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2. Fungal diversity

2. Fungal diversity  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘Fungal diversity’ considers three species that illustrate the spectacular range of structural complexity found among fungi: Olpidium brassicae, Spirodactylon aureum, and Sphaerobolus ... More
10. Regeneration

10. Regeneration  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
Regeneration is the ability of the fully developed organism to replace tissues, organs, and appendages. ‘Regeneration’ distinguishes between two types of regeneration: epimorphosis where ... More
5. Marine life in the tropics

5. Marine life in the tropics  

Philip V. Mladenov

in Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695058
The areas where the surface waters are consistently warm at around 20oC or more are considered tropical marine environments. ‘Marine life in the tropics’ looks at the biological composition ... More
3. Making more plants

3. Making more plants  

Timothy Walker

in Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777837
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584062.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584062
‘Making more plants’ discusses the two main processes of reproduction in plants. Firstly, vegetative, or asexual, reproduction which is simple in that only one plant is required to make ... More
2. The biology of mammals

2. The biology of mammals  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
In order to understand mammals and their amazing variety, we must first learn about their shared biology. ‘The biology of mammals’ first considers how and why mammals stay warm and active. ... More
3. Heredity in the early modern world, 1450–1700

3. Heredity in the early modern world, 1450–1700  

John Waller

in Heredity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191831706
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198790457.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198790457
‘Heredity in the early modern world, 1450–1700’ outlines several factors that gave the concept of inheritance a new salience during this period. First, a period of renewed excitement about ... More
6. Herbivorous mammals

6. Herbivorous mammals  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
Compared to a predator’s diet, plant food has two great advantages: it is abundant and it does not run away. ‘Herbivorous mammals’ explains how these advantages are matched by difficulties: ... More
2. The origin of sex

2. The origin of sex  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of sex’ begins with John Maynard Smith who suggested that the advantage of sexual reproduction was that sex shuffles genes more effectively than parthenogenesis, introducing ... More
1. What is a fungus?

1. What is a fungus?  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
‘What is a fungus?’ explores the evolutionary origins of fungi and how they differ from plants and animals. The fungi are united by three principal characteristics: they are eukaryotes, ... More
4. From slime to the sublime

4. From slime to the sublime  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
‘From slime to the sublime’ asks: How did Earth maintain an environment fit for life? However life started, once established, it persisted for over 3.5 billion years and evolved from ... More
5. Germ cells and sex

5. Germ cells and sex  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
The outcome of germ-cell development in animals is either sperm or an egg. ‘Germ cells and sex’ describes the three key functions of germ cells: the preservation of the genetic integrity of ... More
3. The mysteries of reproduction

3. The mysteries of reproduction  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘The mysteries of reproduction’ begins with Pergonal (human menopausal gonadotrophin), a hormone preparation extracted from urine which contains pituitary hormones crucial to the ... More
7. Diggers and burrowers

7. Diggers and burrowers  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
‘Diggers and burrowers’ considers mammals at the opposite extreme to the high-speed running ungulate mammals. It describes mammals with short, powerfully built legs that bear large feet ... More
8. Aquatic mammals

8. Aquatic mammals  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
Virtually all mammals can swim at least sufficiently well to cross bodies of water, but the extent of specific adaptation for aquatic life varies amongst different mammals from no more than ... More
3. Kill or be killed

3. Kill or be killed  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
‘Kill or be killed’ shows how viruses survive—they must reproduce before the host either dies or its immune system recognizes and eliminates them. The transmission routes of viruses such as ... More
5. Life: a genome's way of making more and fitter genomes

5. Life: a genome's way of making more and fitter genomes  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
‘Life: a genome's way of making more and fitter genomes’ provides a global perspective of terrestrial biology. The history of life on Earth can be deduced from the way that evolution has ... More
Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Hormones: A Very Short Introduction  

Martin Luck

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199672875
Hormones balance and coordinate the workings of the body. There are many misconceptions about the endocrine system and few people are aware of its nature and importance. Hormones: A Very ... More

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