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3. How physics works

3. How physics works  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
Today, physics is firmly grounded in classical physics, which accurately describes much of our immediate and relatively nearby world, the mid-range scale of the cosmos; and in modern ... More
1. The problem: what's the matter with causation?

1. The problem: what's the matter with causation?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘The problem: what's the matter with causation?’ asks a philosophical question: what is causation? We have to know what causation is (or at least have some idea of it) before we can start ... More
17. The Physics made Public

17. The Physics made Public  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
The Principles of Philosophy summarized Descartes' metaphysics before turning to physics. The rules of impact were introduced and motion defined in a way that distanced Descartes from the ... More
Introduction: the Greek way

Introduction: the Greek way  

J. L. Heilbron

in The History of Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191782435
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684120.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684120
The Introduction explains that Greek physics—physica—with its eye to ethics, its indifference to mathematics and experiment, and its independence of states and courts, is noticeably ... More
16. Evidence and Theory

16. Evidence and Theory  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0016
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Evidence and Theory’ argues that Aristotle’s account of the world is wholly exploded, mostly because sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scientists applied quantitative methods in studying ... More
11. Change

11. Change  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Unlike Plato’s Forms, which are eternal and unchanging, Aristotle’s substances are temporary and undergo alterations. Aristotle considered there to be four types of change: in respect of ... More
10. Centaurs and other animals

10. Centaurs and other animals  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘Centaurs and other animals’ examines the final decade of Newton's life. Newton continued his relentless pursuit of religious truth: massive drafts on early church history survive, many ... More
6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology

6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
‘Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology’ examines three philosophical questions that are specific to particular sciences. First, the debate between Gottfried Leibniz and ... More
4. Physics applied and extended

4. Physics applied and extended  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
‘Physics applied and extended’ considers how foundational physical concepts and theories apply broadly across science and serve as a basis for technology and its industrial use. Instruments ... More
9. The new Void

9. The new Void  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
Today, modern physics suggests that it is possible that the universe could have emerged out of the vacuum. The idea is that our universe could be a gigantic quantum fluctuation with total ... More
7. The Suppressed Physics

7. The Suppressed Physics  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘The Suppressed Physics’ focuses on Descartes' third project — a large-scale treatise that would outline a unified explanation of all natural phenomena. This was published only after ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
The Epilogue concludes with a brief look at some of the exciting, and more positive, aspects of chemistry since the 1960s: the use of computers to study perfect three-dimensional structural ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Timothy Clifton

in Gravity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191795862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198729143.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198729143
Our understanding of gravity has developed rapidly over the past century. This began with Einstein’s revolutionary new theory and continued with sustained developments in both our ... More
7. Some more high spotsA personal selection

7. Some more high spots: A personal selection  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
A selection of the best of philosophical thinking is always going to be personal. ‘Some more high points’ presents a list of favourite moments in philosophical thinking: Descartes' ... More
10. Questions for the 21st century

10. Questions for the 21st century  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Questions for the 21st century’ looks at current trends in particle physics research. Up to 90% of the matter in the universe remains undetected, and many theories exist to explain what ... More
8. High-temperature superconductivity

8. High-temperature superconductivity  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
By the start of the 1980s, superconductivity had lost much of its lustre. The record transition temperature of 23.2K had stood since 1973, and the BCS theory provided little hope of finding ... More
Why causation?

Why causation?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘Why causation?’ introduces the reader to one of the core topics in philosophy, but which is important to everyone whether a scientist, social scientist, or philosopher. The key theories of ... More
Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction

Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Samir Okasha

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198745587
What is science? Is science objective? Can science explain everything? Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction explores the main themes and theories of contemporary philosophy of ... More
6. Future physics: unanswered questions

6. Future physics: unanswered questions  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
Today, physics can look back at recent breakthroughs at all scales, small to large, and in all its usages, pure to applied, such as the discovery of the predicted Higgs boson and the ... More
6. The Structure of the Sciences

6. The Structure of the Sciences  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle did not share Plato’s belief that all knowledge could be founded upon a single set of axioms. ‘The Structure of the Sciences’ shows that Aristotle divided knowledge into three ... More

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