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5. Tectonics and climate

5. Tectonics and climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
The modern climate system is influenced by millions years of plate tectonics, which have produced occurrences such as large amounts of ice at both Poles. ‘Tectonics and climate’ considers ... More
3. The second lawThe increase in entropy

3. The second law: The increase in entropy  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The second law of thermodynamics introduces the concept of entropy: a measure of the disorder, or the quality of energy, that a system possesses. The law itself states that the entropy of ... More
2. How big and small are big and small?

2. How big and small are big and small?  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘How big and small are big and small?’ puts the scale of the universe into context. The universe can range from the vast to the miniscule, and special units have been created to help aid ... More
1. What is superconductivity?

1. What is superconductivity?  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
When Kamerlingh Onnes, working in his Leiden laboratory in 1911, discovered a strange phenomenon affecting the properties of mercury at very low temperatures, he christened it ... More
3. Evidence for climate change

3. Evidence for climate change  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
‘Evidence for climate change’ considers both past and recent climate change through changes in temperature, precipitation, and relative global sea level to show that significant changes in ... More
5. Climate change impacts

5. Climate change impacts  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
What is dangerous climate change? What is our coping range? ‘Climate change impacts’ assesses the potential effects of climate change on the natural environment as well as on human ... More
9. Where has matter come from?

9. Where has matter come from?  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Where has matter come from?’ explores the creation of matter, from present day nuclear fusion back to the Big Bang. The Sun consists of high temperature plasma, comprising free roaming ... More
8. High-temperature superconductivity

8. High-temperature superconductivity  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
By the start of the 1980s, superconductivity had lost much of its lustre. The record transition temperature of 23.2K had stood since 1973, and the BCS theory provided little hope of finding ... More
3. The discovery of superconductivity

3. The discovery of superconductivity  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
The eventual winner of the race to make liquid helium was Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, and because of this, he was also to be the discoverer of superconductivity. Working on the principles ... More
1. The atmosphere

1. The atmosphere  

Storm Dunlop

in Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199571314
‘The atmosphere’ describes the different layers of the atmosphere and the boundaries between them—troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, mesopause, mesosphere, ionosphere, and ... More
6. Global climate cooling

6. Global climate cooling  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Over the last 50 million years, small variations in the movements of continents have changed the Earth's climate from being a greenhouse to an icehouse. ‘Global climate cooling’ explains ... More
1. What is climate?

1. What is climate?  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
The climate we live in controls where and when we get our food, what we wear, the houses we live in, and what diseases we might catch. ‘What is climate?’ shows how crucial climate is to ... More
4. Extreme climates

4. Extreme climates  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Humans are able to flourish in extreme climates. We have lived in every continent except Antarctica. ‘Extreme climates’ shows that problems in extremes of climate arise when they happen ... More
3. Thermal nuclear reactors

3. Thermal nuclear reactors  

Maxwell Irvine

in Nuclear Power: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777875
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584970.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584970
‘Thermal nuclear reactors’ explains how the technology that had ended the Second World War was turned into a source of civil power. It is now more than fifty years since operations of the ... More
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction explains how the laws of thermodynamics establish fundamental concepts such as temperature and heat, and the nature of ... More
10. Exotic magnetism

10. Exotic magnetism  

Stephan Blundell

in Magnetism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778117
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601202.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601202
‘Exotic magnetism’ describes some examples of exotic magnetism and illustrates a few of the surprising and complex ways in which atomic magnets interact in solids. When the spins of each ... More
1. The zeroth lawThe concept of temperature

1. The zeroth law: The concept of temperature  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The zeroth law can be most simply stated as: ‘If A is in thermal equilibrium with B, and B is in thermal equilibrium with C, then C will be in thermal equilibrium with A.’ ‘The zeroth law’ ... More
5. The third lawThe unattainability of zero

5. The third law: The unattainability of zero  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
Although the third law of thermodynamics does not have the same practical implications as the first two, it does make possible their application. ‘The third law’ examines how considerations ... More
5. The anomalies explained

5. The anomalies explained  

John Finney

in Water: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785597
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708728.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708728
‘The anomalies explained’ considers why water behaves differently from most other liquids and why this is so important chemically, biologically, and environmentally. Ice contracts on ... More
6. Fire and climate change

6. Fire and climate change  

Andrew C. Scott

in Fire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2020
Published Online: 
Jun 2020
eISBN: 
9780191868429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830030.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830030
Are rising global temperatures affecting the frequency and size of wildfires? ‘Fire and climate change’ distinguishes between wildfires that might be expected and those that may have been ... More

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