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9. City of God

9. City of God  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Around the time that Augustine was ordained, imperial policy passed a series of edicts closing temples and forbidding pagan sacrifices. The effect was a growing dislike of the Church. The ... More
5. Justice

5. Justice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The early church did not execute witches, seeing them as reformable, but in the Middle Ages the campaign against heresy intensified. Reliance on secular power to kill diabolists was ... More
Introduction: defining paganism

Introduction: defining paganism  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
‘Introduction: defining paganism’ emphasizes that the notion of paganism, as generally understood today, was created by the early Christian Church. It was a label Christians applied to ... More
1. The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ

1. The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Augustine was a prolific writer. He was born in ad 354 and died in 430. He lived mostly in Roman North Africa. ‘The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ’ looks at how ... More
7. Unity and division

7. Unity and division  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
After the year 303, in the aftermath of the Great Persecution under Diocletian, the African churches were divided. The Christians of Africa disagreed about whether it was right to commit ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Beth Williamson

in Christian Art: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775772
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803283.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803283
‘Christian art’ is an unusual term in that it does not describe a particular style of art, period, or region, but describes art for a particular range of purposes. The Introduction outlines ... More
2. Heresy

2. Heresy  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
According to ‘Heresy’, historically, political and religious orthodoxy went together. Romans saw witches as ruthless criminals. The early Christian church expressed hostility to magic but ... More
6. Rage

6. Rage  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
In first half of the 17th century, Europe was especially prone to witch-panics fuelled by war, rebellion and economic crisis. Rather than allaying fears, witch-hunts spread them. ‘Rage’ ... More
2. Paganism in retreat

2. Paganism in retreat  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
‘Paganism in retreat’ describes the gradual Christianization of the Roman world. Missionaries were sent into the pagan territories, ideally to live amongst them. To be successful, they had ... More
3. Gods in the North

3. Gods in the North  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
While the leaders of some Germanic tribes converted in the 4th century, it was in northern Europe that non-Christian religions held out the longest against the spread of Christianity. This ... More
8. Culture

8. Culture  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
Witches are archetypes, stored inside individuals but originating in shared cultural sources and activated by similar experiences and emotions. The stereotype of the historic and folkloric ... More
Introduction: initial observations

Introduction: initial observations  

Owen Davies

in Magic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777929
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588022.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588022
What does magic mean to scholars, non-scholars, scientists, writers, primitive societies, and modern cultures? ‘Introduction: initial observations’ asks How do you define magic? The Ancient ... More
3. Malice

3. Malice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
‘Malice’ argues that, while the Scientific Revolution is credited with ending belief in witchcraft, the Industrial Revolution was equally significant, delivering a liberating prosperity. A ... More
1. The ancient world

1. The ancient world  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
According to ‘The ancient world’, burial evidence points to three main models of our earliest religious beliefs: the notion of the earth mother; veneration of the dead, and by extrapolation ... More
Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Augustine: A Very Short Introduction  

Henry Chadwick

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Augustine: A Very Short Introduction traces the development of Augustine's thought, discussing his reaction to the thinkers before him, and themes such as freedom, creation, ... More
Christian Art: A Very Short Introduction

Christian Art: A Very Short Introduction  

Beth Williamson

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775772
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803283.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803283
Christian Art: A Very Short Introduction explores the work of major artists such as Memling, Holbein, El Greco, and Rossetti, and well-known examples including the frescoes of ... More
Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction  

Malcolm Gaskill

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199236954
Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction explores why witches still feature so heavily in our cultures and consciousness. From childhood most of us develop a sense of the ... More
Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Paganism: A Very Short Introduction  

Owen Davies

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199235162
This Very Short Introduction explores the meaning of paganism from the ancient world to the present day through a chronological overview of attitudes towards its practices and ... More

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