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6. Sexual conflict

6. Sexual conflict  

Leigh W. Simmons

in Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191823930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778752.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778752
The reproductive interests of males and females will almost always differ, for example over whether to mate and how often, when to produce offspring and how many, or how much to invest in ... More
8. Conclusions, and where to from here

8. Conclusions, and where to from here  

Leigh W. Simmons

in Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191823930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778752.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778752
‘Conclusions, and where to from here’ concludes that animals are far more variable in their sexual behaviour than is commonly believed, which means that they do not set a model for natural ... More
3. Choosing from the field of competitors

3. Choosing from the field of competitors  

Leigh W. Simmons

in Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191823930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778752.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778752
There is now unequivocal evidence for Darwin’s long-rejected suggestion that females choose among potential mates based on their secondary sexual traits. This has shifted attention from the ... More
7. Some difficult problems

7. Some difficult problems  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
‘Some difficult problems’ describes some examples of biological phenomena that are difficult to explain including the evolution of flight, eyes, and protein molecules; and why ageing occurs ... More
5. Adaptation and natural selection

5. Adaptation and natural selection  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The biological explanation of the origin of adaptation replaces the idea of a Designer, and is central to post-Darwinian evolutionary biology. ‘Adaptation and natural selection’ describes ... More
5. Market and policy failures

5. Market and policy failures  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
‘Market and policy failures’ begins with monopolies and oligopolies. What are the effects of monopoly power? Many actions of consumers or firms have beneficial or harmful side-effects such ... More
7. The wisdom of crowds

7. The wisdom of crowds  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
Recent work on collective animal behaviour shows that relatively simple behaviours by each animal acting individually can together produce complex, emergent behaviours larger than the ... More
1. Dinosaurs in perspective

1. Dinosaurs in perspective  

David Norman

in Dinosaurs: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837104
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198795926.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198795926
‘Dinosaurs in perspective’ outlines the development of palaeontology. Dinosaurs existed in the Mesozoic Era, which is split into the Triassic (~252–201 Ma), Jurassic (~201–145 Ma), and ... More
4. The evidence for evolution by natural selection

4. The evidence for evolution by natural selection  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘The evidence for evolution by natural selection’ shows that domestication and hybrid fertility provided evidence for evolution and against the fixity of species by experimental ... More
5. The (b)right man for the jobDoes intelligence matter?

5. The (b)right man for the job: Does intelligence matter?  

Ian J. Deary

in Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776854
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192893215.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192893215
Intelligence tests have been used inappropriately and over-zealously at times, to the exclusion of other important characteristics. ‘The (b)right man for the job’ considers whether a score ... More
6. Winning strategies

6. Winning strategies  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191780691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712152
The field of behavioural ecology, developed in the 1960s and 1970s, offered new ideas and provided powerful ways of exploring how behaviour evolves. Behavioural ecology examines how the ... More
1. How animals behave (and why)

1. How animals behave (and why)  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191780691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712152
Behaviour is a key way in which animals interact with their world: how animals find and choose mates, look after their young, find food, avoid becoming food for predators, and build nests ... More
5. Sexual selection after mating

5. Sexual selection after mating  

Leigh W. Simmons

in Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191823930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778752.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778752
Darwin viewed sexual selection as a process that ended with mate acquisition, assuming that females are fundamentally monogamous, mating with just one male. ‘Sexual selection after mating’, ... More
7. How sex makes species survive

7. How sex makes species survive  

Leigh W. Simmons

in Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191823930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778752.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778752
How new species come about is one of the most fundamental questions in biology. And because that process involves reproduction, and because reproduction often (though not always) means ... More
8. Afterword

8. Afterword  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The ‘Afterword’ provides a brief summary and concludes that our modern view of evolution is remarkably close to that of Wallace and Darwin. The chief difference is that two advances mean ... More
6. The formation and divergence of species

6. The formation and divergence of species  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
‘The formation and divergence of species’ is concerned with the evolution of new species and of differences between species. Different species that coexist in the same locality remain ... More
9. Darwin as a scientist: an evaluation

9. Darwin as a scientist: an evaluation  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwin as a scientist’ describes Charles Darwin as a theoretical scientist. Necessarily, scientific theories are not born in a vacuum: a specific issue, fact, or collection of facts has to ... More
Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Darwin: A Very Short Introduction  

Jonathan Howard

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854544
Darwin: A Very Short Introduction explores how Charles Darwin's theory of evolution has revolutionized biology since it was first presented to a wide readership in 1859. At ... More
8. Endless forms

8. Endless forms  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
Living things must constantly adapt and change to survive when pitted against ever-evolving opposing organisms and an ever-changing world. And teeth must constantly adapt and change along ... More
3. Searching for the causes of disease

3. Searching for the causes of disease  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
‘Searching for the causes of disease’ defines a cause as a factor without which an effect — adverse or favourable — would not have happened. Epidemiologists try to identify factors — ... More

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