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1. Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity

1. Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity’ outlines how the study of elements progressed from ancient Greece to the seventeenth century. The Aristotelian system of elements claimed ... More
1. The problem: what's the matter with causation?

1. The problem: what's the matter with causation?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘The problem: what's the matter with causation?’ asks a philosophical question: what is causation? We have to know what causation is (or at least have some idea of it) before we can start ... More
2. Why trust and trustworthiness matter

2. Why trust and trustworthiness matter  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
A trusted person's life runs more smoothly than a distrusted one's. Trust is a compliment, distrust an insult. However, trust can be a burden when we suspect we're not up for the job or ... More
1. Matter and Metaphysics

1. Matter and Metaphysics  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘Matter and Metaphysics’ explores Descartes' theory that only geometrical properties — length, depth, and breadth — were essential to matter, and that only these properties and motion were ... More
2. Einstein and all that

2. Einstein and all that  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
Physicists are fascinated with gravity, they don't take it for granted. An understanding of gravity is essential to an understanding of the Universe as a whole. ‘Einstein and all that’ ... More
2. Synaesthesia in the brain

2. Synaesthesia in the brain  

Julia Simner

in Synaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2019
Published Online: 
Jun 2019
eISBN: 
9780191813405
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749219.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749219
Advances in brain imaging have revolutionised the study of synaesthesia and have enormous potential in educating us about the aetiology of this unusual condition. Brain scans provide clear ... More
6. What do more intelligent brains look like?

6. What do more intelligent brains look like?  

Ian J. Deary

in Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191837296
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796206.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796206
‘What do more intelligent brains look like?’ considers a study that used data from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 to test the strength of the correlation between the general intelligence ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
Chemistry has always been the science of matter and a technology for creating new things through metamorphosis and transmutation. In 1800 the elements and compounds known to chemistry ... More
7. Exotic nuclei

7. Exotic nuclei  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Exotic nuclei’ discusses halo nuclei, borromean nuclei, hypernuclei, strange matter, and antimatter. Unstable isotopes with a larger excess of neutrons, or an excess of protons may form ... More
5. Changing the state of matter

5. Changing the state of matter  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Changing the state of matter’ considers the transformations states of matter undergo from one form to another during the processes of freezing, boiling, dissolving, and mixing. All such ... More
7. The meaning of life

7. The meaning of life  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Can we question the meaning of life without believing in God? ‘The meaning of life’ questions what a ‘meaningful life’ can be. It is difficult to provide a complete philosophical ... More
6. The material world

6. The material world  

John Gribbin

in Galaxies: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777103
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199234349.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199234349
‘The material world’ explores the nature of matter. The amount of matter in the universe can be estimated by the overall curve of spacetime (Ω). Baryonic matter is actually only a tiny ... More
16. Body

16. Body  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0016
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
Just as Descartes conceived the mind without attributes involving a body as complete, so a conception of body that omits all properties dependent on a mind was also considered complete. ... More
The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction  

William H. Brock

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198716488
From the earliest exploration of natural materials and their transformations to today’s materials science, chemistry has always been the central discipline that underpins both the physical ... More
3. Free choice

3. Free choice  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In 387, Augustine began his treatise on the origins of evil and free choice. He put strong emphasis on the will. Virtue depends on right and rational choices, so happiness lies in loving ... More
3. Philosophy, mind, and science

3. Philosophy, mind, and science  

A. C. Grayling

in Russell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775659
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802583.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802583
‘Philosophy, mind, and science’ considers the questions of method and metaphysics that became important to Bertrand Russell during the course of his work on perception. The philosophy and ... More
6. Testimony

6. Testimony  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
Does listening to other people—or reading what they have written—supply us with knowledge in a unique or distinctive way? Do we need special reasons to trust people in order to gain ... More
Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Trust: A Very Short Introduction  

Katherine Hawley

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199697342
Trust: A Very Short Introduction explores key ideas about trust and distrust. Trust is indispensable, yet it can be damaging. Without trusting others, we cannot function in ... More
Reality: A Very Short Introduction

Reality: A Very Short Introduction  

Jan Westerhoff

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778063
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594412.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199594412
Reality: A Very Short Introduction discusses what reality is by looking at a variety of arguments, theories, and thought-experiments from philosophy, physics, and cognitive ... More
Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction  

Frank A.J.L James

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction explores the life of one of the best-known scientific figures of the nineteenth century. Faraday's achievements — his discovery of ... More

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