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1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity

1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
By itself, the question ‘How many languages are there in the world? ’ seems quite a trivial one, the sort to which there ought to be a quite simple answer without much intrinsic interest. ... More
7. Estimates and approximations

7. Estimates and approximations  

Timothy Gowers

in Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776397
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853615.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853615
For many problems it would be miraculous and totally unexpected if somebody were to find a precise formula for the solution. ‘Estimates and approximations’ shows that most of the time one ... More
9. Neodruids and the neopagans

9. Neodruids and the neopagans  

Barry Cunliffe

in Druids: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199539406.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199539406
Whilst 18th-century neodruidic societies embraced the trappings of romantic druidism — occasionally making spurious claims to legitimate descent from the Druids of the Classical world — ... More
1. Matter from the inside

1. Matter from the inside  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Matter from the inside’ shows that one way to understand how a physical chemist thinks and contributes to chemistry is to start at the atom's interior and then travel out into the world of ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Barry Stephenson

in Ritual: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780199394432
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199943524.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199943524
The ‘Introduction’ asks what is ritual? Is ritual useful? What are the various kinds of ritual? It suggests that to think about ritual is to reflect on human nature, sociality, and culture. ... More
4. Easter

4. Easter  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776076
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804990.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804990
‘Easter’ is concerned with the history and complexities of the calculation of the timing of Easter, the commemoration of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and historically the most important ... More
11. Change

11. Change  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Unlike Plato’s Forms, which are eternal and unchanging, Aristotle’s substances are temporary and undergo alterations. Aristotle considered there to be four types of change: in respect of ... More
7. Marking the year

7. Marking the year  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776076
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804990.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804990
‘Marking the year’ considers the different ways years have been marked throughout history and in different cultures. In peasant communities years are frequently identified by notable ... More
2. Logic and philosophy

2. Logic and philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Russell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775659
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802583.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802583
‘Logic and philosophy’ shows that Russell's first truly original philosophical endeavour was to show that mathematics rests on logic. The project failed, but a number of important ... More
4. A combinatorial zoo

4. A combinatorial zoo  

Robin Wilson

in Combinatorics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790324
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723493.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723493
‘A combinatorial zoo’ presents a menagerie of combinatorial topics, ranging from the box (or pigeonhole) principle, the inclusion–exclusion principle, the derangement problem, and the Tower ... More
8. Atoms of symmetry

8. Atoms of symmetry  

Ian Stewart

in Symmetry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778292
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199651986.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199651986
‘Atoms of symmetry’ introduces simple groups, which are the indivisible fragments of finite symmetry groups. A comparison can be made with prime numbers, but molecular structure provides a ... More
2. Its principles: atoms and molecules

2. Its principles: atoms and molecules  

Peter Atkins

in Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782459
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683970.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683970
There are a number of fundamental concepts that are essential to know about in order to understand any account of modern chemistry. ‘Its principles: atoms and molecules’ describes, in very ... More
6. The genotypes of languages

6. The genotypes of languages  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
‘The genotypes of languages ’ considers whether the science of linguistics can provide a better basis for measuring the number of different languages spoken in the world. Instead of ... More
1. How not to think about numbers

1. How not to think about numbers  

Peter M. Higgins

in Numbers: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584055.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584055
‘How not to think about numbers’ examines what numbers represent and outlines different approaches to counting, before explaining the notion of prime numbers and some simple tricks for ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Richard English

in Modern War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199607891.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199607891
There are a number of areas that a study of modern war needs to consider. These are definition, causation, lived experience, and legacy. The Introduction sets out a few questions that this ... More
7. Reconstructing the past and weathering the future

7. Reconstructing the past and weathering the future  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
Tiny microfossils called Foraminifera form calcium carbonate shells that record the δ18O composition of the seawater in which they grew. These microfossils are found in sea bed sediment ... More
Biometrics: A Very Short Introduction

Biometrics: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael Fairhurst

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846731
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198809104.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198809104
Biometrics is the scientific discipline of identifying individuals by means of the measurement of unique personal attributes, such as facial appearance, fingerprints, iris patterning, the ... More
6. Physics invades the periodic table

6. Physics invades the periodic table  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Physics invades the periodic table’ assesses the impact of key discoveries in physics on the understanding of the periodic table. Ernest Rutherford provided evidence for the nuclear ... More
7. The diversity of signed languages

7. The diversity of signed languages  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
‘The diversity of signed languages’ argues that if signed language were simply a pantomimic depiction of the world, there would be no reason to expect to find more than one. However, as ... More
2. How many languages are there in the world?

2. How many languages are there in the world?  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
‘How many languages are there in the world?’ acknowledges the pioneering work of missionary organizations with an interest in translating the Bible in documenting the languages of the ... More

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