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1. What is public health?

1. What is public health?  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘What is public health?’ explains that public health is a very broad concept with changing or varying definitions over time and in different countries. In its narrowest sense, it refers to ... More
6. Tropical and international public health

6. Tropical and international public health  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘Tropical and international public health’ considers the establishment of tropical public health tied to colonial concerns before World War I; the influence of missionary medicine; and ... More
2. Smallpox

2. Smallpox  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
The world was declared smallpox-free in 1980, but this endemic and pandemic disease had killed hundreds of millions of people over the preceding millennium. Smallpox was first described in ... More
Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Public Health: A Very Short Introduction  

Virginia Berridge

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688463
Public Health: A Very Short Introduction explores the areas that fall under the remit of public health, and explains how the individual histories of different countries have ... More
9. From epidemiology to medicine, prevention, and public health

9. From epidemiology to medicine, prevention, and public health  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
Epidemiology is an essential component of all public health activities that implement the organized efforts of society to promote, protect, and restore health. These comprise: clinical ... More
4. Medicine in the community

4. Medicine in the community  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the community’ examines the rise of public health in the nineteenth century, with its new concepts of state directives on healthcare and mass treatment and prevention ... More
4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s

4. Sanitation to education: 1800–1900s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
A key period for public health came with the rise of the ‘modern state’ in the 19th century. Rapid economic growth and mass urbanization coincided with high mortality from infectious ... More
HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction

HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Alan Whiteside

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198727491
HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction provides an introduction to AIDS—the most serious human epidemic in centuries—tackling the science, politics, demographics, and devastating ... More
3. The origins of public health into the 1700s

3. The origins of public health into the 1700s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
Public health cannot be understood without a knowledge of its history. ‘The origins of public health into the 1700s’ considers the earliest roots of public health, 4,000 years ago in ... More
5. Public health

5. Public health  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Public health’ looks at the measures taken by governments to protect the public from epidemics. By the end of the fifteenth century, basic defence mechanisms and the rationale of plague ... More
4. Cholera

4. Cholera  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
Cholera is caused by ingesting water contaminated with infected fecal matter. The disease spreads easily. Seven cholera pandemics have traveled the globe, the first starting in India in ... More
5. Production and people

5. Production and people  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘Production and people’ examines the socioeconomic impact of AIDS, predicted to decrease economic growth. Yet many countries have nonetheless continued to grow. The effect on the private ... More
Social Work: A Very Short Introduction

Social Work: A Very Short Introduction  

Sally Holland and Jonathan Scourfield

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785221
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708452.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198708452
Social workers spend their time trying to ease social suffering. They encounter the extreme casualties of social inequality: the victims of poverty, illness, addiction, and abuse; they work ... More
7. Present and future in the light of history

7. Present and future in the light of history  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
‘Present and future in the light of history’ outlines some possibilities for future public health and discusses some emergent as well as long-standing issues. A 2015 enquiry showed that ... More
Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction  

Rodolfo Saracci

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199543335
Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction explains what epidemiology is and its importance to the discovery, control, and prevention of disease in world populations. It looks at ... More
2. Current challenges

2. Current challenges  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
What is the overall context within which public health is operating? What has been happening to the health of the public? ‘Current challenges’ considers the many challenges facing public ... More
7. Treatment and prevention dilemmas

7. Treatment and prevention dilemmas  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
AIDS is still a major threat. ‘Treatment and prevention dilemmas’ shows that prevention and public health programmes are the most cost-effective way to health. HIV infection is preventable ... More
6. Enduring images

6. Enduring images  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Enduring images’ examines the depiction of plague in art and literature to understand how the disease was imagined in the past. Images of plague have a continuous history, invented and ... More
6. Influenza

6. Influenza  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
The influenza that swept across the globe in three waves in 1918–1919 was the worst pandemic in history since the Black Death. Pandemic influenza had erupted before—most recently and ... More
5. The rise of lifestyle: 1900–1980s

5. The rise of lifestyle: 1900–1980s  

Virginia Berridge

in Public Health: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785481
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688463.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688463
Public health underwent further redefinition during the 20th century. The focus on mothers and babies heightened during World War I, and after the war a ‘public health empire’ developed in ... More

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