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2. What robots do now

2. What robots do now  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
‘What robots do now’ looks at robots in industry and our lives today. Assembly line robots, or robot arms, lie on the unglamorous end of the robot family. These robots are effective as they ... More
3. Explanation in science

3. Explanation in science  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
‘Explanation in science’ begins with Carl Hempel’s covering law model of explanation, which says that to explain a phenomenon is to show that its occurrence follows deductively from a ... More
5. Justice

5. Justice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The early church did not execute witches, seeing them as reformable, but in the Middle Ages the campaign against heresy intensified. Reliance on secular power to kill diabolists was ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Michael Faraday's science addressed three key themes: research, communication, and application. These themes linked in various ways during his lifetime, although the relative amount of time ... More
10. What is metaphysics?

10. What is metaphysics?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is metaphysics?’ attempts to explain the discipline as trying to understand the fundamental nature of reality. Metaphysics seeks to organize and systematize all these specific truths ... More
10. Nature and grace

10. Nature and grace  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In reaction against Manicheism, Augustine in his thirties stressed both church authority and individual freedom. Without God's grace to rescue the fallen man, the right path could not be ... More
5. Modern Times I: The Christian Kabbalah

5. Modern Times I: The Christian Kabbalah  

Joseph Dan

in Kabbalah: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365616
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195327052.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195327052
Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the Kabbalah transformed from a uniquely Jewish tradition to one mixed with European culture, Christian thinking, philosophy, science, and magic. ... More
1. Fear

1. Fear  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
‘Fear’ reminds us that witches are monsters haunting our dreams, confirming who we are through what we are not. Witches are living projections of feelings that defy easy rationalization or ... More
2. Heresy

2. Heresy  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
According to ‘Heresy’, historically, political and religious orthodoxy went together. Romans saw witches as ruthless criminals. The early Christian church expressed hostility to magic but ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
What was the Scientific Revolution and when was it? The Introduction states that it started around 1500 and ended around 1700 and it is the most important and talked-about era in the ... More
7. Faraday in the 20th century

7. Faraday in the 20th century  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
The centenary of Michael Faraday's birth in 1891 was celebrated by a commemorative meeting of the Royal Institution. ‘Faraday in the 20th century’ charts his reputation, which once again ... More
6. Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the ‘death of God’

6. Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the ‘death of God’  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the “death of God”’ looks at the questioning of self-determination in the work of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. The importance of Greek tragedy to German ... More
6. How should the agnostic live?

6. How should the agnostic live?  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
‘How should the agnostic live?’ compares the effects of agnosticism in science and morality. It argues that a religious life is possible for the agnostic. The argument for faith known as ... More
5. Science

5. Science  

Ronald de Sousa

in Love: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663842.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663842
Scientific scrutiny of love cannot reduce it to mere physical processes. Other perspectives are needed to explain why these mechanisms exist in the first place and what role they play in ... More
13. Empiricism

13. Empiricism  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Empiricism’ stresses that, for Aristotle, knowledge or science ultimately derives from perception. That is the source of the concepts in terms of which we seek to understand reality. ... More
20. Afterlife

20. Afterlife  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0020
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Afterlife’ argues that an account of Aristotle’s intellectual legacy would amount to a history of European thought. Aristotle’s various doctrines and beliefs were accepted and taught as ... More
8. Knowledge

8. Knowledge  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Whereas the Prior Analytics derives the theorems of a science from its axioms, the Posterior Analytics is concerned with the nature of the axioms themselves, and hence the general form of ... More
10. Reality

10. Reality  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Science is about real things. That is what makes it knowledge rather than fantasy. But what things are real? What are the fundamental items with which science is concerned? That is the ... More
12. Causes

12. Causes  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Material objects change, and their changes are caused. The scientist’s world is full of causes, and scientific knowledge requires the capacity to state causes and to give explanations. We ... More
19. The Arts

19. The Arts  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0019
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
The Poetics consists largely of the theory and criticism of tragic drama. Aristotle, however, saw the work as a contribution to ‘productive’ science, telling us how to produce ... More

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