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4. Semantic Information

4. Semantic Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Semantic information’ gives a detailed description of several ways of describing semantic information, and outlines problems associated with these methodologies. Unlike the Mathematical ... More
9. Curiosities and dilemmas

9. Curiosities and dilemmas  

John Haigh

in Probability: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777943
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588480.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588480
‘Curiosities and dilemmas’ looks at some unusual probabilistic phenomena, before applying probability theory to modern day issues. It is accepted that a game which favours the house cannot ... More
3. Do you know what I mean?

3. Do you know what I mean?  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
From the very origins of philosophy, philosophers have been especially conscious of the inadequacies and limitations of language. But they have disagreed on whether this reflects a ... More
Special relativity

Special relativity  

Russell Stannard

in Relativity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777134
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236220.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236220
‘Special relativity’ explores the theory of special relativity. The two postulates of relativity state that the laws of nature are identical for all inertial frames of reference, and that ... More
1. What is combinatorics?

1. What is combinatorics?  

Robin Wilson

in Combinatorics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790324
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723493.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723493
Combinatorics can loosely be described as the branch of mathematics concerned with selecting, arranging, constructing, classifying, and counting or listing things. ‘What is combinatorics?’ ... More
8. Social well-being and democratic government

8. Social well-being and democratic government  

Partha Dasgupta

in Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776328
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853455
‘Social well-being and democratic government’ examines the link between government and economics. Democracy is not a sure-fire way to gain economic growth, but a positive correlation does ... More
7. To infinity and beyond!

7. To infinity and beyond!  

Peter M. Higgins

in Numbers: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777820
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584055.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584055
‘To infinity and beyond! explores the nature of infinity. Infinite sets of numbers behave differently from finite sets. Cantor proved that not all infinite sets have equally as many ... More
7. Depression in modern society

7. Depression in modern society  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
No age, gender, or social group is immune to depression and it is a very common human experience. ‘Depression in modern society’ considers the global impact of depression and how major ... More
5. Risky choices

5. Risky choices  

Michelle Baddeley

in Behavioural Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191816475
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754992.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754992
When we decide to cross the road, buy a lottery ticket, or invest our money, the decision involves risk and uncertainty. ‘Risky choices’ looks at how economists usually think of risk as ... More
General relativity

General relativity  

Russell Stannard

in Relativity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777134
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236220.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236220
‘General relativity’ explains Einstein's general theory of relativity, which incorporates gravity and acceleration into special relativity. Galileo discovered the universality of freefall, ... More
Relativity: A Very Short Introduction

Relativity: A Very Short Introduction  

Russell Stannard

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777134
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236220.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199236220
Relativity: A Very Short Introduction makes the theory of relativity understandable and accessible. 100 years ago, Einstein's theory of relativity shattered the world of ... More
5. Self-reference: what is this chapter about?

5. Self-reference: what is this chapter about?  

Graham Priest

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191848513
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811701.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811701
Sometimes things seem deceptively easy when we consider normal cases. With more unusual cases, the simplicity can disappear—as with self-reference. ‘Self-Reference: what is this chapter ... More
3. Permutations and combinations

3. Permutations and combinations  

Robin Wilson

in Combinatorics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790324
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723493.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723493
Permutations and combinations have been studied for thousands of years. ‘Permutations and combinations’ considers selecting objects from a collection, either in a particular order (such as ... More
2. How can we speak of what does not exist?

2. How can we speak of what does not exist?  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
Statements that purportedly refer to something that does not exist, whether fictional or not, have been especially problematic in the history of philosophy. ‘How can we speak of what does ... More
Combinatorics: A Very Short Introduction

Combinatorics: A Very Short Introduction  

Robin Wilson

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790324
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723493.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198723493
Combinatorics is the branch of mathematics concerned with selecting, arranging, and listing or counting collections of objects. Dating back some 3000 years, and initially consisting mainly ... More
1. A brief history

1. A brief history  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
Cosmology may be a relatively new science, but it asks some of the most ancient questions: is the universe infinite? How long has it been around? Will it ever end? ‘A brief history’ charts ... More

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