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6. Information

6. Information  

Ken Binmore

in Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776991
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199218462.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199218462
‘Information’ looks at the role information plays in games. When players hold imperfect information game theorists need to keep track of what is known, and when. Playing a game like poker ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
Information is notorious for coming in many forms and having many meanings. The plethora of different interpretations can be confusing, and complaints about misunderstandings and misuses of ... More
4. Semantic Information

4. Semantic Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Semantic information’ gives a detailed description of several ways of describing semantic information, and outlines problems associated with these methodologies. Unlike the Mathematical ... More
1. What and why of microeconomics

1. What and why of microeconomics  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
‘What and why of microeconomics’ explains that microeconomics studies how consumers choose what goods and services to buy, how producers make decisions to meet these demands, and how the ... More
5. Market and policy failures

5. Market and policy failures  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
‘Market and policy failures’ begins with monopolies and oligopolies. What are the effects of monopoly power? Many actions of consumers or firms have beneficial or harmful side-effects such ... More
1. What is forensic science?

1. What is forensic science?  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
Forensic science is described as the investigation, explanation, and evaluation of events of legal relevance including the identity, origin, and life history of humans, materials, ... More
7. Economic Information

7. Economic Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Economic information’ explores the value of information in society. Information is different from other commodities — it can be consumed limitless times, it can be shared easily, and ... More
8. The Ethics of Information

8. The Ethics of Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘The ethics of information’ explores the ethical implications of the information revolution. The RPT model states that information can be treated as a resource, a product, or a target. All ... More
2. The Language of Information

2. The Language of Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
Information is a conceptual labyrinth, but ‘the language of information’ provides a means to find our bearings on this conceptual map. The information we use in everyday life is comprised ... More
4. Economic information and values in environmental policy decisions

4. Economic information and values in environmental policy decisions  

Stephen Smith

in Environmental Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777813
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199583584.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199583584
‘Economic information and values in environmental policy decisions’ considers the ways in which environmental economists try to capture the value that people place on environmental quality, ... More
5. Perception of a 3-D world

5. Perception of a 3-D world  

Brian Rogers

in Perception: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191833410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198791003.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198791003
The ability to perceive the 3-D world has often been regarded as a task that poses particular problems for the visual system. However, ‘Perception of a 3-D world’ argues that we are ... More
6. Risk communication

6. Risk communication  

Baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany

in Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199576203.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199576203
‘Risk communication’ shows how risks are communicated between parties in society, and how effective risk communication is essential to society. Risk communications affect individuals' ... More
7. The chemical computer: molecular information

7. The chemical computer: molecular information  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘The chemical computer: molecular information’ outlines the ways that molecules can store and transmit information. Genetics is living proof that complex information can be encoded through ... More
6. Hacks vs flaks: journalism and public relations

6. Hacks vs flaks: journalism and public relations  

Ian Hargreaves

in Journalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199686872.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199686872
Journalists often get a bad press, being portrayed as crusaders, single-minded, and determined above all else to get the information they desire. ‘Hacks vs flaks: journalism and public ... More
7. What works?

7. What works?  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
Given the long list of defects in markets and governments outlined in this VSI, the world has not fared too badly. ‘What works?’ concludes that a mixed economy — where competitive markets ... More
6. Prints and marks: more ways to identify people and things

6. Prints and marks: more ways to identify people and things  

Jim Fraser

in Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558056
‘Prints and marks: more ways to identify people and things’ outlines the examinations and evaluation of marks evidence (such as fingerprints and shoe marks). Marks evidence can often be ... More
Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction

Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction  

Jim Fraser

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777400
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558056.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199558056
Forensic Science: A Very Short Introduction introduces the concept of forensic science and explains how it is used in the investigation of crime. In forensic science, a ... More
6. Working with law enforcement

6. Working with law enforcement  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
‘Working with law enforcement’ shows that forensic psychologists contribute to all stages of the investigative process. They help to set up effective systems for collecting and making sense ... More
5. Physical Information

5. Physical Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Physical information’ explores the relationship between physics and metaphysics with regards to the nature of information. Information theory and processes seem to have physical ... More
7. Always the bridesmaid?

7. Always the bridesmaid?  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
‘Always the bridesmaid?’ considers the future for forensic psychology. Until recently, forensic psychologists were seen as providing a supporting role, but there is now increasing ... More

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