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2. The changing face of autism

2. The changing face of autism  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘The changing face of autism’ examines the history of autism. With the boundaries of the autistic spectrum still in flux, it asks: Will there be a clear line to distinguish autistic ... More
7. Can we categorize people? Individual differences

7. Can we categorize people? Individual differences  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
Most of us like to consider ourselves as unique, but is it possible to categorize the differences between us and identify the determinants of such differences? Psychologists have developed ... More
9. Is intelligence increasing generation after generation?

9. Is intelligence increasing generation after generation?  

Ian J. Deary

in Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191837296
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796206.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796206
‘Is intelligence increasing generation after generation?’ discusses the ‘Flynn effect’ of rising IQ. James Flynn noticed that tables of norms for intelligence tests had to be changed every ... More
7. The wisdom of crowds

7. The wisdom of crowds  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
Recent work on collective animal behaviour shows that relatively simple behaviours by each animal acting individually can together produce complex, emergent behaviours larger than the ... More
Artificial Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Artificial Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction  

Margaret A. Boden

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821448
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602919.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199602919
The applications of Artificial Intelligence lie all around us and affect all aspects of our lives. The results of Artificial Intelligence have been invaluable to biologists, psychologists, ... More
Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Ian J. Deary

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191837296
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796206.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198796206
Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction describes what psychologists have discovered about how and why people differ in their thinking powers. Drawing on large-scale data, it ... More
2. What happens to intelligence as we grow older?

2. What happens to intelligence as we grow older?  

Ian J. Deary

in Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191837296
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796206.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796206
The study of cognitive ageing is arguably one of the most lively, exciting, and important in the field of human intelligence, as the proportion of older people in the population grows ... More
10. A glance into the future

10. A glance into the future  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
The future of medical ethics, the ways in which it will develop and change, will be largely determined by the nature of the new situations that arise. ‘A glance into the future’ suggests ... More
7. What is a person?

7. What is a person?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a person?’ asks why a person has special status. What makes a person a different particular from a table or other physical object? Is it intelligence, consciousness, or moral ... More
6. Robotic futures

6. Robotic futures  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
The story of robots is still unfolding. ‘Robotic futures’ looks to the future of robotic science in space exploration and other areas of everyday life. Would it be possible to build a ... More
Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Learning: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Haselgrove

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688364
What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. ... More
Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Eugenics: A Very Short introduction  

Philippa Levine

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199385904
The word “eugenics” was coined in 1883 by Francis Galton to express his dream of perfecting the human race by applying the laws of genetic heredity. Eugenics: A Very Short Introduction ... More
2. Eugenic intelligence

2. Eugenic intelligence  

Philippa Levine

in Eugenics: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780199385935
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199385904.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199385904
Nothing was more important for eugenicists than intelligence. A means to measure intelligence and identify feeble-mindedness was central to the policies that eugenics promoted. ‘Eugenic ... More
3. Thinking hypothetically

3. Thinking hypothetically  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
A remarkable feature of human intelligence is our ability to think hypothetically. We can imagine how things might be in the future and how they might have turned out differently in the ... More
6. Are we rational?

6. Are we rational?  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
Human thinking and reasoning can be compared with a ‘normative’ standard—a formal theory of right and wrong answers. The normative theories mostly applied are decision theory, probability ... More
7. From dual processes to two minds

7. From dual processes to two minds  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
There has been a large amount of attention to dual processing in psychology, but with many different theories and much variation in terminology. ‘From dual processes to two minds’ reviews ... More
3. A huge increase in cases

3. A huge increase in cases  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
Since the 1990s there has been an increase of 172 per cent of people diagnosed as autistic. ‘A huge increase in cases’ looks at the possible causes of autism. It is very unlikely that ... More
5. The computer that cried

5. The computer that cried  

Dylan Evans

in Emotion: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191872471
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198834403.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198834403
The most recent discipline to have entered the debate on emotion is artificial intelligence. Since the early 1990s, computer scientists have become increasingly interested in building ... More
6. Heuristic computing

6. Heuristic computing  

Subrata Dasgupta

in Computer Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191798146
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733461.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198733461
Many ordinary problems and everyday activities are not conducive to algorithmic solutions. Yet, people do perform these tasks and solve such problems, so what other computational means are ... More
4. Intelligence and creativity

4. Intelligence and creativity  

Andrew Robinson

in Genius: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778056
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594405.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594405
‘Intelligence and creativity’ discusses intelligence and creativity tests to see whether they shed light on what makes a genius. Studies by Lewis Terman and Catherine Cox attempting to ... More

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