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2. Unlimited energy?

2. Unlimited energy?  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Unlimited energy?’ shows that the Earth produces a vast amount of energy through natural radiation. Geothermal power generation can harness this energy and 40 countries in Africa, Central ... More
2. Isotopic clocksthe persistence of carbon

2. Isotopic clocks: the persistence of carbon  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
About one in a trillion atoms of carbon is the radioactive isotope 14C. It is a ‘cosmogenic isotope’ produced by the interaction between atmospheric nitrogen (N) and cosmic rays. The ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
Since its inception at a dinner party in Glasgow shortly before World War II, the concept of isotopes has constantly been at the forefront of human endeavour. As we have seen, isotopes have ... More
Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction  

Rob Ellam

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198723622
An isotope is a variant form of a chemical element, containing a different number of neutrons in its nucleus. Most elements exist as several isotopes. Many are stable, others are ... More
6. Measuring isotopesmass spectrometers

6. Measuring isotopes: mass spectrometers  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
Mass spectrometers have become routine laboratory instruments in many disciplines. ‘Measuring isotopes: mass spectrometers’ concentrates on those used to quantify the abundance of different ... More
9. Modern alchemyFrom missing elements to synthetic elements

9. Modern alchemy: From missing elements to synthetic elements  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Modern alchemy: from missing elements to synthetic elements’ explores the science behind the synthesis of elements. Rutherford and Soddy were able to transmute elements by bombarding ... More
6. Beyond the periodic table

6. Beyond the periodic table  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Beyond the periodic table’ describes the synthesis of transuranium and super heavy elements. It begins with uranium-235, uranium-238, and the breeding of plutonium in a nuclear reactor. ... More
4. Odds, evens, and shells

4. Odds, evens, and shells  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Odds, evens, and shells’ considers the fundamental property laws governing nuclear structure. It explains element stability and abundance, as well as the quantum rules, magic numbers, ... More
4. Measuring isotopescounting the atoms

4. Measuring isotopes: counting the atoms  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
‘Measuring isotopes: counting the atoms’ explores how isotopes are measured. For stable isotopes, atoms of each isotope are counted using a mass spectrometer. This turns atoms into charged ... More
1. The elements

1. The elements  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘The elements’ outlines the history of the study of elements. Ancient Greeks had just four elements—earth, water, air, and fire—which they believed possessed the shape of the platonic ... More
11. Cosmic stopped clocks

11. Cosmic stopped clocks  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
‘Cosmic stopped clocks’ explains how, using isotopes that are the daughters of isotopes that no longer exist, isotope geochemistry has been able to assemble a chronology for the formation ... More
9. Uranium, thorium, and their daughters

9. Uranium, thorium, and their daughters  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
All isotopes heavier than 208Pb (lead) are radioactive and many of these have half-lives that are long compared to the age of our Solar System. ‘Uranium, thorium, and their daughters’ ... More

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