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754992
Often our everyday decisions unfold over time and what we want today is not always consistent with what we might want tomorrow. Understanding why many people do not behave in a way that is ... More
6. Distribution and mobility

6. Distribution and mobility  

Philip N. Jefferson

in Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785078
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716471.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716471
We all start out in a given position in society and with a level of income (or wealth). What determines where we will end up? Will we be better off than our parents were? For people living ... More
Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

Poverty: A Very Short Introduction  

Philip N. Jefferson

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785078
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716471.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198716471
Millions of people worldwide live in poverty. Why is that? What has been done about it in the past? And what is being done about it now? Poverty: A Very Short Introduction explores how the ... More
3. The Industrial Revolution

3. The Industrial Revolution  

Robert C. Allen

in Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199596652
‘The Industrial Revolution’ shows that the period from 1760 to 1850 was a turning point in world history, for it inaugurated the era of sustained economic growth. Technological change was ... More
Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction

Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction  

Robert C. Allen

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199596652.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199596652
Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction considers the wealth and economic history of countries worldwide. Why are some countries rich and others poor? The various ... More
7. The burden of governance

7. The burden of governance  

Amrita Narlikar

in The World Trade Organization: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776168
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806086.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806086
‘The burden of governance’ reflects on the nature of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The WTO has lurched from one crisis to another, and reform is needed for it to remain legitimate. A ... More

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