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A very short introduction

A very short introduction  

Noël Carroll

in Humour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779886
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199552221.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199552221

‘A Very Short Introduction’ outlines the aims of the book and provides an overview of each of the following chapters. ...

4. The programme of social theory

4. The programme of social theory  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas asks: how is social order possible? He believes that in modern, secular societies social order rests mainly on communicative action and discourse, which help establish and maintain ... More
1. What is theory?

1. What is theory?  

Jonathan Culler

in Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778384
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199691340.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691340
Since the 1960s, writings from outside the field of literary studies have been taken up by people in literary studies because their analyses of language, mind, history or culture offer new ... More
5. Law and society

5. Law and society  

Raymond Wacks

in Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687008.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687008
‘Law and society’ examines the sociological approach to law, focusing on the two giants of social theory — Émile Durkheim and Max Weber. It also explains the Marxist materialist account of ... More
4. The analysis of knowledge

4. The analysis of knowledge  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
‘The analysis of knowledge’ begins with Edmund Gettier who challenged the ‘classical analysis of knowledge’ that equates knowledge with justified true belief. His no-false-belief proposal ... More
2. Habermas's new approach to social theory

2. Habermas's new approach to social theory  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
After Habermas published Structural Transformation, he spent twenty years on an intellectual journey. He used this time re-equipping and repositioning himself in respect to the tradition of ... More
7. Performative language

7. Performative language  

Jonathan Culler

in Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778384
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199691340.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691340
‘Performative language’ considers issues concerning the meaning and effects of language, identity and the nature of the subject. Performative utterances do not describe but perform the ... More
4. Rights and justice

4. Rights and justice  

Raymond Wacks

in Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687008.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687008
‘Rights and justice’ asks: What is a right? Is there a distinction between my rights as recognized by the law, and rights that I believe I ought to have? It examines the two major theories ... More
14. Ideas

14. Ideas  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
In stating that the imagination cannot help us to picture God, but that we can form a conception of our Maker by other means, Descartes was articulating his theory of ideas. ‘Ideas’ shows ... More
8. Identity, identification, and the subject

8. Identity, identification, and the subject  

Jonathan Culler

in Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778384
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199691340.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691340
‘Identity, identification and the subject’ examines the debate in literary and cultural theory concerning the identity and function of the subject or self. Two basic questions underlie ... More
4. Decision making

4. Decision making  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
We make a decision every time that we do something when we could have done something else, but most of these decisions are habitual and require little thought. ‘Decision making’ explains ... More
2. The mechanical mind

2. The mechanical mind  

Tim Bayne

in Thought: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778148
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601721.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601721
What makes a thinker? It has been argued that thought comes from a non-physical medium such as a soul or immaterial mind. This notion has few advocates in science or philosophy, who endorse ... More
3. Theory

3. Theory  

Peter Hainsworth and David Robey

in Italian Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777073
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199231799.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199231799
‘Theory’ argues that Italian writers have always had a fascination with abstract models of literary form or content. Theorizing about literature goes back to Dante's Vita nova, and was ... More
7. From theory to practice

7. From theory to practice  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘From theory to practice’ explains that autistic disorders are far too heterogeneous and too complex for a single satisfying account. It is frustrating that there is no answer yet to what ... More
9. Bargaining and coalitions

9. Bargaining and coalitions  

Ken Binmore

in Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776991
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199218462.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199218462
‘Bargaining and coalitions’ investigates cooperative game theory. Cooperative game theory is not the antithesis of noncooperative game theory. It simply assumes that players have solutions ... More
8. Evolutionary biology

8. Evolutionary biology  

Ken Binmore

in Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776991
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199218462.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199218462
‘Evolutionary biology’ applies game theory to evolutionary scenarios. In evolutionary game theory we can equate behaviour as strategy, and fitness as utility. Anything — be it a gene or an ... More
1. The nature of humour

1. The nature of humour  

Noël Carroll

in Humour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779886
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199552221.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199552221
Humour is the object of comic amusement. ‘The nature of humour’ reviews the leading theories of that which engenders comic amusement – the superiority theory, the incongruity theory, the ... More
3. Nature or nurture?

3. Nature or nurture?  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
Do we inherit anxiety through our genes, or learn it from those closest to us? ‘Nature or nurture?’ looks at the evidence. Twin adoption studies point to a genetic influence, but ... More
9. Critical Theory

9. Critical Theory  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
Taking as an example the economic crash of 2008–9, ‘Critical Theory’ asks how individual agents or groups of agents could regard their actions as justifiable and rational, while the actual ... More
1. What is anxiety?

1. What is anxiety?  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘What is anxiety?’ asks what anxiety is; what it feels like; and what its purpose might be. A brief history of anxiety takes us from its Latin roots, through the increased interest in ... More

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