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4. ‘Early Romantic’ philosophy

4. ‘Early Romantic’ philosophy  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
If all truth is relative, then the proposition is also relative that all truth is relative. So how does one sustain a sense of the Absolute which would enable one to avoid this paradox? ... More
3. Reason

3. Reason  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Reason’ investigates the effect of reason on compatibilism. Compatibilism comes from two sources: the rationalist conception of freedom (which links freedom with reason), and the ... More
2. The linguistic turn

2. The linguistic turn  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘The linguistic turn’ examines the treatment of language in German philosophy. Before Kant wrote his most important texts, there were philosophers in Germany for whom language was crucial. ... More
1. Kant and modernity

1. Kant and modernity  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Kant and modernity’ argues that Kant's philosophy has to be grasped as part of the larger historical picture of which it is an expression. This is because the assumption that things have a ... More
8. Transcendental philosophy

8. Transcendental philosophy  

Roger Scruton

in Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801999
Kant's immediate successors regarded Kant as having changed the course of philosophy. However, even during his lifetime, the intellectual world was torn by controversy over the meaning of ... More
3. Radical philosophythe 18th century

3. Radical philosophy: the 18th century  

Stephen Gaukroger and Knox Peden

in French Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2020
Published Online: 
Jul 2020
eISBN: 
9780191867613
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829171.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829171
Cartesian rationalism was challenged in the French public imagination by the theories of John Locke. ‘Radical philosophy: the eighteenth century’ looks at how philosophers like d’Alembert ... More
2. Origins of Continental Philosophy: How to get from Kant to German Idealism

2. Origins of Continental Philosophy: How to get from Kant to German Idealism  

Simon Critchley

in Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776373
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853592.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853592
‘Origins of Continental Philosophy: How to get from Kant to German Idealism’ considers the historical development of Continental philosophy, beginning by distinguishing it from analytic ... More
3. The transcendental deduction

3. The transcendental deduction  

Roger Scruton

in Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801999
Kant asks: how is synthetic a priori knowledge possible? His answer to this question contains two parts, one of which is subjective and the other objective. ‘The transcendental deduction’ ... More
3. Rationalism and empiricism

3. Rationalism and empiricism  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
‘Rationalism and empiricism’ considers the different ways of thinking about nature that emerged in the Early Modern period, illustrated by René Descartes' rationalism and John Locke's ... More
German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction  

Andrew Bowie

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199569250
German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction discusses the idea that that German philosophy forms one of the most revealing responses to the problems of ‘modernity’, addressing ... More
7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion  

Patrick Gardiner

in Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775635
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802569.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802569
Kierkegaard's thought offered challenge to various intellectual tendencies of his age, especially those that aimed to reduce the doctrinal aspects of Christianity to terms that made it ... More
13. The Theologians and the God of Physics

13. The Theologians and the God of Physics  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
The arguments of the Meditations were supposed to lay foundations for physics that would be acceptable to the theologians but actually sparked heated academic and theological debate in ... More
4. Post-Revolutionary philosophythe 19th century and the Third Republic

4. Post-Revolutionary philosophy: the 19th century and the Third Republic  

Stephen Gaukroger and Knox Peden

in French Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2020
Published Online: 
Jul 2020
eISBN: 
9780191867613
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829171.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829171
After the French Revolution, philosophy and the rapid rise of individualism were blamed for the bloodshed. ‘Post-Revolutionary philosophy: the nineteenth century and the Third Republic’ ... More
5. Some themes

5. Some themes  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2020
Published Online: 
Sep 2020
eISBN: 
9780191894336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198861775.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198861775
‘Some themes’ looks in more detail at some of the topics explored by Plato, Hume, and the author of ‘Milinda’s Questions’—ethical consequentialism (what happens as a result of someone’s ... More
2. The background of Kant's thought

2. The background of Kant's thought  

Roger Scruton

in Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801999
The Critique of Pure Reason is the most important work of philosophy written in modern times. ‘The background of Kant's thought’ presents, with as few technicalities as possible, an ... More
KnowledgeA Very Short Introduction

Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction  

Jennifer Nagel

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199661268
What is knowledge? How does it differ from mere belief? Do you need to be able to justify a claim in order to count as knowing it? Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction considers these ... More
Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Kant: A Very Short Introduction  

Roger Scruton

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192801999
Kant: A Very Short Introduction tackles this exceptionally complex subject, exploring the background to Kant's work and showing why the Critique of Pure Reason has proved so ... More

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