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5. Conflict and cooperation

5. Conflict and cooperation  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
‘Conflict and cooperation’ considers actions, rational choices, and strategy problems. Strategic choice involves your choosing from actions the outcomes of which depend on my choice as ... More
2. Financial intermediation

2. Financial intermediation  

John Goddard and John O. S. Wilson

in Banking: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785320
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688920.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688920
The term financial intermediation refers to the traditional banking business model, under which a bank accepts deposits from savers and lends funds to borrowers. The accumulation of bank ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany

in Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199576203.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199576203
Where does risk come from? How does it exact its price? What causes risk? The Introduction answers these questions by looking at the issue of risk for individuals and societies in the world ... More
4. Gambling and insurance

4. Gambling and insurance  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
‘Gambling and insurance’ considers choice from gambles. Attitudes to risk are manifest in choices from gambles in which all prizes are sums of money. Two aspects of a gamble — its expected ... More
5. Working with offenders

5. Working with offenders  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
‘Working with offenders’ looks at the settings where forensic psychologists work with convicted offenders and the types of assessment, risk management, and therapies that they carry out. ... More
7. Risk management

7. Risk management  

Mark H. A. Davis

in Mathematical Finance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191829932
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787945.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787945
The risk management function of a financial company monitors a whole range of risks that the company faces: market risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, operational risk, reputational risk, ... More
4. Why punish … and how?

4. Why punish … and how?  

Julian V. Roberts

in Criminal Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716495.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716495
Why is punishment imposed and how do we justify the penalties imposed? ‘Why punish … and how?’ outlines the legal justifications for punishment: one perspective focuses on the crime and its ... More
6. Risk communication

6. Risk communication  

Baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany

in Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199576203.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199576203
‘Risk communication’ shows how risks are communicated between parties in society, and how effective risk communication is essential to society. Risk communications affect individuals' ... More
8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia

8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
Anaesthesia carries risks. It is difficult to judge the risk accurately, especially when it is presented as a statistic. A 2006 paper by Rupert Pearse and colleagues based on 4.1 million ... More
7. From theory to practice

7. From theory to practice  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘From theory to practice’ explains that autistic disorders are far too heterogeneous and too complex for a single satisfying account. It is frustrating that there is no answer yet to what ... More
9. Bargaining and coalitions

9. Bargaining and coalitions  

Ken Binmore

in Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776991
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199218462.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199218462
‘Bargaining and coalitions’ investigates cooperative game theory. Cooperative game theory is not the antithesis of noncooperative game theory. It simply assumes that players have solutions ... More
Psychopathy: A Very Short Introduction

Psychopathy: A Very Short Introduction  

Essi Viding

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191840685
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198802266.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198802266
Psychopathy is a personality disorder that has long captured the public imagination, but there is often a very limited understanding of the condition. For example, people commonly assume ... More
5. What to do with a psychopath?

5. What to do with a psychopath?  

Essi Viding

in Psychopathy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191840685
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198802266.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198802266
‘What to do with a psychopath?’ outlines some pertinent questions and the evidence regarding treatment and prevention of psychopathy. Is it possible to treat adults with psychopathy or ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Essi Viding

in Psychopathy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191840685
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198802266.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198802266
The Introduction explains that we now understand psychopathy as a personality disorder characterized by lack of empathy and guilt, manipulation of other people, a tendency to make ... More
1. Choice and desire

1. Choice and desire  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
‘Choice and desire’ explains that choice theory is the exploration of the reasoning which underlies coherent patterns of choice; it explores what it means to act rationally. The format of ... More
3. Analysing risk

3. Analysing risk  

Baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany

in Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199576203.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199576203
‘Analysing risk’ shows how risk analysts measure risks and determine their sources. This involves observing a situation, then using scientific knowledge to extrapolate these observations to ... More
5. Risky choices

5. Risky choices  

Michelle Baddeley

in Behavioural Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191816475
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754992.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754992
When we decide to cross the road, buy a lottery ticket, or invest our money, the decision involves risk and uncertainty. ‘Risky choices’ looks at how economists usually think of risk as ... More
7. The future of criminal justice

7. The future of criminal justice  

Julian V. Roberts

in Criminal Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716495.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716495
‘The future of criminal justice’ proposes that a number of trends are set to continue. Budget cuts will mean more privatization along with greater public awareness and official scrutiny of ... More
3. Searching for the causes of disease

3. Searching for the causes of disease  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
‘Searching for the causes of disease’ defines a cause as a factor without which an effect — adverse or favourable — would not have happened. Epidemiologists try to identify factors — ... More
3. Influenza

3. Influenza  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
Influenza, or flu, has caused more deaths than any single disease outbreak since the 14th-century bubonic plague. Twenty to fifty million people worldwide died from the 1918 Spanish Flu, ... More

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