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9. The new Void

9. The new Void  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
Today, modern physics suggests that it is possible that the universe could have emerged out of the vacuum. The idea is that our universe could be a gigantic quantum fluctuation with total ... More
8. The Ethics of Information

8. The Ethics of Information  

Luciano Floridi

in Information: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777349
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551378.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551378
‘The ethics of information’ explores the ethical implications of the information revolution. The RPT model states that information can be treated as a resource, a product, or a target. All ... More
2. Einstein and all that

2. Einstein and all that  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
Physicists are fascinated with gravity, they don't take it for granted. An understanding of gravity is essential to an understanding of the Universe as a whole. ‘Einstein and all that’ ... More
3. First principles

3. First principles  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
The general theory of relativity came out in 1915 and, almost immediately Einstein sought to explain the large-scale behaviour of the entire cosmos. ‘First principles’ discusses the role ... More
1. Journey to the centre of the universe

1. Journey to the centre of the universe  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Journey to the centre of the universe’ provides a general introduction to particles, matter, and the universe. Atoms are composed of electrons orbiting a dense central nucleus. The space ... More
2. How big and small are big and small?

2. How big and small are big and small?  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘How big and small are big and small?’ puts the scale of the universe into context. The universe can range from the vast to the miniscule, and special units have been created to help aid ... More
4. The heart of the matter

4. The heart of the matter  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘The heart of the matter’ elucidates the nature of quarks, electrons, neutrinos, and antimatter. Electrons exist in finite excitation states based on their energy levels. With enough ... More
8. A theory of everything?

8. A theory of everything?  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
The second major revolution in theoretical physics (after the theory of relativity) was the birth of quantum mechanics. We understand a lot about relativity, and by contrast we understand ... More
Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Coles

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854162
Cosmology: A Very Short Introductionexplains what cosmology is and what cosmologists do, looks at the history of the subject, the development of the Big Bang theory, and more ... More
1. A brief history

1. A brief history  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
Cosmology may be a relatively new science, but it asks some of the most ancient questions: is the universe infinite? How long has it been around? Will it ever end? ‘A brief history’ charts ... More
6. What's the matter with the Universe?

6. What's the matter with the Universe?  

Peter Coles

in Cosmology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776687
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854162.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854162
Is the Universe infinite or does it have a limit? Will the Big bang end in a Big Crunch? Can we describe space as curved? How much matter is there? What does it look like? ‘What's the ... More
6. The material world

6. The material world  

John Gribbin

in Galaxies: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777103
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199234349.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199234349
‘The material world’ explores the nature of matter. The amount of matter in the universe can be estimated by the overall curve of spacetime (Ω). Baryonic matter is actually only a tiny ... More
6. The cost of free space

6. The cost of free space  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
‘The cost of free space’ considers Einstein's theory of General Relativity. Einstein realized that gravity could affect light beams. Although gravity was always present, it effectively ... More
5. The expanding universe

5. The expanding universe  

John Gribbin

in Galaxies: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777103
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199234349.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199234349
‘The expanding universe’ investigates the expansion of the Universe. Hubble's redshift-distance relationship had already been explained by Einstein's general relativity. General relativity ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Timothy Clifton

in Gravity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191795862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198729143.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198729143
Our understanding of gravity has developed rapidly over the past century. This began with Einstein’s revolutionary new theory and continued with sustained developments in both our ... More
3. How physics works

3. How physics works  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
Today, physics is firmly grounded in classical physics, which accurately describes much of our immediate and relatively nearby world, the mid-range scale of the cosmos; and in modern ... More
5. Making and breaking nuclei

5. Making and breaking nuclei  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Making and breaking nuclei’ describes the process by which the atomic elements came to be in the early universe. The heat energy in the big bang, some 13.7 billion years ago, converted ... More
10. Questions for the 21st century

10. Questions for the 21st century  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Questions for the 21st century’ looks at current trends in particle physics research. Up to 90% of the matter in the universe remains undetected, and many theories exist to explain what ... More
9. Where has matter come from?

9. Where has matter come from?  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Where has matter come from?’ explores the creation of matter, from present day nuclear fusion back to the Big Bang. The Sun consists of high temperature plasma, comprising free roaming ... More
5. Cosmology

5. Cosmology  

Timothy Clifton

in Gravity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191795862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198729143.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198729143
Cosmology began as a scientific discipline at the beginning of the 20th century, with the work of Albert Einstein and Edwin Hubble. Gravitational interaction is fundamental to cosmology, as ... More

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