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4. People, language, and dangerous things

4. People, language, and dangerous things  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
Knowing other languages is a sign of education, of global connectedness. As we move in and out of places and situations we encounter people who have different languages and different ways ... More
6. Robotic futures

6. Robotic futures  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
The story of robots is still unfolding. ‘Robotic futures’ looks to the future of robotic science in space exploration and other areas of everyday life. Would it be possible to build a ... More
5. The users of slang

5. The users of slang  

Jonathon Green

in Slang: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191796418
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198729532.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198729532
Who uses slang? ‘The users of slang’ suggests two groups: the ‘primary’ users who coin and develop the vocabulary and for whom it works as the basis of their everyday speech, and the ... More
1. The study of language

1. The study of language  

P. H. Matthews

in Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801487
‘The study of language’ argues that studying language ‘scientifically’ is, in part, to refuse to accept uncritically the ways of thinking that, without any professional training, we all ... More
1. Born free: a brief history of news media

1. Born free: a brief history of news media  

Ian Hargreaves

in Journalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199686872.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199686872
In the last decade almost 600 journalists have been killed, chiefly in wars, in acts of political assassination, or by gangsters. ‘Born free: a brief history of news media’ charts the ... More
8. Digital: after the deluge

8. Digital: after the deluge  

Ian Hargreaves

in Journalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199686872.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199686872
What is journalism’s future? ‘Digital: after the deluge’ considers the ‘new media’ services—blogs, Google, Twitter, Facebook—that have transformed the way that people gather, edit, access, ... More
6. The learning brain

6. The learning brain  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘The learning brain’ looks at the influence of personal experience on how we apply logical reasoning and how we learn to detach logic from our own experience. Schooling helps children to ... More
8. Conclusion: the unity of human language

8. Conclusion: the unity of human language  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
So how many languages are there in the world? The various notions of how to individuate them offer a fairly wide range of answers, none of which seems overwhelmingly correct. ‘The unity of ... More
2. What is literature and does it matter?

2. What is literature and does it matter?  

Jonathan Culler

in Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778384
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199691340.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691340
The question ‘What is literature?’ arises because critics and theorists hope, by saying what literature is, to promote what they consider the most pertinent critical methods and to dismiss ... More
3. Literature and cultural studies

3. Literature and cultural studies  

Jonathan Culler

in Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778384
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199691340.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691340
‘Literature and cultural studies’ explores a complex relationship. In principle, there need not be conflict between literary and cultural studies. Literary studies is not committed to a ... More
1. A multilingual world

1. A multilingual world  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
A language is an assembly of social styles, the argot of social group and workplace, grammars and vocabularies, historical continuity and change, and regional accents. Approximately ... More
3. Words, contexts, and purposes

3. Words, contexts, and purposes  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
Does translation translate the meanings of words? The relationship between words and meanings is very complex. ‘Words, contexts, and purposes’ explains that there are many aspects of the ... More
7. Democratic citizenship

7. Democratic citizenship  

Bernard Crick

in Democracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775574
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802507.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802507
What is the role of the citizen in a democracy? ‘Democratic citizenship’ notes the renewed emphasis on citizens' duties and the expectation that they be active in society. In order to do ... More
6. Politics, language, and the state

6. Politics, language, and the state  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
Politics needs language to make proposals and form alliances. ‘Politics, language, and the state’ considers how language is a vehicle of political governance and discusses language ... More
8. Lingua franca, hybrids, and constructed languages

8. Lingua franca, hybrids, and constructed languages  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
‘Lingua franca, hybrids, and constructed languages’ explains that multilingualism is not a modern phenomenon. Throughout history, as languages come into contact with each other, people have ... More
8. Sounds

8. Sounds  

P. H. Matthews

in Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801487
‘Sounds’ makes the point that in their sounds, too, languages have different systems. Numbers of vowels and consonants vary between languages and it is possible to abstract general rules by ... More
9. Language and the brain

9. Language and the brain  

P. H. Matthews

in Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801487
‘Language and the brain’ points out that, though we know how the sound of speech is generated, we do not know how our brains determine the production of specific combinations of words. Nor ... More
Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction  

P. H. Matthews

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801487.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192801487
Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction considers a subject that falls in the gap between arts and science, on the edges of which fascinating discoveries and important problems ... More
4. Trademarks and the politics of branding

4. Trademarks and the politics of branding  

Siva Vaidhyanathan

in Intellectual Property: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780190231385
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195372779.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195372779
Control of trademarks is control of language. Trademarks, whether they are images, logos, names, or phrases, are ubiquitous in most of the world. They make up a significant set of the ... More
Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction  

Usha Goswami

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199646593
Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction examines modern child psychology, tracing its development from birth up until early adolescence. Child Psychology studies the ... More

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