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7. Quantum waves

7. Quantum waves  

Mike Goldsmith

in Waves: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191842092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198803782.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198803782
At the beginning of the 20th century, the wave theory of light was facing insuperable problems. The ultimate death blow was Einstein’s explanation of the photoelectric effect. ‘Quantum ... More
3. How we learn what things are made of, and what we found

3. How we learn what things are made of, and what we found  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘How we learn what things are made of, and what we found’ outlines methods of determining atomic structure. We cannot see atoms with our eyes, as visible light has too long a wavelength to ... More
4. Further developments

4. Further developments  

John Polkinghorne

in Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775598
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802521.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802521
‘Further developments’ outlines some of the insights provided during the long developmental period after the mid-1920s in which the implications of quantum theory were explored and ... More
3. Powerful forces

3. Powerful forces  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Why do atomic nuclei exist at all? A large nucleus contains many protons in close proximity. Why do these protons, all with the same electrical charge, not mutually repel? ‘Powerful forces’ ... More
8. Quantum mechanics

8. Quantum mechanics  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Quantum mechanics’ shows how Bohr’s quantum theory was a stepping stone for the development of quantum mechanics. Bohr’s quantum theory worked well in single electron systems, but not in ... More
5. Physical Information

5. Physical Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘Physical information’ explores the relationship between physics and metaphysics with regards to the nature of information. Information theory and processes seem to have physical ... More
5. Togetherness

5. Togetherness  

John Polkinghorne

in Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775598
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802521.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802521
‘Togetherness’ reviews Einstein's thought experiments, each of which purported in some way to circumvent the limitations of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and Niels Bohr's success in ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
The Epilogue concludes with a brief look at some of the exciting, and more positive, aspects of chemistry since the 1960s: the use of computers to study perfect three-dimensional structural ... More
3. How physics works

3. How physics works  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
Today, physics is firmly grounded in classical physics, which accurately describes much of our immediate and relatively nearby world, the mid-range scale of the cosmos; and in modern ... More
7. Electronic structure

7. Electronic structure  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Electronic structure’ examines the work that went into determining the properties of electrons in atoms. Quantum theory was devised by Max Planck in 1900, and was applied to hydrogen atoms ... More
7. Exotic nuclei

7. Exotic nuclei  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Exotic nuclei’ discusses halo nuclei, borromean nuclei, hypernuclei, strange matter, and antimatter. Unstable isotopes with a larger excess of neutrons, or an excess of protons may form ... More
4. The eightfold path: organizing the elements

4. The eightfold path: organizing the elements  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The eightfold path: organizing the elements’ explains the history and rationale of the Periodic Table. Atomic theory was not fully accepted until Jean Perrin proved the existence of atoms ... More
4. Electric blue

4. Electric blue  

Christopher Hall

in Materials: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781247
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672677.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672677
‘Electric blue’ is concerned with electricity that can drive devices and machines to produce light, sound, and movement, and the appearance of materials, which can be transparent, opaque, ... More
2. Nuclear alchemy

2. Nuclear alchemy  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Nuclear alchemy’ outlines the further discoveries of protons (the carriers of positive charge in atoms) by Ernest Rutherford and neutrons (particles with no electrical charge) by James ... More
7. The forces of Nature

7. The forces of Nature  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘The forces of nature’ examines the forces which act on a subatomic level. Four fundamental forces rule the universe: gravity, electromagnetic force, and the strong and weak forces. Gravity ... More
Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction  

John Polkinghorne

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775598
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802521.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192802521
Quantum Theory is the most revolutionary discovery in physics since Newton. Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction gives a lucid, exciting, and accessible account of the surprising and ... More
1. It all began with the Greeks

1. It all began with the Greeks  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
From consumer devices to research at the edge of the unknown, physics is woven into our daily activities, our civilization, and our highest aspirations. It is a foundational science that is ... More
3. Doesn’t science show there is no objectivity?

3. Doesn’t science show there is no objectivity?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Doesn't science show there is no objectivity?’ examines developments in science thought to show that everything is relative to the observer, and hence that objectivity is impossible. It ... More
6. Synthesis

6. Synthesis  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
‘Synthesis’ considers how the shape and scale of chemistry has been transformed since the start of the 20th century. A series of world wars; a shift from coal to oil as the feedstock for ... More
The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction

The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Eric R. Scerri

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198842323
The periodic table of elements provides an arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. The Periodic ... More

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