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2. What robots do now

2. What robots do now  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
‘What robots do now’ looks at robots in industry and our lives today. Assembly line robots, or robot arms, lie on the unglamorous end of the robot family. These robots are effective as they ... More
3. Explanation in science

3. Explanation in science  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
‘Explanation in science’ begins with Carl Hempel’s covering law model of explanation, which says that to explain a phenomenon is to show that its occurrence follows deductively from a ... More
10. What is metaphysics?

10. What is metaphysics?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is metaphysics?’ attempts to explain the discipline as trying to understand the fundamental nature of reality. Metaphysics seeks to organize and systematize all these specific truths ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Michael Faraday's science addressed three key themes: research, communication, and application. These themes linked in various ways during his lifetime, although the relative amount of time ... More
5. Justice

5. Justice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The early church did not execute witches, seeing them as reformable, but in the Middle Ages the campaign against heresy intensified. Reliance on secular power to kill diabolists was ... More
5. Modern Times I: The Christian Kabbalah

5. Modern Times I: The Christian Kabbalah  

Joseph Dan

in Kabbalah: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365616
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195327052.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195327052
Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the Kabbalah transformed from a uniquely Jewish tradition to one mixed with European culture, Christian thinking, philosophy, science, and magic. ... More
10. Nature and grace

10. Nature and grace  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
In reaction against Manicheism, Augustine in his thirties stressed both church authority and individual freedom. Without God's grace to rescue the fallen man, the right path could not be ... More
1. What is science?

1. What is science?  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
What is the distinguishing feature of science? ‘What is science?’ explores this question from a philosophical and a historical perspective. One answer is that scientific enquiry involves ... More
5. Science and philosophy

5. Science and philosophy  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
The word ‘ambivalence’ best captures the mood of the transformations in popular and applied sciences of the 15th and 16th centuries. We want to know more, but can we know too much? ‘Science ... More
2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?

2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?’ focuses on Freud's psychoanalytic model as it was developed in his Project for a Scientific Psychology (1895) and The ... More
2. Hobbes's work

2. Hobbes's work  

Richard Tuck

in Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775628
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802552.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802552
Hobbes began his philosophical enquiries from interest in the philosophical problems raised by modern natural science, and the idea of replacing late Renaissance scepticism with a ... More
2. Finding our place

2. Finding our place  

Bernard Wood

in Human Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775840
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803603.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803603
‘Finding our place’ reviews the history of how philosophers and then scientists came to realize that humans are part of the natural world. Classical philosophers believed mankind evolved ... More
7. Scientism versus Obscurantism: Avoiding the traditional predicament in philosophy

7. Scientism versus Obscurantism: Avoiding the traditional predicament in philosophy  

Simon Critchley

in Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776373
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853592.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853592
‘Scientism versus Obscurantism: Avoiding the traditional predicament in philosophy’ argues that from a Continental perspective, the adoption of scientism in philosophy fails fundamentally ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
What was the Scientific Revolution and when was it? The Introduction states that it started around 1500 and ended around 1700 and it is the most important and talked-about era in the ... More
6. Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the ‘death of God’

6. Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the ‘death of God’  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the “death of God”’ looks at the questioning of self-determination in the work of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. The importance of Greek tragedy to German ... More
7. Faraday in the 20th century

7. Faraday in the 20th century  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
The centenary of Michael Faraday's birth in 1891 was celebrated by a commemorative meeting of the Royal Institution. ‘Faraday in the 20th century’ charts his reputation, which once again ... More
6. How should the agnostic live?

6. How should the agnostic live?  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
‘How should the agnostic live?’ compares the effects of agnosticism in science and morality. It argues that a religious life is possible for the agnostic. The argument for faith known as ... More
5. Science

5. Science  

Ronald de Sousa

in Love: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663842.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663842
Scientific scrutiny of love cannot reduce it to mere physical processes. Other perspectives are needed to explain why these mechanisms exist in the first place and what role they play in ... More
1. Fear

1. Fear  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
‘Fear’ reminds us that witches are monsters haunting our dreams, confirming who we are through what we are not. Witches are living projections of feelings that defy easy rationalization or ... More
2. Heresy

2. Heresy  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
According to ‘Heresy’, historically, political and religious orthodoxy went together. Romans saw witches as ruthless criminals. The early Christian church expressed hostility to magic but ... More

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