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6. Loyalty, maintenance, shift, loss, and revival

6. Loyalty, maintenance, shift, loss, and revival  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
All languages and all dialects are bearers of identity; all can have a psychological and symbolic significance that accompanies their more obvious communicative value. ‘Loyalty, ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Poole Adrian

in Tragedy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775543
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802354.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802354
What does the word tragedy mean and in what context is it used? It is used to confer dignity and value on bad news. The Introduction asks: is this word now bandied around so much that its ... More
4. Economic information and values in environmental policy decisions

4. Economic information and values in environmental policy decisions  

Stephen Smith

in Environmental Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777813
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199583584.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199583584
‘Economic information and values in environmental policy decisions’ considers the ways in which environmental economists try to capture the value that people place on environmental quality, ... More
Conclusion The importance of being trustworthy

Conclusion The importance of being trustworthy  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
What is more important: trust or trustworthiness? Is trustworthiness valuable for its own sake, or only when it attracts the trust of others? The practice of living up to our commitments, ... More
2. An enduring value

2. An enduring value  

Raymond Wacks

in Privacy: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2015
Published Online: 
Mar 2015
eISBN: 
9780191792915
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198725947.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198725947
The notion of ‘privacy’ in its broadest, and least lucid, sense is founded upon a conception of the individual and his or her relationship with society. Individuals need privacy for ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Richard Carlin

in Country Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780190902872
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190902841.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190902841
The Introduction explains that like all popular music styles, the best country music balances the personal with the commercial; it is both nostalgic and progressive, reflecting earlier ... More
5. Conflict and cooperation

5. Conflict and cooperation  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
‘Conflict and cooperation’ considers actions, rational choices, and strategy problems. Strategic choice involves your choosing from actions the outcomes of which depend on my choice as ... More
7. Understanding law: a very short epilogue

7. Understanding law: a very short epilogue  

Raymond Wacks

in Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779664
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687008.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687008
Can law be as neutral and value-free as legal positivists seek to demonstrate, or is law steeped in inescapable moral values? Is Hart's focus upon the ‘municipal legal system’ still helpful ... More
3. Genre

3. Genre  

Robert Eaglestone

in Contemporary Fiction: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778247
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199609260.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199609260
‘Genre’ discusses one of the most important ideas in contemporary fiction. Genres mark out, or name, ‘lines of descent’, with previous novels influencing any piece of contemporary writing. ... More
9. Curiosities and dilemmas

9. Curiosities and dilemmas  

John Haigh

in Probability: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777943
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588480.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588480
‘Curiosities and dilemmas’ looks at some unusual probabilistic phenomena, before applying probability theory to modern day issues. It is accepted that a game which favours the house cannot ... More
7. Risk, culture, and society

7. Risk, culture, and society  

Baruch Fischhoff and John Kadvany

in Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199576203.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199576203
‘Risk, culture and society’ frames risk management within society as a whole. The modern study of risk began with assessing probability of defined events, and developed into a science with ... More
3. What should we maximize?

3. What should we maximize?  

Katarzyna de Lazari‐Radek and Peter Singer

in Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191795558
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198728795.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198728795
Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism, a theory that tells us that the right act is the one that has the best consequences. But how do we understand ‘best consequences’? ‘What should ... More
7. Art and erōs

7. Art and erōs  

Roger Scruton

in Beauty: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199229758.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199229758
‘Art and eros’ focuses on painting, in order to distinguish between erotic art and sexual fantasy. The Platonic view, that eros is the governing principle of beauty in all its forms, ... More
7. Auctions

7. Auctions  

Ken Binmore

in Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776991
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199218462.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199218462
‘Auctions’ examines the structure of auctions. Mechanism design allows principals to persuade their agents to behave in a certain way through regulations and incentives. Public asset ... More
4. Gambling and insurance

4. Gambling and insurance  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
‘Gambling and insurance’ considers choice from gambles. Attitudes to risk are manifest in choices from gambles in which all prizes are sums of money. Two aspects of a gamble — its expected ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Christopher Nobes

in Accounting: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779879
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684311.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684311
The ‘Epilogue’ takes an overview of accounting and considers some high level questions. How important has accounting been in the history of the world? It is clear that some sophisticated ... More
5. Habermas's theory of modernity

5. Habermas's theory of modernity  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
In addition to the systematic side of Habermas's philosophy there is an historic side. He takes from the likes of Hegel, Marx, and hermeneutic philosophy that both the objects and ... More
5. Marx

5. Marx  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Marx’ explains how in debates which form the context of the work of Karl Marx people begin to talk for the first time of the ‘end of philosophy’. From the 1830s onwards, philosophy became ... More
5. Tax evasion and enforcement

5. Tax evasion and enforcement  

Stephen Smith

in Taxation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683697.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683697
‘Tax evasion and enforcement’ considers tax evasion from three perspectives. First, it looks at evasion from the taxpayer perspective: How and why do people evade taxes? Second, from the ... More
3. Humour and value

3. Humour and value  

Noël Carroll

in Humour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779886
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199552221.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199552221
‘Humour and value’ concerns the relation of humour to value, specifically in terms of its social functions. Humour, and the comic amusement that attends it, has a crucial role to play in ... More

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