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Introduction

Introduction  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
The ‘Introduction’ looks at recent developments in child psychology such as new techniques in brain imaging and genetics, and research into cognitive development and social/emotional ... More
5. Languages great and small

5. Languages great and small  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
The great majority of the world's scholarly literature appears in English, although at least half of it is produced by authors from non-anglophone countries. ‘Languages great and small’ ... More
4. Protecting language

4. Protecting language  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
Linguistic prescriptivism reflects the idea that language standards must be maintained and that unwanted influences are to be resisted. ‘Protecting language’ explores contemporary language ... More
3. Language in time and space

3. Language in time and space  

P. H. Matthews

in Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801487
‘Language in space and time’ explores the topic of linguistic change. It is a fact, attested everywhere, that language changes, with vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation all being ... More
1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity

1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
By itself, the question ‘How many languages are there in the world? ’ seems quite a trivial one, the sort to which there ought to be a quite simple answer without much intrinsic interest. ... More
9. Endangered languages

9. Endangered languages  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
By the end of the 21st century, half the languages spoken in the world today may have disappeared. Fewer than 10,000 people speak 52 per cent of languages. Many language communities have ... More
4. Wittgenstein and recent philosophy

4. Wittgenstein and recent philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Was Wittgenstein the most influential presence in twentieth-century philosophy? The majority of recent and contemporary analytic philosophers disagree with him. They are more influenced by ... More
2. Running the empire

2. Running the empire  

Gillian Clark

in Late Antiquity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777295
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199546206.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199546206
Peace and order were the basic duties of Roman government. ‘Running the empire’ explains how these duties were achieved or unfulfilled. The reigns and styles of government of emperors such ... More
1. History

1. History  

Peter Hainsworth and David Robey

in Italian Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777073
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231799.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231799
Italy's long history of division and foreign domination had a number of important consequences for Italian literature, the most fundamental of which concerns language. ‘History’ takes the ... More
6. Loyalty, maintenance, shift, loss, and revival

6. Loyalty, maintenance, shift, loss, and revival  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
All languages and all dialects are bearers of identity; all can have a psychological and symbolic significance that accompanies their more obvious communicative value. ‘Loyalty, ... More
8. Name, sex, and religion

8. Name, sex, and religion  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
‘Name, sex, and religion’ argues that name, religion, and gender are three of the most important features of individual and group distinctiveness — and when they are linked with language, ... More
2. Poetry from Romanticism to Modernismo: Bello to Darío

2. Poetry from Romanticism to Modernismo: Bello to Darío  

Roberto González Echevarría

in Modern Latin American Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365838
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199754915.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199754915
‘Poetry from Romanticism to Modernismo: Bello to Darío’ charts the development of Latin American poetry. Poetry was the first art form to register changes towards a Latin American ... More
8. Heidegger

8. Heidegger  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Heidegger’ examines why Heidegger's philosophy remains so important, despite the blatant moral and political failings of its author. For Heidegger, the aim of metaphysics is to explain ... More
1. Identity

1. Identity  

Lynda Mugglestone

in Dictionaries: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573790.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573790
‘Identity’ makes the point that dictionaries are popularly seen in terms of constraint and regulation, defending rather than describing the language. Instead, they profoundly engage with ... More
5. Heraclitus

5. Heraclitus  

Catherine Osborne

in Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840943
‘Heraclitus’ examines the questions raised by Heraclitus, pointing out that his sayings provide material for many different versions of his thought. Heraclitus called the systematic ... More
7. How much is systematic?

7. How much is systematic?  

P. H. Matthews

in Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801487
To say that languages are systems is to draw a line around what we are studying. ‘How much is systematic?’ points out that a line drawn differently might include much that is less ... More
3. The later philosophy

3. The later philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Prior to the mid-1930s, Wittgenstein‘s thought went through a period of transition in which new themes emerged as he reconsidered Tractatus. The writings of this period are genuinely ... More
4. The Akkadian Empire, 2334–2193 bce

4. The Akkadian Empire, 2334–2193 bce  

Amanda H. Podany

in The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2013
Published Online: 
Dec 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195377996.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195377996
‘The Akkadian Empire, 2334–2193 bce’ describes how in the mid-twenty-fourth century bce the leader Sargon was able to conquer many of the little city states of Mesopotamia to create a new ... More
6. The Old Assyrian colonies, 1950–1740 bce

6. The Old Assyrian colonies, 1950–1740 bce  

Amanda H. Podany

in The Ancient Near East: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2013
Published Online: 
Dec 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195377996.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195377996
‘The Old Assyrian colonies, 1950–1740 bce’ describes the period that follows the end of the Third Dynasty of Ur, which was one of breakup of empire and forging and breaking of alliances. ... More
5. Some problems in the counting of languages

5. Some problems in the counting of languages  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
‘Some problems in the counting of languages’ points out that, though we have assumed that in principle we know how to count the world's languages, what actually makes languages distinct ... More

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