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9. Starting over

9. Starting over  

Simon Glendinning

in Derrida: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775796
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803450.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803450
‘Starting over’ quotes Derrida on his fears — and implied hopes — for his readers: ‘Because I still like him, I can foresee the impatience of the bad reader: this is the way I name or ... More
10. What is metaphysics?

10. What is metaphysics?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is metaphysics?’ attempts to explain the discipline as trying to understand the fundamental nature of reality. Metaphysics seeks to organize and systematize all these specific truths ... More
1. Life

1. Life  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Life’ provides an overview of how Locke's experiences shaped his philosophy. Locke studied medicine at Oxford, and was later able to bring his scientific background to bear on the ... More
8. Freedom and its place in nature

8. Freedom and its place in nature  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Freedom and its place in nature’ assesses the randomness problem. According to scepticism, there is no middle ground between predeterminism and uncontrollable randomness. Libertarianism ... More
10. Nature and grace

10. Nature and grace  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In reaction against Manicheism, Augustine in his thirties stressed both church authority and individual freedom. Without God's grace to rescue the fallen man, the right path could not be ... More
1. Geography: the world is our stage

1. Geography: the world is our stage  

John A. Matthews and David T. Herbert

in Geography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776946
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199211289.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199211289
‘Geography: the world is our stage’ asks: What is geography? Geography has been important throughout history, and has often been politically or spiritually motivated. The art of mapping is ... More
3. Biological robotics

3. Biological robotics  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
Since the late 1980s, there has been a major shift in the approach of intelligent robots towards what are termed ‘biological inspiration’, or bio-inspired, robots. Bio-inspired means two ... More
1. The nature of humour

1. The nature of humour  

Noël Carroll

in Humour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779886
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199552221.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199552221
Humour is the object of comic amusement. ‘The nature of humour’ reviews the leading theories of that which engenders comic amusement – the superiority theory, the incongruity theory, the ... More
8. The Ethics of Information

8. The Ethics of Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘The ethics of information’ explores the ethical implications of the information revolution. The RPT model states that information can be treated as a resource, a product, or a target. All ... More
3. German Idealism

3. German Idealism  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
How does nature in itself relate to human freedom? ‘German Idealism’ examines how Kant sought to sustain the idea of self-determination by locating freedom in a domain which was not subject ... More
2. Atomic worlds

2. Atomic worlds  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
In Epicureanism, the ‘atom’ is the fundamental element of reality. There is a finite number of different atom shapes, but an infinite number of each shape, which move and congregate in a ... More
4. The calendar and festivals

4. The calendar and festivals  

Norman Solomon

in Judaism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687350.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687350
The key to the Jewish calendar is Nature and the pattern of sunrise and sunset. Temple procedures were scheduled into a day that began at dawn and for other purposes the day began at ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
The ‘Introduction’ outlines the philosophy of Epicureanism and its founder, Epicurus (341–270 bce), and considers why it was so divisive and controversial. It explains how Epicureanism ... More
5. Theatres of the body

5. Theatres of the body  

John Phillips

in The Marquis de Sade: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776038
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804693.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804693
Sade was fascinated with the theatre. Throughout his adult life, he put much enthusiasm into putting on plays and even playing the leading roles himself. Sade wrote more than twenty plays, ... More
Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Locke: A Very Short Introduction  

John Dunn

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803948
Locke: A Very Short Introduction unravels the meaning of John Locke's political thought and his contribution to English ideology. One of the greatest English philosophers of ... More
2. The politics of trust

2. The politics of trust  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘The Politics of Trust’ considers the nature of political authority. Locke initially feared any challenge to the authority of a monarch, because of the danger of disorder, but eventually ... More
1. Foundations: ethics, parables, and fish

1. Foundations: ethics, parables, and fish  

Sabina Knight

in Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195392067
‘Foundations: ethics, parables, and fish’ explores ethical teachings in Chinese literature. The main theme of Chinese literature was the transience of human nature. Writing was seen as a ... More
2. Poetry and poetics: landscapes, allusions, and alcohol

2. Poetry and poetics: landscapes, allusions, and alcohol  

Sabina Knight

in Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195392067
‘Poetry and poetics: landscapes, allusions, and alcohol’ examines Chinese poetry. Poetry was seen as a manifestation of nature's patterns, which appeals to energies beyond the rational ... More
5. Logic and reality

5. Logic and reality  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
Why is logic needed as part of philosophy? This topic has always been controversial. We need logic to make sure that our arguments are sound. In ancient philosophy, logic has the function ... More
17. Teleology

17. Teleology  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle had a teleological view of nature. Natural behaviour and natural structure usually have final causes, but these are constrained by necessity: nature does the best she can ‘in the ... More

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