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1. The day

1. The day  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776076
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804990.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804990
‘The day’ considers the most fundamental unit of time-measurement, which in most societies is the period of the earth's rotation on its axis normally known as the day. The distinction ... More
6. How does time pass?

6. How does time pass?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘How does time pass?’ considers the concept of time — what it is and how it is measured. Could there be time without change? Philosophers have debated two models of time. The first tries to ... More
4. Is time real?

4. Is time real?  

Jan Westerhoff

in Reality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778063
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594412.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594412
Time is a human invention, something that would not exist if humans did not exist. We think of time in two ways: time as dynamic and changing, or time as having temporal properties. The ... More
8. The eyes of heaven: pairs and sequences

8. The eyes of heaven: pairs and sequences  

Pinch Geraldine

in Egyptian Myth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775802
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803467.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803467
The ‘sacred eye’ of Egypt brings together the two most important elements in Egyptian religion: the solar cult and the Osiris cult. The sacred eye is now one of the best known symbols of ... More
2. Understanding cryptography

2. Understanding cryptography  

Fred Piper and Sean Murphy

in Cryptography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775741
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803153.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803153
‘Understanding cryptography’ introduces the basic terminology and concepts of cryptography. The elements of a cipher system, which disguises confidential information in such a way that its ... More
1. The background

1. The background  

Stillman Drake

in Galileo: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854568.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854568
‘The background’ gives an explanation of the prevailing scientific doctrine in the time of Galileo. Aristotelian philosophy was the basis of University education from the thirteenth ... More
3. Disillusionment and Withdrawal

3. Disillusionment and Withdrawal  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
‘Disillusionment and Withdrawal’ first considers Untimely Meditations, a collection of four meditations on David Strauss, the practice of historiography, and celebrations of the genius of ... More
5. Categories and MethodVaiśeṣika and Nyāya

5. Categories and Method: Vaiśeṣika and Nyāya  

Sue Hamilton

in Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776403
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853745.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853745
One of the earliest systems of thought to emerge from the early milieu (2nd century bce), which was concerned with ‘what to look at’, was that of Kaṇāda, as recorded in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtra. ... More
7. Real numbers, real observations, and computers

7. Real numbers, real observations, and computers  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Real numbers, real observations, and computers’ examines the relation between numbers in mathematical models, the real world, and in computer simulations. Real measurements and all ... More
2. Exponential growth, nonlinearity, common sense

2. Exponential growth, nonlinearity, common sense  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Exponential growth, nonlinearity, and common sense’ shows how exponential growth can affect prediction in chaotic systems. In systems which display exponential growth, at some point ... More
1. The Man and His Work

1. The Man and His Work  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘The man and his work’ describes Aristotle as a scholar whose scientific explorations were as wide-ranging as his philosophical speculations were profound; a teacher who enchanted and ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Margaret Walters

in Feminism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776106
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805102.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805102
The ‘Introduction’ asks What is feminism? This VSI is particularly concerned with feminism in Britain and its development over time. The beginnings of feminism, the impetus to challenge ... More
4. Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation

4. Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation  

John H. Holland

in Complexity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199662548.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199662548
‘Agents, networks, degree, and recirculation’ explains that when studying complex adaptive systems (CAS) in a grammar-like way, agents serve as the ‘alphabet’. The hierarchical organization ... More
3. Working a career

3. Working a career  

Stephen Fineman

in Work: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778452
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199699360.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199699360
How do we define a career? It can be defined by a single term. Alternatively it can be defined by a series of disconnected occupations. The attractiveness of various careers ebb and flow ... More
12. Etruscology: Its Origins and Development

12. Etruscology: Its Origins and Development  

Christopher Smith

in The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779817
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547913.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547913
‘Etruscology: Its Origins and Development’ examines the scholarly study of the Etruscans and how we first became interested in this small race of people. It happened in the twelfth century ... More
2. How big and small are big and small?

2. How big and small are big and small?  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘How big and small are big and small?’ puts the scale of the universe into context. The universe can range from the vast to the miniscule, and special units have been created to help aid ... More
12. Causes

12. Causes  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Material objects change, and their changes are caused. The scientist’s world is full of causes, and scientific knowledge requires the capacity to state causes and to give explanations. We ... More
4. Brute thought

4. Brute thought  

Tim Bayne

in Thought: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778148
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601721.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601721
Do animals think? What do they think about? Can they make predictions? It is clear that there are profound differences between the cognitive capacities of humans and those of non-human ... More
3. Time and space: do causes occur before their effects?

3. Time and space: do causes occur before their effects?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘Time and space: do causes occur before their effects?’ considers David Hume's ideas of temporal priority and contiguity for causation. Temporal priority means that causes must precede ... More
6. Taking time

6. Taking time  

Michelle Baddeley

in Behavioural Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191816475
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754992.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754992
Often our everyday decisions unfold over time and what we want today is not always consistent with what we might want tomorrow. Understanding why many people do not behave in a way that is ... More

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