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3. Types of symmetry

3. Types of symmetry  

Ian Stewart

in Symmetry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778292
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199651986.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199651986
‘Types of symmetry’ explains different types of symmetry. Rigid motions are the easiest type of symmetry to understand, and can be explained diagrammatically. The four main types of this ... More
9. Magnetism on Earth and in space

9. Magnetism on Earth and in space  

Stephan Blundell

in Magnetism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778117
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601202.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601202
‘Magnetism on Earth and in space’ considers why the Earth behaves as a magnet, how the Earth's magnetism protects us from deadly cosmic radiation, and also describes the magnetism in ... More
1. Much ado about nothing

1. Much ado about nothing  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
‘Much ado about nothing’ looks at the differing beliefs in the possibility of nothing, and the demonstration of the possibility of a vacuum. Thinking about the Void has always been ... More
3. Language in time and space

3. Language in time and space  

P. H. Matthews

in Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801487
‘Language in space and time’ explores the topic of linguistic change. It is a fact, attested everywhere, that language changes, with vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation all being ... More
5. Categories and MethodVaiśeṣika and Nyāya

5. Categories and Method: Vaiśeṣika and Nyāya  

Sue Hamilton

in Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776403
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853745.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853745
One of the earliest systems of thought to emerge from the early milieu (2nd century bce), which was concerned with ‘what to look at’, was that of Kaṇāda, as recorded in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtra. ... More
5. Fractals, strange attractors, and dimension(s)

5. Fractals, strange attractors, and dimension(s)  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Fractals, strange attractors, and dimension(s)’ provides an overview of fractals. Fractals are patterns that repeat at different scales, and display self-similarity. Theoretically these ... More
6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology

6. Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
‘Philosophical problems in physics, biology, and psychology’ examines three philosophical questions that are specific to particular sciences. First, the debate between Gottfried Leibniz and ... More
1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?

1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
‘What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?’ describes the several interconnected layers that make up Earth’s atmosphere before considering the atmospheres of other planets. Each layer has ... More
1. Geography: the world is our stage

1. Geography: the world is our stage  

John A. Matthews and David T. Herbert

in Geography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776946
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199211289.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199211289
‘Geography: the world is our stage’ asks: What is geography? Geography has been important throughout history, and has often been politically or spiritually motivated. The art of mapping is ... More
2. How empty is an atom?

2. How empty is an atom?  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
‘How empty is an atom?’ explains how even ‘empty’ space is filled with forces. Atoms are not the ultimate particle: they are nearly all empty space. This space is filled with electric and ... More
4. People, language, and dangerous things

4. People, language, and dangerous things  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
Knowing other languages is a sign of education, of global connectedness. As we move in and out of places and situations we encounter people who have different languages and different ways ... More
12. Causes

12. Causes  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Material objects change, and their changes are caused. The scientist’s world is full of causes, and scientific knowledge requires the capacity to state causes and to give explanations. We ... More
Rocks: A Very Short Introduction

Rocks: A Very Short Introduction  

Jan Zalasiewicz

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191792588
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725190.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198725190
Rocks underpin our lives: they make up the solid structure of the Earth. We live on the rocky surface of the planet; grow our food on weathered debris derived from rocks; and we obtain ... More
6. Geometry

6. Geometry  

Timothy Gowers

in Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776397
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853615.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853615
‘Geometry’ begins with the Euclidean geometry, the geometry with which most people are familiar. Euclid's Elements, written in around 300bc, started with five axioms from which Euclid ... More
8. Sorry, wrong number: statistics and chaos

8. Sorry, wrong number: statistics and chaos  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Sorry, wrong number: statistics and chaos’ investigates the challenges posed by chaos to statistical estimation. Samples cannot be used in chaos theory as they are in statistics. Many ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
In this ‘Epilogue’ the attempts of observers and theoreticians to understand the visible heavenly bodies is seen to give way to a new type of astronomy that combines physics and chemistry. ... More
1. Defining the Antarctic

1. Defining the Antarctic  

Klaus Dodds

in The Antarctic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778438
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697687.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697687
The Antarctic continent was the last to be discovered by humans, despite the fact that its presence had been postulated much earlier. The Antarctic is now a symbol of global anxiety as well ... More
4. What is a change?

4. What is a change?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a change?’ discusses events and processes where change is involved. An event may involve just a single change, whereas a process suggests a complex series of more than one change ... More
7. What is a person?

7. What is a person?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a person?’ asks why a person has special status. What makes a person a different particular from a table or other physical object? Is it intelligence, consciousness, or moral ... More
1. What is a table?

1. What is a table?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a table?’ aims to define what it is to be a particular thing. It is a particular that bears certain properties but is not identical with, nor reducible to, those properties. Some ... More

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