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9. Starting over

9. Starting over  

Simon Glendinning

in Derrida: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775796
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803450.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803450
‘Starting over’ quotes Derrida on his fears — and implied hopes — for his readers: ‘Because I still like him, I can foresee the impatience of the bad reader: this is the way I name or ... More
10. Nature and grace

10. Nature and grace  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In reaction against Manicheism, Augustine in his thirties stressed both church authority and individual freedom. Without God's grace to rescue the fallen man, the right path could not be ... More
8. Freedom and its place in nature

8. Freedom and its place in nature  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Freedom and its place in nature’ assesses the randomness problem. According to scepticism, there is no middle ground between predeterminism and uncontrollable randomness. Libertarianism ... More
1. Life

1. Life  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Life’ provides an overview of how Locke's experiences shaped his philosophy. Locke studied medicine at Oxford, and was later able to bring his scientific background to bear on the ... More
10. What is metaphysics?

10. What is metaphysics?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is metaphysics?’ attempts to explain the discipline as trying to understand the fundamental nature of reality. Metaphysics seeks to organize and systematize all these specific truths ... More
6. Vagabond reverie

6. Vagabond reverie  

Robert Wokler

in Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775475
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801982.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801982
‘Vagabond reverie’ assesses the inspiration and imagination that shaped Rousseau's work. The New Héloïse was written as a work of fantasy to help him to deal with his unrequited love for ... More
3. How do we know?Hume’s Of Miracles

3. How do we know?: Hume’s Of Miracles  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
Many regard David Hume as the greatest English-speaking philosopher. He was a very intellectual thinker. As well as being a philosopher he was a historian, an economist, and a political ... More
1. The background

1. The background  

Stillman Drake

in Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854568.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854568
‘The background’ gives an explanation of the prevailing scientific doctrine in the time of Galileo. Aristotelian philosophy was the basis of University education from the thirteenth ... More
17. Teleology

17. Teleology  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle had a teleological view of nature. Natural behaviour and natural structure usually have final causes, but these are constrained by necessity: nature does the best she can ‘in the ... More
3. Disillusionment and Withdrawal

3. Disillusionment and Withdrawal  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
‘Disillusionment and Withdrawal’ first considers Untimely Meditations, a collection of four meditations on David Strauss, the practice of historiography, and celebrations of the genius of ... More
1. Reason and BeliefRichness and diversity in Indian thought

1. Reason and Belief: Richness and diversity in Indian thought  

Sue Hamilton

in Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776403
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853745.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853745
India has a very long tradition of philosophical debate which has lasted for two and a half millennia and straddles many diverse religious traditions. Philosophy in India is seen as an ... More
5. Logic and reality

5. Logic and reality  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
Why is logic needed as part of philosophy? This topic has always been controversial. We need logic to make sure that our arguments are sound. In ancient philosophy, logic has the function ... More
11. Change

11. Change  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Unlike Plato’s Forms, which are eternal and unchanging, Aristotle’s substances are temporary and undergo alterations. Aristotle considered there to be four types of change: in respect of ... More
5. Theatres of the body

5. Theatres of the body  

John Phillips

in The Marquis de Sade: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776038
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804693.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804693
Sade was fascinated with the theatre. Throughout his adult life, he put much enthusiasm into putting on plays and even playing the leading roles himself. Sade wrote more than twenty plays, ... More
Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Locke: A Very Short Introduction  

John Dunn

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803948
Locke: A Very Short Introduction unravels the meaning of John Locke's political thought and his contribution to English ideology. One of the greatest English philosophers of ... More
2. The politics of trust

2. The politics of trust  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘The Politics of Trust’ considers the nature of political authority. Locke initially feared any challenge to the authority of a monarch, because of the danger of disorder, but eventually ... More
3. Knowledge, belief, and faith

3. Knowledge, belief, and faith  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Knowledge, belief and faith’ explores the link that Locke believed existed between knowledge, faith and morality. Locke thought that knowledge consisted of the union of the simple ideas of ... More
3. Biological robotics

3. Biological robotics  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
Since the late 1980s, there has been a major shift in the approach of intelligent robots towards what are termed ‘biological inspiration’, or bio-inspired, robots. Bio-inspired means two ... More
2. Atomic worlds

2. Atomic worlds  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
In Epicureanism, the ‘atom’ is the fundamental element of reality. There is a finite number of different atom shapes, but an infinite number of each shape, which move and congregate in a ... More
3. German Idealism

3. German Idealism  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
How does nature in itself relate to human freedom? ‘German Idealism’ examines how Kant sought to sustain the idea of self-determination by locating freedom in a domain which was not subject ... More

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