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2. Atmospheric physics

2. Atmospheric physics  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
Earth’s atmosphere is tied closely with the Sun. The Sun emits electromagnetic radiation at a wide range of wavelengths. Radiation is transported through the atmosphere by transmission, ... More
5. Atmospheric measurements

5. Atmospheric measurements  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
Measurements of the atmosphere improve the performance weather forecasts, underpin our understanding of Earth’s changing environment, and help inform climate models that are used to look at ... More
5. Nuclear safety

5. Nuclear safety  

Maxwell Irvine

in Nuclear Power: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777875
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584970.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584970
‘ Nuclear safety’ explains the risks associated with the use and production of nuclear power and responds to some of the concerns frequently raised. We can rule out the possibility of a ... More
Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction  

Claudio Tuniz

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199692422
Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction explains radioactivity and discusses its fundamental role in nature. Radioactivity remains misunderstood and feared perhaps because ... More
2. Unlimited energy?

2. Unlimited energy?  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Unlimited energy?’ shows that the Earth produces a vast amount of energy through natural radiation. Geothermal power generation can harness this energy and 40 countries in Africa, Central ... More
6. The Earth’s heat

6. The Earth’s heat  

William Lowrie

in Geophysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191834707
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198792956.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198792956
The Earth’s internal heat is its greatest source of energy. It powers global geological processes such as plate tectonics and the generation of the geomagnetic field. ‘The Earth’s heat’ ... More
3. How we learn what things are made of, and what we found

3. How we learn what things are made of, and what we found  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘How we learn what things are made of, and what we found’ outlines methods of determining atomic structure. We cannot see atoms with our eyes, as visible light has too long a wavelength to ... More
4. Radiation and radioactivity in medicine

4. Radiation and radioactivity in medicine  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Radiation and radioactivity in medicine’ looks at X-ray radiography advances and the impact of digital and computer technology on medical imaging and treatments. Imaging techniques ... More
3. Food and water

3. Food and water  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Food and water’ shows how ionising radiation is used to improve food properties and agricultural products, and control pests. Gamma rays and electron beams are used to sterilize seeds, ... More
2. Studying minerals

2. Studying minerals  

David Vaughan

in Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682843.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682843
The study of minerals begins with their characterization, identification, and classification determined from their chemical compositions and crystallographic properties. ‘Studying minerals’ ... More
8. Tracing human origins and history

8. Tracing human origins and history  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Tracing human origins and history’ shows how radioactivity-based geochronometers and advanced radiation-based microscopes have answered many questions about human ancestors. Argon-argon ... More
6. Fear of radioactivity

6. Fear of radioactivity  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Fear of radioactivity’ highlights the nuclear dilemma. Ever since the 1945 Hiroshima explosion, the risk of nuclear fallout and the threat of radiological terrorism are set against the ... More
5. Radioactive gadgets and gauges

5. Radioactive gadgets and gauges  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Radioactive gadgets and gauges’ illustrates how industry has been using radioactive tracers and radiation-based devices to solve problems for more than 60 years. In space exploration, ... More
6. Detectors: cameras and time machines

6. Detectors: cameras and time machines  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Detectors: cameras and time machines’ explores methods of investigating particles. Early methods for detecting particles used scintillating material which flashed on contact with ... More
6. Electromagnetic waves

6. Electromagnetic waves  

Mike Goldsmith

in Waves: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191842092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198803782.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198803782
‘Electromagnetic waves’ considers the history of the scientific investigation into the electromagnetic spectrum, including Einstein’s insight into the quantized nature of electromagnetic ... More
6. Sources of radiation

6. Sources of radiation  

A. M. Glazer

in Crystallography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Mar 2016
eISBN: 
9780191787072
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717591.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717591
To observe diffraction from crystals it is necessary to have a source of radiation whose wavelength is of the same order as the atomic spacings. ‘Sources of radiation’ shows that the ... More
3. Atmospheric motion

3. Atmospheric motion  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
Solar activity is the main driver for Earth’s large-scale atmospheric motion. Due to the Earth’s tilt, lower latitudes receive more energy from the Sun that they emit back to space, while ... More
1. Planet Earthin a nutshell

1. Planet Earth: in a nutshell  

Bill McGuire

in Global Catastrophes: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191784088
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715931.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715931
Earth is the most dynamic planet in our solar system, but the very same geophysical features that make our world so life-giving and life-preserving also make it dangerous. ‘Planet Earth: in ... More
Waves: A Very Short Introduction

Waves: A Very Short Introduction  

Mike Goldsmith

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191842092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198803782.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198803782
We live in a world of waves. The Earth shakes to its foundations, the seas and oceans tremble incessantly, sounds reverberate through land, sea, and air. Beneath the skin, our brains and ... More
9. Fixing climate change

9. Fixing climate change  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Can we do anything to fix climate change? ‘Fixing climate change’ considers three ways we can help stabilize climate change: ‘mitigation’ or reduction of the amount of carbon we emit; ... More

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