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7. Trust on the internet

7. Trust on the internet  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
The Internet is well-known for its fakes and frauds. These exist in the real world too, but the Internet amplifies and changes what is possible, for both better and worse. The many ways in ... More
4. The analysis of knowledge

4. The analysis of knowledge  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
‘The analysis of knowledge’ begins with Edmund Gettier who challenged the ‘classical analysis of knowledge’ that equates knowledge with justified true belief. His no-false-belief proposal ... More
1. Arguing with Plato

1. Arguing with Plato  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘Arguing with Plato’ explores the themes of knowledge and belief in Plato's dialogue the Theaetetus, in which Socrates shows faults in all of the accounts of knowledge suggested by young ... More
7. The Witness and the Watched: Yoga and Sāṃkhya

7. The Witness and the Watched: Yoga and Sāṃkhya  

Sue Hamilton

in Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776403
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853745.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853745
The mental exercises, or meditative disciplines, known as ‘yoga’ have been a part of Indian tradition since very early times. Over time, many different varieties of yoga have been taught. ... More
3. The later philosophy

3. The later philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Prior to the mid-1930s, Wittgenstein‘s thought went through a period of transition in which new themes emerged as he reconsidered Tractatus. The writings of this period are genuinely ... More
10. Finding causes: where are they?

10. Finding causes: where are they?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
How do we find causes? Is there some method by which we can discover that one sort of thing is causally connected to another? How good is our causal knowledge? ‘Finding causes: where are ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
Knowledge always belongs to some individual or group and the knowledge of a group may go beyond the knowledge of its individual members. The ‘Introduction’ focuses on the kind of knowledge ... More
2. The humanist script

2. The humanist script  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
‘The humanist script’ examines the rise of a complex and controversial philosophy, Renaissance humanism, and its relationship to the invention of the printing press. At the start of the ... More
5. Genealogy

5. Genealogy  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776113
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805577.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805577
In using the term ‘genealogy’, Foucault proclaimed his connection to Nietzsche. ‘Genealogy’ analyses what Foucault thought about the genealogical method, how it compared to Nietzsche's, and ... More
Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Locke: A Very Short Introduction  

John Dunn

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803948
Locke: A Very Short Introduction unravels the meaning of John Locke's political thought and his contribution to English ideology. One of the greatest English philosophers of ... More
3. Knowledge, belief, and faith

3. Knowledge, belief, and faith  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Knowledge, belief and faith’ explores the link that Locke believed existed between knowledge, faith and morality. Locke thought that knowledge consisted of the union of the simple ideas of ... More
2. Logic and philosophy

2. Logic and philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Russell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775659
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802583.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802583
‘Logic and philosophy’ shows that Russell's first truly original philosophical endeavour was to show that mathematics rests on logic. The project failed, but a number of important ... More
1. The Man and His Work

1. The Man and His Work  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘The man and his work’ describes Aristotle as a scholar whose scientific explorations were as wide-ranging as his philosophical speculations were profound; a teacher who enchanted and ... More
5. Honesty and dishonesty

5. Honesty and dishonesty  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
To trust someone based on what they say has an expectation of honesty and knowledge. It also has an expectation of good intentions and of skill or ability. Judgements about good intentions ... More
8. Primitivism: is causation the most basic thing?

8. Primitivism: is causation the most basic thing?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
What if causation cannot be defined? Is it not one of the most basic and fundamental things? In that case, perhaps other notions are defined in terms of it: causation itself might be ... More
1. Introducing criminology

1. Introducing criminology  

Tim Newburn

in Criminology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785511
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643257.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643257
‘Introducing criminology’ explains that according to American criminologist, Edwin Sutherland, criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon including within ... More
1. Why do we need political philosophy?

1. Why do we need political philosophy?  

David Miller

in Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775895
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803955.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803955
‘Why do we need political philosophy?’ examines the three ideas that stand at its very heart: that good and bad government profoundly affect the quality of human lives; that the form our ... More
4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism

4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
In modern epistemology, certain assumptions about knowledge are common, such as the view that the existence of knowledge must be justified against the sceptic. How does this differ from ... More
2. Who were the first agnostics?

2. Who were the first agnostics?  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
‘Who were the first agnostics?’ asks: who originated the idea of agnosticism, and who were the first to call themselves ‘agnostics’? The Metaphysical Society was founded in 1868 by James ... More
5. Knowledge

5. Knowledge  

Jon Balserak

in Calvinism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815263
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753711.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753711
According to Calvinism, what is known about the character of God is limited due to the inscrutable nature of God’s being and because God does not always choose to reveal his mind. ... More

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