- Eric Avila
“American culture in red, white, and black” explains how diverse Americans planted the seeds of a new national culture during the colonial period, one that took shape through the contributions of people from Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Even as rival colonial powers usurped Indian land, and as Anglo-Americans expanded the institution of slavery in the South, a homegrown American culture took shape that reflected a synthesis of European, African, and indigenous influences. Women also made distinct contributions to this new culture, even as they found limits to their independence and free expression. The growing print culture in colonial America, which saw the publication of newspapers, provided a vital network of communication.