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date: 29 June 2022

p. 976. Causes and responseslocked

p. 976. Causes and responseslocked

  • Cas Mudde
  •  and Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser


To explain the success (and failure) of populist actors one has to take into account both the feelings of voters and the behavior of elites. In addition, it is crucial to consider the ways in which the socioeconomic and sociopolitical context can both hinder and facilitate the demand for and supply of populism. “Causes and responses” considers another important issue: how to respond to the rise of populism? It maps different democratic responses that target the demand side and the supply side of populist politics and concludes with some suggestions on how best to both strengthen populism’s positive effects and weaken its negative effects on (liberal) democracy.

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