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5. Morals, Politics, and Religion

5. Morals, Politics, and Religion  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
Hume's commitment to naturalism underpinned his treatment of morals, politics and religion. ‘Morals, Politics, and Religion’ shows how his belief that ‘ought’ does not follow from ‘is’ ... More
4. Take the money and run

4. Take the money and run  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
‘Take the money and run’ explains the ‘basic trust game’ which is an economic experiment asking participants to make decisions of trust without communicating with others. This test tells ... More
4. Morality and its Discontents

4. Morality and its Discontents  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
Nietzsche's fundamental concern throughout his life was to plot the relationship between suffering and culture, or cultures. ‘Morality and its Discontents’ shows that correlative with this ... More
7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn

7. Discourse ethics II: ethical discourse and the political turn  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas revised his original programme of discourse ethics in the 1990s. Here he drew a distinction between moral, ethical, and practical reason. The significance of the revision lies in ... More
6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality

6. Discourse ethics I: the discourse theory of morality  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Discourse ethics is the normative heart of Habermas's philosophy. In it he develops themes of publicity, inclusiveness, equality, solidarity, justice in terms of the pragmatic meaning ... More
3. Knowledge, belief, and faith

3. Knowledge, belief, and faith  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Knowledge, belief and faith’ explores the link that Locke believed existed between knowledge, faith and morality. Locke thought that knowledge consisted of the union of the simple ideas of ... More
4. Politics and society

4. Politics and society  

A. C. Grayling

in Russell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775659
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802583.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802583
‘Politics and society’ considers Russell's thinking about morality, politics, ethics, and society as outlined in Human Society in Ethics and Politics and the shocking Marriage and Morals, a ... More
Conclusion The importance of being trustworthy

Conclusion The importance of being trustworthy  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
What is more important: trust or trustworthiness? Is trustworthiness valuable for its own sake, or only when it attracts the trust of others? The practice of living up to our commitments, ... More
2. Why trust and trustworthiness matter

2. Why trust and trustworthiness matter  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
A trusted person's life runs more smoothly than a distrusted one's. Trust is a compliment, distrust an insult. However, trust can be a burden when we suspect we're not up for the job or ... More
8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations

8. Institutions, conspiracies, and nations  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
How does our attitude to trust and distrust apply to our relationships with institutions, public figures, or social groups? What is the difference between trusting a politician and trusting ... More
3. Atheist ethics

3. Atheist ethics  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2021
Published Online: 
Aug 2021
eISBN: 
9780191889950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198856795.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198856795
‘Atheist ethics’ argues that atheists are not only capable of leading moral lives, they may even be more able to do so than those who confuse divine law and punishment with right and wrong. ... More
2. The beginning of secular feminism

2. The beginning of secular feminism  

Margaret Walters

in Feminism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776106
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805102.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805102
‘The beginning of secular feminism’ explores the early secular self-assertion of women, and the difficulties and criticisms they encountered. The significant role of Royalist women during ... More
8. Masters and Slaves

8. Masters and Slaves  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
‘Masters and Slaves’ discusses The Genealogy of Morals (GM), a sequel to Beyond Good and Evil. It is Nietzsche's most profound attempt to make sense of suffering, and of how other people ... More
5. Morality without freedom?

5. Morality without freedom?  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Morality without freedom?’ asks whether we can be morally responsible if we are not free. Ordinary moral theory holds people responsible only for actions they can control. Freedom requires ... More
Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction  

Catherine Wilson

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688326
Epicureanism is commonly associated with a carefree view of life and the pursuit of pleasures, particularly of the table. However, it was a complex and distinctive system of philosophy that ... More
6. Knowledge and expertise

6. Knowledge and expertise  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
We need more than good intentions to trust. We also need competence. The knowledge aspect of trust is less morally weighted than the honesty aspect of trust. ‘Knowledge and expertise’ looks ... More
Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Simon Blackburn

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2021
Published Online: 
Jan 2021
eISBN: 
9780191904639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198868101.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198868101
Ethics: A Very Short Introduction highlights the importance of an understanding of approaches to ethics and its foundations. Today, we are confronted with an uncertain world of eroding ... More
2. Some key concepts

2. Some key concepts  

Robin Attfield

in Environmental Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Dec 2018
eISBN: 
9780191838651
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198797166.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198797166
‘Some key concepts’ focuses on the key concepts widely held and pivotal to thinking about environmental ethics. It begins with the concept of nature, ways in which people seek to relate ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

Craig A. Boyd and Kevin Timpe

in The Virtues: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2021
Published Online: 
Mar 2021
eISBN: 
9780191880612
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198845379.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198845379
This concluding chapter highlights some criticisms of the virtues. David Hume and Friedrich Nietzsche both challenged the traditional construal of the virtues and their role. Hume’s ... More
5. The One Thing Needful

5. The One Thing Needful  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
‘The One Thing Needful’ is concerned with the concepts of style, culture, and character. Excerpts from The Gay Science are provided to illustrate Nietzsche's standpoint. What Nietzsche is ... More

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