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9. Gauls and Romans

9. Gauls and Romans  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
‘Gauls and Romans’ observes that, by the time of Caesar's involvement in Gaul, the Romanizing process in the south was already sixty years old and lucrative trading networks existed. When ... More
African Politics: A Very Short Introduction

African Politics: A Very Short Introduction  

Ian Taylor

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844140
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806578.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198806578
African Politics: A Very Short Introduction explores how politics is practised on the African continent, providing an overview of the different states and their systems. It ... More
3. Living nobly

3. Living nobly  

William Doyle

in Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776908
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206780.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199206780
‘Living nobly’ surveys the elements of aristocratic life. Land was of central importance for the nobility, freeing them from the need for gainful employment and allowing them to dominate ... More
4. The primacy of patronage politics

4. The primacy of patronage politics  

Ian Taylor

in African Politics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844140
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806578.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806578
A great number of post-colonial African countries, bounded by formal frontiers and with an international presence at various international institutions such as the United Nations, function ... More
2. Myths and beliefs

2. Myths and beliefs  

William Doyle

in Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776908
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206780.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199206780
‘Myths and beliefs’ looks at how nobles created an idealized identity for themselves. Few aristocracies predated early-medieval times, but more ancient origins were often claimed. ... More
4. Impacts and legacies

4. Impacts and legacies  

William Doyle

in Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776908
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206780.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199206780
‘Impacts and legacies’ shows how aristocrats influenced the rest of society. They both expected and received deference from their social inferiors. In economic terms, they supported sectors ... More
1. What is corruption?

1. What is corruption?  

Leslie Holmes

in Corruption: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689699.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689699
Traditionally, corruption refers to moral impurity, but the concept of corruption has changed over time and varies across cultures and different jurisdictions working with varying ... More
IntroductionEndings and Beginnings

Introduction: Endings and Beginnings  

Elaine Treharne

in Medieval Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782367
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668496.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668496
The ‘Introduction’ explains that medieval literature in Britain and Ireland spans over a thousand years from the Fall of Rome in c.410 ce to the shifting tides of the Renaissance in the ... More
5. Towns and trade

5. Towns and trade  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
Knowledge about the growth of towns in the Viking Age has changed the popular image of Vikings, emphasizing their identity as traders and manufacturers. ‘Towns and trade’ looks at the ... More
Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction

Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction  

William Doyle

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776908
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206780.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199206780
Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction shows how ideas of aristocracy originated in ancient times, were transformed in the middle ages, and have only fallen apart over the last ... More
2. Textual production and performance

2. Textual production and performance  

Elaine Treharne

in Medieval Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782367
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668496.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668496
‘Textual production and performance’ charts the development of the written work from medieval documents handwritten on animal skins by scribes through to the cheaper and more commercial ... More
1. A global Renaissance

1. A global Renaissance  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
Classical definitions of the Renaissance celebrate the achievements of European civilization above all others. ‘A global Renaissance’ situates the Renaissance within the wider intellectual ... More

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