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6. Scepticism about libertarian freedom

6. Scepticism about libertarian freedom  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Scepticism about libertarian freedom’ explores libertarian freedom. Self-determination appears to take the form of freedom, but is freedom possible? Libertarianism says that when free ... More
8. Freedom and its place in nature

8. Freedom and its place in nature  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Freedom and its place in nature’ assesses the randomness problem. According to scepticism, there is no middle ground between predeterminism and uncontrollable randomness. Libertarianism ... More
6. Paris

6. Paris  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘Paris’ describes the period 1626–8 when Descartes was resident there. He must have been aware of the controversies concerning atheism and scepticism that were rife in the city, but ... More
2. Aims and Methods

2. Aims and Methods  

A. J. Ayer

in Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854063
Hume aimed to continue the empirical enquiry begun by Locke to criticise trust in reason and question the nature of causality. ‘Aims and Methods’ discusses Hume's attempts to create a ... More
3. German Idealism

3. German Idealism  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
How does nature in itself relate to human freedom? ‘German Idealism’ examines how Kant sought to sustain the idea of self-determination by locating freedom in a domain which was not subject ... More
2. Scepticism

2. Scepticism  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
When you start to get self-conscious about what you know, even the simplest fact, something you usually think you could verify at a glance, can start to seem like something you don’t really ... More
2. Hobbes's work

2. Hobbes's work  

Richard Tuck

in Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775628
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802552.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802552
Hobbes began his philosophical enquiries from interest in the philosophical problems raised by modern natural science, and the idea of replacing late Renaissance scepticism with a ... More
4. Isn’t all perception and understanding relative?

4. Isn’t all perception and understanding relative?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Isn't all perception and understanding relative?’ explores the connections between observation and perception. The philosopher Aenesidemus thought perception was always relative to the ... More
4. Scepticism as a way of life

4. Scepticism as a way of life  

Duncan Pritchard

in Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867606
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829164.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829164
‘Scepticism as a way of life’ considers the case for a moderate scepticism, by looking at the work of the philosopher Aristotle (384–322 bce). This idea concerns the role of the virtues, ... More
7. Some more high spotsA personal selection

7. Some more high spots: A personal selection  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
A selection of the best of philosophical thinking is always going to be personal. ‘Some more high points’ presents a list of favourite moments in philosophical thinking: Descartes' ... More
4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism

4. Reason, knowledge and scepticism  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
In modern epistemology, certain assumptions about knowledge are common, such as the view that the existence of knowledge must be justified against the sceptic. How does this differ from ... More
4. Conclusion

4. Conclusion  

Richard Tuck

in Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775628
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802552.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802552
Hobbes's reputation was paradoxical. He was hostile to dogmatism of every kind, yet he was seen as a brusque dogmatist. He was hostile to the intellectual authorities of the churches, but ... More
Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction  

Duncan Pritchard

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867606
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829164.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198829164
Throughout history, scepticism and the urge to question accepted truths has been a powerful force for change and growth. A healthy amount of scepticism is widely encouraged, but when is ... More
1. What is scepticism?

1. What is scepticism?  

Duncan Pritchard

in Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867606
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829164.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829164
Scepticism concerns doubt, primarily doubt about what is true. So construed, the sceptic is not proposing that truth is just subjective opinion in the way that the relativist is. Indeed, ... More
12. Doubt without Scepticism?

12. Doubt without Scepticism?  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
The view that enabled Descartes to criticize sense-based beliefs, whilst holding that human beings are capable of physical science, is sometimes called rationalism. Descartes believed human ... More
8. Conclusion

8. Conclusion  

Stephen Gaukroger and Knox Peden

in French Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2020
Published Online: 
Jul 2020
eISBN: 
9780191867613
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829171.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829171
Is it significant, as the Conclusion suggests, that the Sorbonne is located between the Panthéon and the Préfecture de Police? French philosophy is associated with greatness and exercises ... More
3. Defending knowledge

3. Defending knowledge  

Duncan Pritchard

in Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867606
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829164.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829164
‘Defending knowledge’ considers some of the different philosophical responses to the problem of radical scepticism. It begins with the natural response to a philosophical puzzle: to insist ... More
2. Is knowledge impossible?

2. Is knowledge impossible?  

Duncan Pritchard

in Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867606
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829164.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198829164
‘Is knowledge impossible?’ considers an influential argument that purports to show that we do not know much of what we take ourselves to know. If this argument works, then it licenses a ... More
Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction  

Julia Annas

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853578
Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction introduces ancient debates and focuses on important and revealing features of the subject providing a sense of its freshness and ... More
Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Free Will: A Very Short Introduction  

Thomas Pink

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853585
Free Will: A Very Short Introduction asks: Are our choices really free? Every day we seem to make and act upon all kinds of free choices. Are these choices ours, or are we ... More

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