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3. The sleeping brain

3. The sleeping brain  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
The huge complexity of what happens when we are asleep explains why disentangling the neuroscience of sleep has been so difficult, and why sleep patterns can be so variable. Sleep habits ... More
2. Sleep Generation And Regulation – a Framework

2. Sleep Generation And Regulation – a Framework  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We know a lot about what happens to the brain and body during sleep thanks to technologies for measuring electronic activity patterns across the brain. There are two distinct types of ... More
5. The seven ages of sleep

5. The seven ages of sleep  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
Sleep patterns change with age. These changes are often difficult to distinguish from changes caused by disorders, and the prevalence of some sleep disorders also change with age, further ... More
6. When sleep suffers

6. When sleep suffers  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
When we sleep well we take it for granted. One third of us will suffer from at least one of around seventy-five clinical sleep disorders at some point during our lives. These disorders may ... More
Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Sleep: A Very Short Introduction  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199587858
Sleep: A Very Short Introduction addresses the biological and psychological aspects of sleep. What is sleep? Why do we need it? How much is enough? What is the impact of modern ... More
9. The 24-hour society

9. The 24-hour society  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We live in a society of 24-hour news coverage, supermarkets, and internet availability. The odds are stacked against good sleep. How have we arrived at this state of affairs? Shift work is ... More
1. Sleep through the ages

1. Sleep through the ages  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We used to think of sleep as a state of suspended activity and unconsciousness. Nowadays, we regard sleep as an inconvenience at best, a weakness at worst. Sleep has considerable benefits. ... More
4. The reasons for sleep

4. The reasons for sleep  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We don't know exactly why we sleep. Sleep researchers differ on their conclusions about periods of inactivity in animals and what they represent, whether they equal sleep. ‘The reasons for ... More
1. Circadian rhythmsA 24-hour phenomenon

1. Circadian rhythms: A 24-hour phenomenon  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
‘Circadian rhythms: A 24-hour phenomenon’ explains the internally generated ‘clock’ that almost all living beings on Earth possess, which allows them to optimize a vast array of ... More
9. Dreaming, learning, and memory

9. Dreaming, learning, and memory  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Dreaming, learning, and memory’ considers the work of Robert Stickgold and the popular theory that brain activation in sleep is necessary for us to reorder the information inside our ... More
1. What is dreaming?

1. What is dreaming?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘What is dreaming?’ examines what causes dreaming, and discusses why dreams are so strange and hard to remember. Dreaming is most usefully defined and measured through perceptual, ... More
Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction  

Russell Foster and Leon Kreitzman

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198717683
The Earth’s daily rotation affects almost every living creature. From dawn through to dusk, there are changes in light, temperature, humidity, and rainfall. However, these changes are ... More
3. When timing goes wrong

3. When timing goes wrong  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
While time of day, interacting with an individual’s chronotype, can have an important impact upon performance and health, severe disruption of the circadian system adds another level of ... More
7. Dreaming as delirium: sleep and mental illness

7. Dreaming as delirium: sleep and mental illness  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Dreaming as delirium’ shows that dreaming and severe mental illness are not only analogous, but identical. It is easy to imagine that physical changes in brain state can produce psychosis, ... More
6. Disorders of dreaming

6. Disorders of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Disorders of dreaming’ looks at the way in which the brain systems mediating dreaming can become exaggerated or distorted, with unwelcome consequences. Nightmares and night terrors are ... More
8. Sleep and society

8. Sleep and society  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
Society affects sleep and sleep affects society, influencing childhood learning and development, workplace safety and efficiency, and the economy. Society's attitude to sleep affects how ... More
7. Sleep and health

7. Sleep and health  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
What happens when we do not get enough sleep or suffer from disrupted sleep? Studies relating sleep to disease are best examined by epidemiological research. Studies have shown that reduced ... More
2. Time of day matters

2. Time of day matters  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
Numerous studies have shown that a broad range of activities—both physical and cognitive—vary across the 24-hour day. The blood pressure and heart rate of a human shows striking day–night ... More
6. SleepThe most obvious 24-hour rhythm

6. Sleep: The most obvious 24-hour rhythm  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
Almost all life shows a 24-hour pattern of activity and rest, as we live on a planet that revolves once every 24 hours, causing profound changes in light, temperature, and food ... More
3. How is the brain activated in sleep?

3. How is the brain activated in sleep?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘How is the brain activated in sleep?’ explains the discovery of brain activation of sleep and how it changed the strategy from dream content to dream form. Adolf Berger's ... More

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