2. From trauma to phantasy
Robert A. Segal
6. Myth and psychology
There are multiple theories in each discipline that have contributed to the study of myth. In psychology, two theories have almost, though not quite, monopolized the field: those of the Viennese physician Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) and of the Swiss psychiatrist C. G. Jung (1875–1961).
While Freud analyses myths throughout his writings, his main discussion of his key myth, that of Oedipus, fittingly occurs in The Interpretation of Dreams , for he, and Jung as well, parallel myths to dreams:
If Oedipus Rex moves a modern audience no less than it did
5. Character, sex, and the unconscious
Will and intellect
The Psycho-Pathology of Everyday Life
8. Unconscious dramas
Technique in analysis has increasingly been modelled around the recognition and exploration of transference; hence many analysts now would seek, as a matter of course, to make direct observations about the patient’s unconscious attitudes towards them, even as the session proceeds. Much has also been written on how patients unconsciously ‘nudge’ their analysts to fit in with required roles, and how the clinician might stand in for someone else. Freud opened up this path, recognizing, for instance, that when patients seemed to fall in love with him a powerful emotion was actually transferred on to
Psychoanalysis A Very Short Introduction
Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren
8. Psychotherapy now and in the future
Two people, a patient and psychoanalyst, meet at set times each week; the patient is free to say whatever comes to mind. Sometimes the psychoanalyst might act as catalyst, speaking in order to help the patient who is silent and blocked; or might also clarify, underline something striking, and then interpret what has been said or done. Interpretation here means to draw out latent meanings. The patient perhaps agrees or disagrees, moves off at a tangent, adding detail, feeling moved and well understood, or positively annoyed. He or she makes use of an interpretation or not. They talk
Gillian Butler and McManus Freda
8. What happens when things go wrong? Abnormal psychology
3. Time and space
The timing of experience
, to implications for free will and responsibility.
Clocks and rabbits
Imagine that you are sitting reading a book when, just as you turn the page, you notice that the clock is chiming. A moment ago you were not aware of the chimes but now, suddenly, they have entered your awareness. At that moment, you can remember the sounds you were not listening to and count the chimes you did not hear. Perhaps there have been three already and you go on to find that it is six o’clock.
3. Voices on the page
tales, tellers, & translators
A real fairy tale, a tale in its true function, is a tale within a circle of listeners.
A fairy tale keeps on the move between written and spoken versions and back again, between print and performance, and, since the coming of mass media, between page and screen; this peripatetic character confirms the sense that the fairytale genre does not possess a precisely delineated literary form, as does a novel by Jane Austen, but is as fluid as a conversation taking place over centuries. The audience is not necessarily assembled in
7. In the dock
don’t bet on the prince
‘Is it dark down there, Prince Horrendous?
Snow White (1937) and Cinderella (1950), rose up and protested against the lies and stereotyping in the stories, the wishful thinking, the distorted values, the beauty queen fantasies, and the pervasive bad faith of the promise, ‘and they lived happily ever after’. They further attacked the way re-tellers and films sanitized the original stories, taming them in order to indoctrinate small children and adolescents even more deceitfully. Fairy tales were denounced as a blunt tool of patriarchy, the bourgeoisie, cosmetic surgeons,