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4. Emerging virus infectionsVertebrate-Transmitted Viruses

4. Emerging virus infections: Vertebrate-Transmitted Viruses  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
The term ‘emerging virus infection’ refers to both the emergence of an infectious disease caused by a virus that is new to the species it infects, and to a re-emerging infection, meaning ... More
1. The emergence and state of the HIV and AIDS epidemic

1. The emergence and state of the HIV and AIDS epidemic  

Alan Whiteside

in HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2016
Published Online: 
Nov 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198727491.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727491
‘The emergence and state of the HIV and AIDS epidemic’ outlines the emergence of HIV/AIDS, charting the current state of the disease globally. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is ... More
2. Marine biological processes

2. Marine biological processes  

Philip V. Mladenov

in Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
eISBN: 
9780191877124
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198841715.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198841715
Roughly half of the planet’s primary production—the synthesis of organic matter by chlorophyll-bearing organisms using light energy from the sun—is produced within the Global Ocean. The ... More
6. Global veterinary medicine

6. Global veterinary medicine  

James Yeates

in Veterinary Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191833366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198790969.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198790969
Geographical distance is no longer a major barrier to the spread of germs or genes, or the interaction of different animals. We need to think of the world’s animals as a single ... More
2. Transmission at different scales

2. Transmission at different scales  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
The term ‘transmission’ defines infectious disease. Respiratory viruses such as influenza are airborne; diseases such as HIV and hepatitis are transmitted through direct, usually sexual, ... More
4. HIV

4. HIV  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Its transmission is by exchange of bodily fluids. HIV can only enter immune cells with the ... More
3. Adaptive immunity: a voyage of (non-)self-discovery

3. Adaptive immunity: a voyage of (non-)self-discovery  

Paul Klenerman

in The Immune System: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815706
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753902.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753902
How does the immune system respond to such diverse threats, including viruses never encountered previously by us as a species? The inherent diversity in the immune system can be explained ... More
Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Dorothy H. Crawford

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198811718
Viruses: A Very Short Introduction outlines the origins, structure, and method of infection of a vast variety of viruses and demonstrates how clever these entities appear to ... More
1. What are viruses?

1. What are viruses?  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
‘What are viruses?’ introduces viruses and their structure. Martinus Beijerinck, in 1898, was the first to coin the term ‘virus’, and invention of the electron microscope in the late 1930s ... More
2. Viruses are everywhere

2. Viruses are everywhere  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
‘Viruses are everywhere’ describes the ‘virosphere’—the huge virus biomass of enormous variety and complexity in the environment. Viruses are the most numerous microbes on Earth with an ... More
7. Persistent viruses

7. Persistent viruses  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
‘Persistent viruses’ explains how some viruses have evolved strategies for overcoming immune mechanisms and survive inside their host for prolonged periods, even for a lifetime. Evasion ... More
6. Epidemics and pandemics

6. Epidemics and pandemics  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
Once an acute emerging virus is successfully established in a population, it generally settles into a mode of cyclical epidemics during which many susceptible people are infected and become ... More
8. Looking ahead

8. Looking ahead  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
‘Looking ahead’ shows how our understanding of disease ecology and evolution has revolutionized disease management. By developing transmission control strategies to close the encounter ... More
Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction  

Marta Wayne and Benjamin Bolker

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688937
Infectious disease is a moving target: new diseases emerge every year, old diseases evolve into new forms, and ecological and socioeconomic upheavals change the transmission pathways by ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Marta L. Wayne and Benjamin M. Bolker

in Infectious Disease: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785276
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688937.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688937
The ‘Introduction’ explains what infectious diseases are: diseases that are transmitted from one person to another. For most of human history, diseases could only be controlled at the ... More
7. The lessons of histories

7. The lessons of histories  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘The lessons of histories’ explains how narratives about plague, whether histories or novels, contemporary chronicles or reports to governments, all focus on the same issues: the dilemmas ... More
4. Viruses

4. Viruses  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
‘Viruses’ explains that millions of people die from interacting with viruses every year, but beyond the effects of viruses on human health, the lives of all organisms and the cycling of ... More
5. Making new medicines

5. Making new medicines  

Les Iversen

in Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191808210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745792.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745792
‘Making new medicines’ outlines the process of developing and marketing new drugs. Advanced techniques provide scientists with many potential receptor targets. Compounds which may affect ... More
5. Big data and medicine

5. Big data and medicine  

Dawn E. Holmes

in Big Data: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824616
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779575.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779575
Big data analysis is changing the world of healthcare. Its potential has yet to be fully realized, but includes medical diagnosis, epidemic prediction, gauging public response to government ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
The Introduction outlines the structure of this VSI. The first two chapters introduce viruses, their structure and diversity, how they live, and their effects. Then the constant battle ... More

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