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5. NEP: society and culture

5. NEP: society and culture  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
From the start of the NEP, social inequality rose. Class remained a fragile structure. ‘NEP: society and culture’ considers what the Soviets did to refashion the social systems in Russia, ... More
2. The humanist script

2. The humanist script  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
‘The humanist script’ examines the rise of a complex and controversial philosophy, Renaissance humanism, and its relationship to the invention of the printing press. At the start of the ... More
7. The uses of history

7. The uses of history  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
History can be used as a weapon of propaganda. The post-Civil War regime manipulated a monolithic and partisan version of the war, referring to it not as a civil war but as a ‘crusade’ or ... More
4. Vernacular drama and fiction: gardens, bandits, and dreams

4. Vernacular drama and fiction: gardens, bandits, and dreams  

Sabina Knight

in Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195392067
‘Vernacular drama and fiction: gardens, bandits, and dreams’ assesses Chinese vernacular drama. Classical literature espoused a harmonious moral Way, but this gradually gave way to a more ... More
4. NEP: politics and the economy

4. NEP: politics and the economy  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
In March 1921, many feared that the new regime in Russia would not survive. In response Congress endorsed the abandonment of forced requisitioning in favour of a tax in kind on the ... More
8. Towards a Nation

8. Towards a Nation  

John Gillingham and Ralph A. Griffiths

in Medieval Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776564
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854025.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854025
The English Crown embodied the unity of England. By the end of the fifteenth century, English kings enjoyed an enviable mastery of their kingdom. ‘Towards a Nation’ considers how this unity ... More
1. The view from Cahokia

1. The view from Cahokia  

Stephen Aron

in The American West: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780199393602
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858934.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858934
‘The view from Cahokia’ describes a dynamic and diverse “prehistory” defined by peoples in motion, societies in flux, cultures entangling, powers competing, and realms shifting—all with ... More
1. Questions about murder and history

1. Questions about murder and history  

John H. Arnold

in History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776342
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853523.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853523
’Questions about murder and history’ provides an introduction to historiography. Historiography is the study of writing history. History is not simply ‘the past’, and is full of questions. ... More
3. Mobilize and survive: the Republic at war

3. Mobilize and survive: the Republic at war  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The Republic quickly tried to mobilize domestic resources after the uprising in July 1936. International help was not forthcoming with the Non-Intervention Treaty of August 1936. ‘Mobilize ... More
9. Endangered languages

9. Endangered languages  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
By the end of the 21st century, half the languages spoken in the world today may have disappeared. Fewer than 10,000 people speak 52 per cent of languages. Many language communities have ... More
3. Christianity and the Monastic Culture

3. Christianity and the Monastic Culture  

John Blair

in The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776571
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854032.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854032
At the turn of the seventh century, all the English kings and their courts converted to Christianity. In the complex melting pot that was Britain at that time, Christian influences came ... More
4. Struggles for control

4. Struggles for control  

Heather Andrea Williams

in American Slavery: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780199380787
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199922680.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199922680
It took persistent effort on the part of slave owners and their allies to keep slavery in place, to make people work without pay, and to sustain the arguments that justified the forced ... More
Introduction: The stories of American history and why they matter

Introduction: The stories of American history and why they matter  

Eric Avila

in American Cultural History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780190200619
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190200589.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190200589
The book opens in explaining that this very short introduction to American cultural history emphasizes culture as a driving force in American history. Cultural history is the history of ... More
Reading: A Very Short Introduction

Reading: A Very Short Introduction  

Belinda Jack

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2019
Published Online: 
Apr 2019
eISBN: 
9780191860300
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198820581.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198820581
Reading: A Very Short Introduction explores the fascinating history of literacy and the opportunities reading opens. For much of human history reading was the preserve of the ... More
The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction  

Helen Graham

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The Spanish Civil War: Very Short Introduction offers an explanation of the war's origins and course, explores its impact on a personal and international scale, and provides an ... More
4. Voices and silences

4. Voices and silences  

John H. Arnold

in History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776342
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853523.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853523
‘Voices and silences’ examines the use of documentary sources. Archives are systematic repositories of information, used to organize and catalogue sources, which are anything that has left ... More
1. Beginnings

1. Beginnings  

Gary Thomas

in Education: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778278
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643264.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643264
Education comes naturally to us. The clever part of our ability to crystallize and store knowledge is that we can share it, build on it, and pass it on. ‘Beginnings’ defines education, ... More
3. The traditions unfold: ideas into practice

3. The traditions unfold: ideas into practice  

Gary Thomas

in Education: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778278
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199643264.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199643264
It is accepted that both the formal and the progressive traditions of how to educate have some validity. So rather than either–or, the question is: how much of each? ‘The traditions unfold: ... More
2. The pre-Industrial Revolution, 1500–1700

2. The pre-Industrial Revolution, 1500–1700  

Robert C. Allen

in The Industrial Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706786.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
‘The pre-Industrial Revolution, 1500–1700’ uses the cloth industry in Witney, a small Oxfordshire market town, as an example of the many themes of both the pre- and main Industrial ... More
Roman Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Roman Britain: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Peter Salway

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191780721
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712169.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198712169
For four centuries Britain was an integral part of the Roman Empire, a political system stretching from Turkey to Portugal and from the Red Sea to the Tyne and beyond. Roman Britain: A Very ... More

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