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1. A new science is born

1. A new science is born  

Maxwell Irvine

in Nuclear Power: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777875
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584970.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584970
By the end of the nineteenth century, it was clear that matter had an atomic structure, but the precise structure of the atoms and the reasons for their exact masses were a complete ... More
5. The atom factories: making new elements

5. The atom factories: making new elements  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The atom factories: making new elements’ explores the synthesis of new elements. The transmutation of new elements is only possible due to radioactivity. Rutherford discovered that ... More
6. Fear of radioactivity

6. Fear of radioactivity  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Fear of radioactivity’ highlights the nuclear dilemma. Ever since the 1945 Hiroshima explosion, the risk of nuclear fallout and the threat of radiological terrorism are set against the ... More
1. The fly in the cathedral

1. The fly in the cathedral  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘The fly in the cathedral’ charts the discovery of the nuclear atom and the start of modern atomic and nuclear physics. It began in 1895 with the discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Roentgen and ... More
8. Applied nuclear physics

8. Applied nuclear physics  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Nuclear physics is a rich and active field. The large amounts of latent energy within the nuclei of atoms can be liberated in nuclear reactors. Together with nuclear weapons, this is the ... More
8. Exotic matter (and antimatter)

8. Exotic matter (and antimatter)  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Exotic matter (and antimatter)’ investigates the existence of different generations of particles. In the middle of the twentieth century, cosmic rays provided a source of quarks that had ... More
1. Opening the nuclear Pandora’s box

1. Opening the nuclear Pandora’s box  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Opening the nuclear Pandora's box’ takes us through the history of the discovery of radioactivity starting from the French laboratories of Henri Becquerel and Marie and Pierre Curie in the ... More
4. Radiation and radioactivity in medicine

4. Radiation and radioactivity in medicine  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Radiation and radioactivity in medicine’ looks at X-ray radiography advances and the impact of digital and computer technology on medical imaging and treatments. Imaging techniques ... More
1. The origin of life

1. The origin of life  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of life’ hows that from the earliest days people have wondered about the origins of life. The discovery of radioactivity and radioactive decay of elements paved the way for ... More
2. The origin of sex

2. The origin of sex  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of sex’ begins with John Maynard Smith who suggested that the advantage of sexual reproduction was that sex shuffles genes more effectively than parthenogenesis, introducing ... More
Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction  

Frank Close

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction gives an account of how this area of physics has progressed since the discovery of the electron at the end of the 19th century, which ... More
2. Nuclear alchemy

2. Nuclear alchemy  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Nuclear alchemy’ outlines the further discoveries of protons (the carriers of positive charge in atoms) by Ernest Rutherford and neutrons (particles with no electrical charge) by James ... More
Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction  

Claudio Tuniz

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199692422
Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction explains radioactivity and discusses its fundamental role in nature. Radioactivity remains misunderstood and feared perhaps because ... More
6. From old world to new

6. From old world to new  

J. L. Heilbron

in The History of Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191782435
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684120.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684120
‘From old world to new’ looks at the legacies of World War I, and how the discovery of the importance of physics for national defence and industrial development changed the direction of ... More
3. Modern breakthroughs and revolutions

3. Modern breakthroughs and revolutions  

Jan Zalasiewicz

in Geology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191842771
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804451.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804451
The early geologists built a detailed relative history of the Earth, much of which holds true today, but they had no idea of how long that history was in years. ‘Modern breakthroughs and ... More

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