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5. Superconnectors

5. Superconnectors  

Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro

in Networks: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777936
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588077.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588077
‘Superconnectors’ compares homogeneous networks, where all nodes have more or less the same degree, and heterogeneous networks, where hubs, or superconnectors, are present. In homogeneous ... More
6. Scepticism about libertarian freedom

6. Scepticism about libertarian freedom  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Scepticism about libertarian freedom’ explores libertarian freedom. Self-determination appears to take the form of freedom, but is freedom possible? Libertarianism says that when free ... More
8. Freedom and its place in nature

8. Freedom and its place in nature  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Freedom and its place in nature’ assesses the randomness problem. According to scepticism, there is no middle ground between predeterminism and uncontrollable randomness. Libertarianism ... More
2. A fruitful approach

2. A fruitful approach  

Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro

in Networks: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777936
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588077.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588077
‘A fruitful approach’ shows how the vertices and edges of graphs identify relations between things and how Jacob Moreno became the first to apply this to the analysis of social networks ... More
1. The free will problem

1. The free will problem  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘The free will problem’ explores a dilemma which has puzzled philosophers for centuries. Common sense dictates that we can control our actions, but can we? The answer lies in understanding ... More
8. Perfect storms in networks

8. Perfect storms in networks  

Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro

in Networks: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777936
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588077.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588077
‘Perfect storms in networks’ shows that the range of possible dynamics in networks is enormous. Domino effects, co-extinctions, cascading failures, breakdown avalanches, systemic failure of ... More
7. Digging deeper into networks

7. Digging deeper into networks  

Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro

in Networks: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777936
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588077.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588077
‘Digging deeper into networks’ shows that to capture the more subtle structure of networks one has to find measures that describe the surroundings of a node — degree distribution is not ... More
5. Random walks and Brownian motion

5. Random walks and Brownian motion  

Kenneth J. Falconer

in Fractals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199675982.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199675982
‘Random walks and Brownian motion’ looks at how fractals can be generated by random events. In mathematics, the ‘random walk’ is a graph where the direction of the next point in relation to ... More
7. Applications in science, medicine, and operations research

7. Applications in science, medicine, and operations research  

John Haigh

in Probability: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777943
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588480.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588480
‘Applications in science, medicine, and operations research’ applies theories of probability to a range of different subject areas. Brownian motion of particles in liquid was explained by ... More
4. Connected and close

4. Connected and close  

Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro

in Networks: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777936
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588077.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588077
‘Connected and close’ shows almost all the elements of networks take part in one large connected structure, called a giant connected component. Almost every node has a path of connections ... More
4. Probability

4. Probability  

David J. Hand

in Statistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777097
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199233564.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233564
‘Probability’ examines how statistics deals with uncertainty. In probability calculus events are assigned a number between zero and one based on the degree of belief about their likelihood. ... More
Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Free Will: A Very Short Introduction  

Thomas Pink

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853585
Free Will: A Very Short Introduction asks: Are our choices really free? Every day we seem to make and act upon all kinds of free choices. Are these choices ours, or are we ... More
Fractals: A Very Short Introduction

Fractals: A Very Short Introduction  

Kenneth Falconer

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199675982.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199675982
Fractals: A Very Short Introduction looks at the roots of the ‘fractal revolution’ that occurred in mathematics in the 20th century. It presents the ‘new geometry’ of fractals, ... More
1. Fundamentals

1. Fundamentals  

John Haigh

in Probability: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777943
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588480.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588480
‘Fundamentals’ outlines the scope of probability and outlines some basic approaches to determining it. Probability is the formalisation of the study of the notion of uncertainty. There are ... More
Networks: A Very Short Introduction

Networks: A Very Short Introduction  

Guido Caldarelli and Michele Catanzaro

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777936
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588077.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199588077
Networks: A Very Short Introduction considers the basic elements of network theory and its applications using everyday examples from society, technology, nature, and history. ... More
6. What works for dyslexia?

6. What works for dyslexia?  

Margaret J. Snowling

in Dyslexia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2019
Published Online: 
May 2019
eISBN: 
9780191859496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198818304.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198818304
There is no ‘quick fix’ or cure for dyslexia; it is a lifelong condition. Nevertheless, there are ways of helping to improve reading and spelling as well as ways to get around some of the ... More
5. Measurement in the behavioural sciences

5. Measurement in the behavioural sciences  

David J. Hand

in Measurement: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191824609
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779568.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779568
Concepts of measurement in psychology are particularly noteworthy for having encountered scepticism. While people have been happy to accept that psychological attributes can be compared, ... More
8. Mapping health and disease

8. Mapping health and disease  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
Intervention studies and observational studies are known as analytical studies. ‘Mapping health and disease’ emphasizes that these are generally preceded and followed by descriptive studies ... More
Probability: A Very Short Introduction

Probability: A Very Short Introduction  

John Haigh

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777943
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588480.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199588480
Probability: A Very Short Introduction explores ideas of probability and the different philosophical approaches to it. It provides a brief account of the history of development ... More

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