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2. Truth functions—or not?

2. Truth functions—or not?  

Graham Priest

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191848513
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811701.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811701
We are strongly intuitive about the validity of various inferences. This may or may not be hard-wired into us. Intuition gets us into trouble sometimes. ‘Truth functions—or not?’ plays ... More
4. ‘Early Romantic’ philosophy

4. ‘Early Romantic’ philosophy  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
If all truth is relative, then the proposition is also relative that all truth is relative. So how does one sustain a sense of the Absolute which would enable one to avoid this paradox? ... More
8. Heidegger

8. Heidegger  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Heidegger’ examines why Heidegger's philosophy remains so important, despite the blatant moral and political failings of its author. For Heidegger, the aim of metaphysics is to explain ... More
9. The Koran as truth

9. The Koran as truth  

Michael Cook

in The Koran: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776311
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853448.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853448
The Koran presents God's speech as sacred and unfailingly true. These truths play a part in many aspects of Muslim literature and life, on both formal and informal levels. ‘The Koran as ... More
2. The linguistic turn

2. The linguistic turn  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘The linguistic turn’ examines the treatment of language in German philosophy. Before Kant wrote his most important texts, there were philosophers in Germany for whom language was crucial. ... More
6. Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the ‘death of God’

6. Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the ‘death of God’  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, and the “death of God”’ looks at the questioning of self-determination in the work of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. The importance of Greek tragedy to German ... More
1. What is hermeneutics?

1. What is hermeneutics?  

Jens Zimmermann

in Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685356
‘What is hermeneutics?’ begins with the simple answer that hermeneutics means interpretation. But how and why do we interpret? Hermeneutics is the art of understanding and of making oneself ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779916
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661268.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661268
Knowledge always belongs to some individual or group and the knowledge of a group may go beyond the knowledge of its individual members. The ‘Introduction’ focuses on the kind of knowledge ... More
9. Endings

9. Endings  

Poole Adrian

in Tragedy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775543
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802354.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802354
It is hard to determine when tragedies end. This does not stop us from trying to work it out. The ending is more than just a moment in time. It takes and needs time. We find comfort in ... More
9. Philosophizing with a Hammer

9. Philosophizing with a Hammer  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
‘Philosophizing with a Hammer’ is concerned with Nietzsche's work in 1888, the last year of his sane life, where he devoted himself to further polemics, written in a style of hard clarity ... More
2. The Buddha

2. The Buddha  

Damien Keown

in Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663835.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663835
‘The Buddha’ charts the life of Siddhattha Gotama — the founder of Buddhism. Fragmentary evidence makes an accurate biography difficult, but four major events stand out — his birth, ... More
Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction  

Jens Zimmermann

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199685356
Hermeneutics is the branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation. As humans, we decipher the meaning of newspaper articles, books, legal matters, religious texts, political speeches, ... More
3. Philosophical hermeneutics

3. Philosophical hermeneutics  

Jens Zimmermann

in Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685356
Philosophical hermeneutics refers to the detailed examination of human understanding that began with the German philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900–2002). In his book, Truth and Method, ... More
7. The ethics of thought

7. The ethics of thought  

Tim Bayne

in Thought: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778148
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601721.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601721
Under what circumstances are we responsible for our thoughts? How can that responsibility be exercised? ‘The ethics of thought’ examines what lies at the heart of the nature of thought and ... More
2. The ‘gospels’ from Nag Hammadi

2. The ‘gospels’ from Nag Hammadi  

Paul Foster

in The Apocryphal Gospels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777141
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236947.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236947
The unearthing of the 12 bound codices and the remains of a 13th at Nag Hammadi presents an interesting tale. Muhammad Ali, on making the discovery, apparently tore some of the codices up ... More
7. Neo-Kantianism, analytical philosophy, and phenomenology

7. Neo-Kantianism, analytical philosophy, and phenomenology  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
The division between ‘European/Continental’ and ‘analytical’ philosophy is a modern construction. ‘Neo-Kantianism, analytical philosophy, and phenomenology’ looks at the basis of this ... More
1. Introduction: the varieties of objectivity

1. Introduction: the varieties of objectivity  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Introduction: the varieties of objectivity’ describes objectivity as a distinctively human trait. Objectivity requires us to stand back from our perceptions, our beliefs and opinions, to ... More
6. Is it possible to represent things objectively?

6. Is it possible to represent things objectively?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Is it possible to represent things objectively?’ questions how we are to understand scientific representations of the world. The positive aim of objectivity is to create an accurate ... More
5. Complete-concept theory, theory of truth, and theory of knowledge

5. Complete-concept theory, theory of truth, and theory of knowledge  

Maria Rosa Antognazza

in Leibniz: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191788079
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718642.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718642
Leibniz maintained that the principle of identity/non-contradiction implies that every true predication must have some foundation in the nature of that thing. Otherwise A would not be A. If ... More
1. Philosophy as a way of life

1. Philosophy as a way of life  

Thomas Flynn

in Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775932
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804280.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804280
‘Philosophy as a way of life’ sets out the existentialist quest to offer meaning to people's lives. Existentialists wanted to revive a more personal notion of truth that had become ... More

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