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1. Life

1. Life  

John Dunn

in Locke: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775888
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803948.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803948
‘Life’ provides an overview of how Locke's experiences shaped his philosophy. Locke studied medicine at Oxford, and was later able to bring his scientific background to bear on the ... More
14. Ideas

14. Ideas  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
In stating that the imagination cannot help us to picture God, but that we can form a conception of our Maker by other means, Descartes was articulating his theory of ideas. ‘Ideas’ shows ... More
4. Hermeneutics and the humanities

4. Hermeneutics and the humanities  

Jens Zimmermann

in Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685356
The work of reconstructing a text in its original social–historical context demonstrates the special challenge posed by written communications from the past: we have to make these texts ... More
1. What is hermeneutics?

1. What is hermeneutics?  

Jens Zimmermann

in Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685356
‘What is hermeneutics?’ begins with the simple answer that hermeneutics means interpretation. But how and why do we interpret? Hermeneutics is the art of understanding and of making oneself ... More
4. Isn’t all perception and understanding relative?

4. Isn’t all perception and understanding relative?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Isn't all perception and understanding relative?’ explores the connections between observation and perception. The philosopher Aenesidemus thought perception was always relative to the ... More
1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves

1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
How do we decide between two courses of action? How can anger, or any other emotion or feeling, get someone to go against what they have deliberately resolved to do? ‘Humans and beasts: ... More
6. My soul and myself

6. My soul and myself  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘My soul and myself’ examines Plato's understanding of the soul. While Plato in general defends the idea that the soul is immortal, so that its relation to the body is merely temporary, we ... More
3. Philosophical hermeneutics

3. Philosophical hermeneutics  

Jens Zimmermann

in Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685356
Philosophical hermeneutics refers to the detailed examination of human understanding that began with the German philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900–2002). In his book, Truth and Method, ... More
6. Knowledge and expertise

6. Knowledge and expertise  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
We need more than good intentions to trust. We also need competence. The knowledge aspect of trust is less morally weighted than the honesty aspect of trust. ‘Knowledge and expertise’ looks ... More
Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction  

Catherine Wilson

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688326
Epicureanism is commonly associated with a carefree view of life and the pursuit of pleasures, particularly of the table. However, it was a complex and distinctive system of philosophy that ... More
7. Understanding law: a very short epilogue

7. Understanding law: a very short epilogue  

Raymond Wacks

in Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687008.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687008
Can law be as neutral and value-free as legal positivists seek to demonstrate, or is law steeped in inescapable moral values? Is Hart's focus upon the ‘municipal legal system’ still helpful ... More
3. The pragmatic meaning programme

3. The pragmatic meaning programme  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas identified what he called the ‘linguistic turn’ which was a general shift in philosophy which makes an analysis of language use and locates the rational basis of the coordination ... More
3. Knowledge and understanding

3. Knowledge and understanding  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
The Epicureans regarded the alleviation of suffering, and especially the suffering produced by fear and anxiety, as the most important contribution of philosophy to life. If all phenomena, ... More
5. Hermeneutics and theology

5. Hermeneutics and theology  

Jens Zimmermann

in Hermeneutics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2015
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685356.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685356
Theology interprets divine revelation. For Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, religious identity and daily living depend on divine revelation as collected in a sacred text—the Torah, the ... More
Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction  

Stephen Gaukroger

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199606696
Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems of objectivity by assessing the basic questions raised by it. Is objectivity possible? ... More
Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction  

Julia Annas

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853578
Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction introduces ancient debates and focuses on important and revealing features of the subject providing a sense of its freshness and ... More
Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Plato: A Very Short Introduction  

Julia Annas

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192802163
Plato: A Very Short Introduction explores the philosophy and argument of Plato's writings, looking at Plato as a thinker grappling with philosophical problems in a variety of ... More
7. The nature of things

7. The nature of things  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘The nature of things’ examines Plato's understanding of the natural world. In the Timaeus, Plato describes the creation of the world as work done by a divine Craftsman, who does the job by ... More

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